[국제]EU seeks to establish a special court to punish Russian war crimes

[앵커]

A move to hold Russia legally responsible for the invasion of Ukraine is gaining ground.

The EU has decided to establish a special court to condemn Russian war crimes and push for the use of frozen Russian assets for war recovery costs.

This is Reporter Lee Sang-soon on the sidewalk.

[기자]

The European Union (EU) has proposed the establishment of a special court with the support of the United Nations.

To investigate and prosecute Russian war crimes.

This is because the International Criminal Court (ICC) does not have jurisdiction over Russia or Ukraine.

[우르즐라 폰데어라이엔 / EU 집행위원장 : 우리 모두 부차의 공포를 기억합니다. 지금까지 민간인 2만여 명과 우크라이나군인 10만여 명이 살해됐습니다. 러시아는 이 끔찍한 범죄의 댓가를 치러야 합니다.]

The President of Ukraine, Zelensky, said that special courts must be carefully prepared in order for them to function properly, and that he is particularly looking forward to Britain’s role.

[볼로디미르 젤렌스키 / 우크라이나 대통령 : 우리의 평화 공식을 완전히 실행해야 합니다. 2차대전 이후처럼 이번 전쟁 이후에도 정의를 실현해야 합니다. 이 과정에서 영국이 지도적 역할을 할 것으로 믿습니다.]

A plan to hold Russia accountable for war reparations is also taking shape.

Ukraine’s financial loss is estimated at 600 billion euros, or about 818 trillion won.

The EU is trying to leverage Russia’s seized assets to pay for recovery.

The EU froze 300 billion euros in the assets of the Russian Central Bank and 19 billion euros in the assets of new Russian conglomerates.

[우르즐라 폰데어라이엔 / EU 집행위원장 : 동결 자산을 활용할 수 있도록 우리의 동맹들과 협의하겠습니다. 합법적인 방안을 찾을 수 있을 겁니다. 러시아의 잔혹한 범죄를 절대로 그냥 지나치면 안 됩니다.]

Previously, the G7, the seven major countries, decided to form a network for the investigation of Russia into war crimes and the preservation of evidence after the first meeting of the justice minister in Berlin, Germany.

International pressure is mounting on Russia, which gave back half of the occupied territories, including Kherson, as a result of a counterattack by Ukrainian forces.

This is YTN Lee Sang-soon.

YTN Lee Sang-soon ([email protected])

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[저작권자(c) YTN 무단전재 및 재배포 금지]

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