Women workers in the performing arts and film industry who have suffered from unreasonable demands that are not in the contract
Netflix drama ‘My Name’
Han So-hee’s bed scene controversy
Forced exposure without prior notice
The revelations of anti-civil government in 2015, etc.
It’s not yesterday
You started working part-time one day. After understanding the terms and conditions, the contract was signed. While working diligently, the other party suddenly demands work that was not in the contract. I was supposed to clean the windows, but even asking them to wipe even the floor is a curse. But what if it’s a different story and involves sensitive issues like exposure or physical contact? Same day notification too! I want to report it to the Labor Office in a cool way and throw it away. However, the development of reality is not like that of a ‘riding warrior’. If I don’t do it, things get complicated, take a long time, or I’m fussy. If I decide to quit, all my work in the past will be in vain, and my choices hurt someone. Can we say that we have a choice in this situation? Choose one of the two, YES OR YES! It is a clear violation of human rights and violence to suddenly demand labor and authority outside the agreed-upon territory and leave the result as a video that the party cannot control. But this happens all too often with female actors.
<마이 네임>is a Netflix original drama released on October 15th, starring Han So-hee. Controversy arose when it was revealed that the bed scene in the play was done without prior notice. Regarding the overall flow of the work, there were many responses that the bed scenes were out of the way, but the actors who were filming were more embarrassed than we were. Suddenly? now? Bed scenes or forced exposure without prior notice <마이 네임>It’s not the only problem. It is a type of sexual violence that has long been concealed in the art world by pretending to be an inevitable attempt to achieve artistic perfection. Sexual contact and conduct without consent is sexual assault. Sexual utterance and conduct without consent is sexual harassment. If so, exposure or bed scenes that are requested without prior notice are also sexual assault. The name of the press conference held in 2017 by the Women’s Culture and Arts Association and the feminist film group ‘Filming Femi’ protested the court’s acquittal in the first trial after judging sexual violence as acting, and the name of the press conference was ‘That’s not acting, it’s sexual assault’. “Can’t you just say no? If you want to say, “Isn’t it because he said he would do it?”, why didn’t you say “No” confidently to so many unreasonable demands?
Let us cite a few representative examples. In 2012, actress Park Si-yeon was filmed <간기남>suffered from exposure delays without prior notice. In an interview at the time, it is said that if he had known the level of exposure, he would have refused, and that was why he cried at the filming site. Actress Moon So-ri was released on SBS in July 2014. <매직 아이>appeared on the show, confessing the damage he suffered 10 years ago. When I arrived at the scene on the morning of the filming day, there was an overexposed scene that was not in the script. Actor Lee Young-jin also appeared in OnStyle in 2017. <뜨거운 사이다>revealed that she was forced to expose her naked body without prior consultation.
‘The field’ is not equal
In a space where the hierarchy works
Which actress can say NO
Director Kim Ki-duk, who died in the midst of sexual assault charges, also forced him to expose a bed scene or exposure while filming a movie. Kim Ki-duk even committed violence openly, but it is not coercion only when there is shouting or physical assault. Even if no one tells me to, at a dinner party, a newcomer comes forward and grabs the tongs, puts a gun to his head and smiles, but when the boss jokes, he wakes up on his own. Role expectations, circumstances, everyone’s circumstances, work progress… Wouldn’t the grip of the invisible hand of atmosphere and situation be as strong as Adam Smith’s? Imagine the situation of a female actor. There are dozens of cameras set up, and everyone moves for me. Waiting for me to say YES. ‘The field’ is not equal. It is a space in which it is difficult for individuals to object or express an opinion, and where the hierarchy operates.
These practices are fundamentally based on misogynistic thinking that treats women as tools rather than accepting them as equals. Once the ‘contract’ is made, the body is a ‘resource’ that can be requested and used as much as desired regardless of the intention of the party. Actor Ban Min-jung, who accused Jo Deok-je of sexual harassment while filming in 2015 and was convicted in 2018, reveals the structure of sexual violence at the filming site. “I went through a situation where I was forced to postpone an exposure that was not agreed upon in advance at the filming site. I couldn’t believe it when I heard that there was a conversation saying, ‘You can take it off on the spot’ in the transcript of the film production company’s representative submitted to the court. (…) I wrote a contract after reviewing the exposure, and even as a lead actor with a long acting experience, I was forced to be exposed regardless of my intentions or contract details in ‘Site’.” I think of the countless female workers in the performing arts and film industry who could not even report the damage. I think of a talent that should have been lost because of refusing an unreasonable request. I think of those who are still struggling in the field without consent and prior notice.
If you make a surprise request without letting your colleague know in advance what you want, it means that you are not confident that you will eventually get consent. I know it’s not that convincing, but it’s an act of confessing that I’m going to force it. “I’m the type of person who pushes and forces people out of options rather than trying to fully communicate with the people they work with to get results.” We have agreed to call such a person a ‘yangachi’ in a language system that shares meaning. not an artist. Do you want to be an artist while doing a bastard? There is no such thing. What can I say, I want to become a muscle king by eating a lot of high-fructose sugar. The only way to become an artist is to do art, and exposing without consent or coercing a bed scene is not art.
Oftentimes, obsession with ‘raw’ and a certain ‘authenticity’ is the cause of filming without consent. Actress Yoon Yeo-jeong <화녀>(1971) At the time of filming, while I was lying down naked, a swarm of mice spilled over my body and I was confused. It was an unannounced scene, and although it was clearly abuse, this scene was made into a movie. It was even talked about over and over as a ‘famous scene’. But since I shot a scene that harasses people, it’s more like a snuff film than art. movie <한여름의 판타지아>(2015) was filmed in a state where only the director and the male actors knew about the last kissing scene. The director said he did it because he thought that ‘that feeling’ wouldn’t live if he didn’t. That’s weird. Isn’t acting what brings that feeling to life? In art, ‘authenticity’ and ‘raw’ are treated as something more sublime, drastic, and great than consensual directing. But art is creation. It’s fiction. A lot of capital is invested and various people participate to make the fake look like the real thing. Acting, holding lights, making props, and special makeup. Therefore, all attempts to capture the raw ‘real’ in the field of creating fiction like this are deceptive. It is breaking the promise of the field and the worldview. There is a famous anecdote about acting and authenticity. When an actor stopped eating and drinking according to the character’s situation, a fellow actor advised, “Don’t starve and act.” The very idea of bringing out a satisfactory result through surprise is an act of disrespecting an actor who works as an actor and confessing his own lack of competence. In the end, it means destroying the very essence of visual art itself.
In a similar vein, the ‘hidden camera’ culture should be alerted. A ‘surprise camera’ that pleasantly surprises people within a harmless range is not enough, but creating an embarrassing situation and consuming the opponent’s reaction for fun is also making other people a tool. No one is entitled to intentionally put another person in a difficult situation and expend that feeling or reaction for their own purposes. Whether the purpose is art, laughter, or emotion, the form is a film or an ‘experimental camera’.
We want everyone to work equally in a safe place and to be treated fairly. You have the right to do what you have agreed to and refuse to do what you have not agreed upon. Promising to provide a certain amount of labor does not mean that you are free to use that person.
If you want to make something out of this obvious fact, you should definitely be aware of it. It is not art, but the fact that it can be evidence of a crime scene.