[국제][팩트와이] Will Tesla get rid of domestic electric vehicle subsidies?

[앵커]

When the United States imposed the so-called ‘Discrimination Policy on Electric Vehicle Subsidy’, loud voices of criticism in Korea say that it is ‘ruined’.

While we are discriminated against, Tesla, an American electric car, gets rid of domestic subsidies.

Reporter Shin Ji-won asked if that was true.

[기자]

‘People’s blood flows to Tesla’

‘Electric vehicle subsidy, Tesla sweeps away’

Concerns about domestic policies have increased since the ‘Inflation Reduction Act’ passed in the United States, which differentiates subsidies for electric vehicles according to production region.

The biggest beneficiary of the domestic electric vehicle subsidy policy is the United States.

Here is the status of electric vehicle subsidies secured by YTN.

This is a summary of payments made over the last two and a half years.

The proportion of subsidies paid to domestic electric vehicles has gradually increased from 75.3% in 2020 to 87.5% in the first half of this year.

During the same period, the share of subsidies received by electric vehicles from the United States, China and Europe averaged less than 20%.

Therefore, it is not true that Tesla, an American electric car, has swept away Korean electric vehicle subsidies.

If you look at imported products only, the size of the US electric vehicle subsidy is not ranked first.

Until last year, products made in the United States received the most subsidies, but this year, they have been largely lost to China.

In the first half of this year, the subsidies received by Chinese products alone amounted to 38.8 billion won, more than double that of American products (16.6 billion won).

This is due to the increase in sales of electric buses made in China in Korea.

The subsidy​​​​​​ paid to Chinese electric buses alone (23.9 billion won) was much higher than the subsidies received for Tesla (16 billion won) and all American electric vehicles (16.6 billion won) .

The problem is that Chinese electric buses with higher price competitiveness threaten the domestic ones.

[이민하 / 한국전기차협회 사무총장 : 국내산 전기버스에 비해 중국산 버스가 대당 거의 1억 원 가까이 차이가 납니다. 부품에 대한 원가, 그리고 인건비 부분이 우리나라보다 훨씬 저렴하기 때문에 차이가 날 수밖에 없고요.]

In fact, if you look at the rate of subsidies paid to electric buses, in 2020, Chinese production was 24.5%, which was far behind domestic production (75.5%).

In the first half of this year, Chinese products took 48.8% of the total subsidy, reaching the bottom of the jaw.

[노웅래 / 더불어민주당 의원 : 국내 전기차 산업 경쟁력 확보를 위한 보조금인데, 정작 중국의 저가·저성능 전기버스에 절반 가까이 지급되는 것은 명백한 정책의 허점이라고 봅니다. 국내 업계의 제반 사정을 고려해서 세부 내용 개편이 필요하다고 봅니다.]

At the end of this year, the government plans to review the electric vehicle subsidy system through industry meetings and consultations with related ministries.

This is YTN Shin Ji-win.

YTN Shin Jiwon (jiwonsh@ytn.co.kr)
Intern Reporter: Yeom Da-yeon

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[저작권자(c) YTN 무단전재 및 재배포 금지]

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