○ Day drinking reduces the risk of dementia?

A survey of 3.93 million Koreans aged 40 or older… Debate

Research has shown that keeping alcohol intake to light or less than moderate levels is associated with a reduced risk of dementia. [사진= 게티이미지뱅크]

In a study of nearly 4 million Koreans, they found that drinking one or two drinks a day reduced the risk of dementia. If you drink more than two drinks a day, your risk of dementia increases.

This is the content reported by CNN based on a thesis by researchers at Cha Hospital in Korea published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA Network Open) on the 6th (local time).

Professor Jeon Geun-hye (family medicine) of CHA University’s Gumi Cha Hospital, first author of the paper, said in an email interview, “We found that light to moderate or less alcohol intake was associated with a lower risk of dementia. .” Experts warned that the study’s findings could be controversial and needed to be taken with caution.

The researchers analyzed medical records from the National Health Insurance Corporation of Korea, which provides free health checks to Koreans over 40. The screening included questionnaires about drinking, smoking and exercise habits. The total number of subjects was 3.93 million.

Based on data collected in 2009 and 2011, the researchers grouped people according to their self-reported drinking levels. People who drank less than 15 grams of alcohol per day were classified as light drinkers. Drinking between 15 g and 29.9 g per day was classified as a moderate drinker, and drinking more than 30 g or more than 3 cups per day was classified as a heavy drinker.

The researchers also looked to see if alcohol use changed between 2009 and 2011. “By measuring alcohol use at two time points, we were able to study the relationship between reduction, cessation, maintenance, and progress in alcohol use and dementia,” said Professor Jeon.

The researchers compared it with medical data from 2018 and selected people who had been diagnosed with dementia among the survey subjects. The researchers found that moderate drinkers were 21% less likely to develop dementia than non-drinkers when adjusting for age, sex, smoking, exercise level and other demographic factors. Those who said they drank moderately, or two drinks a day, were 17% less likely to develop dementia.

The positive pattern did not continue when alcohol consumption increased. People who drank three or more drinks a day were 8% more likely to be diagnosed with dementia. Conversely, when heavy drinkers moderated their drinking, the risk of being diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease was reduced by 12%, and the risk of all-cause dementia was reduced by 8%.

“There has been no scientific report that moderate drinking is associated with a reduced risk of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease,” the researchers said. Professor Jeon said, “Since this study was an observational study, no causal relationship could be identified. Further research is needed to confirm the correlation because the results of the study on light alcohol intake cannot be directly translated into clinical recommendations.”

Richard Isaacson, a researcher at the Florida Institute of Neurodegenerative Diseases in the US, who reviewed the paper, said, “This study was well done with about 4 million subjects, but you shouldn’t over-interpret the results and drink on once. ” he pointed out. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), drinking alcohol can be a risk factor for breast cancer and other cancers, and over time, heavy drinking can lead to digestive problems, heart and liver disease, high blood pressure high blood pressure, stroke, and a weakened immune system.

According to a study published in March last year, drinking just one glass of beer or wine a day can reduce overall brain volume, and damage increases as the amount of alcohol consumed each day increases. A previous study also found that people aged 40 to 69 who drank 1 pint of beer or 6 ounces of wine a day for a month had brains that looked 2 years older than those who drank less than half the that amount.

Isaacson said the findings need to be accepted given that people are not good at judging how much alcohol they drink and that even moderate drinkers often binge on weekends. “Personally, I would not recommend a person who has stopped drinking to drink moderate amounts again,” he said.

The paper can be found via the following link (https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2800994?utm_source=For_The_Media&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=ftm_links&utm_term=020623).

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