The Communist Party of China (CCP) held a grand celebration on the 100th anniversary of its founding on the 1st. Today is the celebration of the century for the Chinese Communist Party. American Democratic Party (1828) and Republican Party (1854), British Conservative Party (founded 1834), Austrian Social Democratic Party (1847), Indian National Congress (1885), Swedish Social Democratic Labor Party (1889), South Africa’s Africa After the National Congress (1912), the Kuomintang (1914), and the Taiwanese People’s Party (1919), it has established itself as one of the 100-year-old political parties.
The 23rd anniversary of the founding of the CCP is the 1st.
Great Leap Forward Movement and Cultural Revolution Without Reflecting on Errors
Emphasis on economic performance and Chinese nationalism
Local peace and stability, pressure from neighboring countries
The CCP established the People’s Republic of China with Beijing as its capital in 1949 after two national-public collaborations with the Kuomintang, the Yan’an Campaign, the Anti-Japanese War, and the Civil War. After that, the Great Leap Forward Movement (1958~60) and the Cultural Revolution (1966~76) went through trial and error, but the reform and opening up pushed China to become an economic powerhouse.
In terms of nominal value, China is ranked second in the world after the United States (22,675.2 billion), with the IMF’s forecast for gross domestic product (GDP) of $16.64 trillion in 2021. Japan (US$5.3781 billion), Germany (US$4.319 trillion), the UK (US$3.12 trillion) and India (US$3.497 trillion) combined. As a trading powerhouse with $2.59 trillion in exports and $2.6 trillion in imports in 2020, it also has great international influence. China, with a population of 1.44 billion, has a projected GDP per capita of $11,819 in 2021, exceeding the global average.
However, looking at the 100th anniversary of the CCP, there is something that cannot be understood. The CCP held an event to commemorate the 100th anniversary of its founding at Tiananmen Square in Beijing on the 1st, the official founding anniversary (July 1st Party Day). However, on July 23, 21st, the CCP held the first party congress, the founding congress. It is recorded as such in 『The History of the Communist Party of China (1919-49)』 (published in Western translation) published by the CCP Central Party Research Lab.
So, why is July 1st an anniversary? The Chinese Communist Party newspaper (News) section of the People’s Network of China explains the reason as follows. The reason is that Mao Zedong (毛澤東) mentioned July 1st as the anniversary of the founding in his ‘Discussing Earth War’ published in Yan’an in May 1938.
Then, in June 1941, in the documents of the Central Committee of the CCP, it was expressed as ’20 years of founding, 4 years of July 7,’ and it was decided to hold a commemoration ceremony on that day. July 7th is the date on which the Sino-Japanese War began on July 7th, 37th, when the Sino-Japanese War began with a self-made provocation by the Japanese army in Lugouqiao (盧溝橋) southwest of Beijing (then Beiping). I can’t help but tilt my head as to whether the party and leadership are more important than historical facts.
The CCP’s infallibility is also a problem. The CCP and China suffered many trials and errors due to the mistakes of the Party and its leaders in the early days of its founding. John King Fairbank, a scholar of Chinese history at Harvard University in the United States, in the ‘Great Leap Forward (1958~60)’ chapter of his book 『New China History (revised version)』 (published with a magpie translation), “About 20 to 30 million people were forced by the CCP. They lost their lives from malnutrition and starvation because of the policy that was adopted.” “If you look at the statistics that show the increase in mortality, this must be one of the catastrophes that mankind has experienced,” Fairbank said.
Chinese-American historian Yi Manuel CY Xu (徐中約), in “The Great Leap Forward and the People’s Corporation” of “Modern-Modern Chinese History: The Birth and Rise of the People” (published with a magpie translation), said that Mao Zedong said, I mentioned that it will catch up or even overtake the industrial productivity of China,” he wrote, clarifying the responsibility of Mao and the CCP.
Fairbank, in the chapter of the ‘Cultural Revolution (1966-76)’, described it as “the end of the lost 20 years of China that began with the anti-right struggle in 57” and “The scope of the catastrophe was so extensive that about 100 million people were directly there. got involved,” he said. In June 1981, the 6th Plenary Session of the 11th CCP Central Committee, Xu, stated in the report that “The Cultural Revolution was initiated and led by Comrade Mao Zedong.” “As history has already proven, the Cultural Revolution was caused by the fault of the leaders.” emphasized that
Xu pointed out that during this period, the CCP should have learned a lesson to keep in mind the adage that “power leads to corruption, and absolute power leads to absolute corruption”. Nevertheless, the CCP has yet to take measures such as punishing those responsible or dispersing power to prevent recurrence, other than punishing the four people who led the revolution. It will inevitably become a political and historical burden.
Despite its remarkable economic performance, the Chinese Communist Party is evaluated to have deviated from the main stream of leftist ideology through closed nationalism and aggressive nationalism. The Communist Party of China (CCP) is the sole power to control China’s politics and society while maintaining a de facto one-party dictatorship. This is why we are constantly being challenged in the field of human rights and democracy from the West, including the United States and Europe. It is also evaluated as a threat to regional peace by Southeast Asian countries due to maritime territorial disputes in the South China Sea.
At the same time, it is true that it is positioned as a target of caution rather than a country respected around the world for its infallibility without reflection on history and excessive egocentrism. It can be seen as a result of diplomacy that puts economic and military power at the fore, not soft power or values. This is why neighboring countries cannot be happy with the 100th anniversary of the founding of the CCP, which can be called the ‘festival of the century’.
International Correspondent Chae In-taek