China, which has been pursuing family planning for decades, has decided to allow it to have up to three children.
Although the single-child policy was already abandoned in 2015, the birth control restrictions were effectively abolished as the low birth rate and the aging trend became serious.
Reporter Kim Tae-hyun’s report.
China has come up with measures that allow couples to have up to three children.
The meeting of the Central Political Bureau of the Communist Party, presided over by President Xi Jinping, Secretary of the Party and President of the State, deliberated and concluded a decision on improving family planning policies and developing a long-term population balance.
The Central Political Bureau assessed that this measure will help to improve the demographic structure, realize a national strategy to actively respond to population aging, and maintain the dominance of human resources.
As of November last year, China’s population continued to increase to 1.41 billion, but the rate of growth over the past decade was only 5.38%, the lowest since the 1960s.
In particular, the number of births last year dropped to 12 million, the lowest level since 1961, when tens of millions of people died due to the famine.
In response to population growth, China introduced and implemented the’one-child policy’ at the 11th plenary session of the Central Committee of the Communist Party at the end of 1978 (December), but allowed the’two-child policy’ in October 2015.
However, this decision was made when the trend of aging and low birthrate became serious due to the decline of the population and the avoidance of childbirth.
Allowing three children is a precautionary measure.
[화춘잉 / 중국 외교부 대변인 (5월 12일) : 저출산과 노령화는 대다수 선진국이 직면한 문제가 됐고 중국도 그렇게 될 겁니다. 중국은 질 높은 발전을 추진하고 맞춤형 인구 관련 전략과 정책을 시행할 것입니다.]
It is analyzed that the change in China was driven by the judgment that the population was the national power amid the US-China conflict.
Experts in China have feared that 1.4 billion people will soon peak, giving India the number one place in the population within two to three years.
YTN Taehyun Kim[[email protected]]is.
[저작권자(c) YTN & YTN plus 무단전재 및 재배포 금지]