White House: Ban on production, use, and stockpiling of anti-personnel mines…except for the Korean Peninsula
“Korea’s security is our top priority…Russian invasion of Ukraine reaffirms the impact of anti-personnel mines”
The US bans the use of anti-personnel mines outside of the Korean Peninsula.
The White House announced in a press release on the 21st (local time) that it would ban the use of anti-personnel mines outside the Korean Peninsula in accordance with the Ottawa Agreement.
The Ottawa Convention bans the use, production, and stockpiling of anti-personnel mines, and over 160 countries, including NATO members, have signed up.
The United States is not a signatory to the Ottawa Convention.
The White House explained that under these guidelines, the U.S. does not produce, use, or stockpile landmines, and it does not support any action in violation of the Ottawa Convention except for the purpose of defending the Korean Peninsula.
It also said that it will not export or move mines except for the purpose of detecting or removing mines, and will destroy mines that are not necessary for the defense of the Korean Peninsula.
The White House said, “After sufficient policy review, we have decided to join the anti-personnel mine restrictions that most countries around the world are participating in,” the White House said in a statement. said
The White House said, “Despite these measures, the anti-personnel mine policy on the Korean Peninsula is maintained at this point in accordance with the U.S. commitment to the specificity of the Korean Peninsula and the defense of South Korea. It will be considered,” he said.
In a separate statement, the National Security Council (NSC) also said, “According to the presidential order, the use of anti-personnel mines outside the Korean Peninsula will be in accordance with the Ottawa Convention.” will,” he said.
“The world has once again witnessed the devastating effects of anti-personnel mines during Russia’s invasion of Ukraine,” the NSC said.
“These measures are in stark contrast to Russia’s actions in Ukraine,” the State Department said in a separate briefing.
The State Department said, “The exception is made on the Korean Peninsula as mines in the DMZ are under the jurisdiction of the South Korean government, but we are responsible for South Korea’s defense.” is an exception,” he added.
According to the State Department, the U.S. currently stockpiles 3 million antipersonnel mines, with the exception of one in Afghanistan in 2002, the last time it used antipersonnel mines during the 1991 Gulf War.
Anti-personnel mines have been criticized as a representative anti-humanitarian weapon because of their low tactical effect and high risk of killing civilians.
In particular, recently, it is known that Russia used a large amount of conventional weapons in violation of international treaties, including anti-personnel mines, in the course of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, and it is facing criticism from the international community.
The US previously announced a policy similar to that of the Biden administration in September 2014 to ban the use of anti-personnel mines under former President Barack Obama, but even at that time, it did not join the Ottawa Convention due to the ‘Korean Peninsula Exception Policy’.
Former President Donald Trump relaxed the regulations in 2020 on the grounds that it would disadvantage U.S. troops, but President Biden made it clear that he would restrict the use of anti-personnel mines as part of his presidential campaign promise.