3 ways to prevent ‘cardiovascular disease’ in summer

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One of the diseases to be aware of in the hot summer is ‘cardiovascular disease’.

This is because, when you sweat due to the heat, the water in your body decreases, and at this time, the viscosity of the blood increases, which increases blood clots in the blood vessels, which can cause acute myocardial infarction.

In addition, the process of dilating peripheral blood vessels to dissipate heat increases the load on the heart, which can lead to a very dangerous situation for the elderly or those with heart disease risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart failure.

Cardiovascular disease, the second leading cause of death in Korea after cancer, should be more cautious as the prevalence of antecedent diseases such as diabetes and hypertension increases as the elderly enter the elderly.

In fact, if we look at the prevalence of diabetes in Korea, it exceeds 10% for men from their 40s and from 50s for women. Studies have shown that adults with diabetes have a 2- to 4-fold increased risk of coronary artery disease and a 3- to 7-fold increase in mortality from coronary artery disease compared to adults without diabetes.

Hypertensive patients experienced cardiovascular disease five years earlier than normal people.

In order to prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular disease, there are several measures such as ▲preliminary management of underlying diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure, which are major risk factors, ▲improving and observing lifestyle rules, and ▲considering low-dose aspirin intake.

The first step to preventing cardiovascular disease is to improve bad lifestyle habits. Ignoring and negligent management of bad lifestyle habits, such as smoking and incorrect eating habits, are a major threat to heart health. Obesity, smoking, drinking, and lack of exercise are the causes of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes, which are precursors of cardiovascular disease, which in turn lead to cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease has a clear link between the preceding disease and lifestyle, so it is important to manage it in advance through the practice of a healthy lifestyle.

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Representative lifestyle habits to prevent cardiovascular disease include ▲ smoking cessation ▲ limiting alcohol consumption ▲ eating lightly ▲ eating plenty of vegetables and fish ▲ exercising properly for at least 30 minutes every day if possible ▲ maintaining an appropriate weight and waist circumference.

If you have cardiovascular disease risk factors or have a medical history, you can consider taking low-dose aspirin in consultation with your doctor. Taking low-dose aspirin is expected to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in high-risk patients for cardiovascular disease (primary preventive effect) and to prevent cardiovascular-related death (secondary preventive effect) in patients with a history of cardiovascular disease by inhibiting thrombus formation. can

According to the study, when low-dose aspirin was taken to prevent cardiovascular disease, nonfatal myocardial infarction was reduced by 23%, major coronary artery disease by 18%, and death and serious vascular events such as myocardial infarction and stroke were reduced by 12%. appeared to be

Therefore, the guidelines of the American and European Heart Association recommend the use of low-dose aspirin in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease when the risk of bleeding is not high and there are no clear contraindications.

However, the older the age, the higher the probability of taking the drug, so the interaction between drugs should be considered. Anticoagulants, thrombolytics, other platelet aggregation inhibitors, hemostatic agents, and some antidiabetic drugs may increase the risk of bleeding when taken together with low-dose aspirin.

The Korean Society of Hypertension explained, “Aspirin should be avoided as much as possible in elderly hypertensive patients. This is because side effects such as bleeding have been continuously raised.”

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Professor Lee Kyung-hoon of the Department of Cardiology at Gachon University Gil Hospital said, “If there are risk factors such as high blood pressure or diabetes for cardiovascular disease, it is important to prevent and manage it wisely in advance by following a good lifestyle.” It is important not to forget to take one tablet every day, so it is also helpful to take it with the family or set an alarm. If you are considering stopping low-dose aspirin for unavoidable circumstances, be aware of the rebound effect and consult a specialist You have to make a decision through it.” By Jang Jong-ho, reporter bellho@sportschosun.com

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