The HaFL team wanted to get an NFL team in Dallas, and in 1960 founder of influences Chicago Bears with Clint Murchison found one.
Less than 10 years later, a series that geographically put the locals for years went from 16 to 26 franchises in combination with the American Football League, making plans to go more way to go rather than wearing American weather as the favorite sport in the country.
Television added to the success of both series in the decade before their merger in 1970, and an expansion that pushed pro-football into the deep South grew from declarations from the then Commissioner Pete Rozelle that AFL franchises could remain in their current cities. .
"The availability of NFL games on free television to this day is always the most important factor for the popularity and expansion of our sport," says Joe Browne, the longest-serving senior executive ever.
Within 20 years of the NFL's birth in 1920, the series of core staffs considered to be the centerpiece of Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Green Bay, New York, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia and Washington.
Before 1950, the only team awaiting power south of Washington was in Los Angeles – and this was because Cleveland Rams, Dan Reeves, threatened to sue if he couldn't cope with lights. Hollywood after his team reached the final in 1945 Joe Horrigan, NFL historian and executive director of the Pro Football Hall of Fame recently says.
Between the Rams were transferred in 1946 and the first of the Cowboys, as well as the relocation of the Chicago Cardinals to St. Louis in 1960, the only additional outside of the San Francisco NFL's traditional geographical footprint was in the 1950's. All-America Football Conference wrapped.
During these first 40 years, current stadiums, Horrigan explains, have often been customized and franchised to a basic wall.
"Baseball had already been established and (you could NFL teams) to play their games and even borrow their names to the mismatches they had affiliated with the baseball teams. , "he says. "The series was still growing its own identity and it had not yet built a football stadium."
Cowboys and Cardinals additions have not changed. Dallas first played in the Cotton Bowl, a stadium built for college football and became famous, another sport became more popular with US fans before the NFL grew.
The Cardinals had the same nickname as the baseball team at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis, with baseball ownership leading the offer for a new stadium which opened six years after the football team moved.
Even the Minnesota Vikings used an extended partner with the Cowboys after the NFL took ownership and expected to get an AFL team – the first stadium to use. They focused in 1961 at Metropolitan Stadium, hoping to attract MLB staff. The Gemini moved from Washington the same year.
Browne says that Lamar Hunt and Bud Adams are leading the thirst for more NFL teams to go after NFL expansion teams in the 1950s. When the owners renegade, they became their eight AFL staff.
"The argument could be made in a way that left these two teams lead to the announcement of the AFL's announcement," Browne says about the Cowboys and the Vikings. "However, these two cities and others were being discussed by the NFL for expansion for some years before 1960."
To assist in the 1966 merger agreement to comply with anti-pollution concerns in the Conference, Rozelle promised that NFL staff already based in Atlanta and the AFL team in Miami could remain in these cities. The Falcons and the Dolphins hit the field in 66.
By the same time, the league was interested in New Orleans due to the popularity of high school and college football in the South. And the Saints provided early signs to NFL staff who were standing alone, knowing that the Louisiana Superdome, one football, was being planned. They started playing in 1967.
Browne notes that a national survey revealed the first time that a football pro had been listed as the fans favorite sport over the top.
"However, the NFL was unable to escalate too quickly because they wanted to maintain a competitive balance on the field and not have a poorly resistant product," he says.
Still, the Cincinnati AFL sent him in 1968, and former leader of Browns, Paul Brown, was the owner of the Bengals.
That's for a new franchise for another six years.
Enter Tampa Bay and Seattle.
A smaller stadium built by Tampa had already been built by the Buccaneers available, approved in 1974 for a two-year start later. Seattle, who approached around the same timeline, took the Kingdome expecting a football and baseball franchise. The Seahawks were the first team to play, and the Mariners followed soon.
The 28-team makeup lasted nearly twenty years. It worked because the NFL was much better than other sports on revenues and popularity.
Naturally, this did not mean that the league was not interested in further growth. These 28 owners knew that the increased fees would be nine figures compared to the $ 16 million paid by the Bucs and Seahawks to enter the party.
And they did. When Jacksonville and Carolina (located in Charlotte) were accepted as new members, it cost $ 140 million to each franchise owner. The Jaguars and Panthers started playing in 1995 and both were seen (and lost) in their next games season games.
When Art Modell moved the Cleveland Browns to Baltimore in 1996 in one of the most dangerous franchise switches in football history, Commissioner Paul Tagliabue promised to have an expanded team at Cleveland. He added that, and in 1999 the new version of the Browns – was born at $ 530 million.
Four years later, Houston was the 32nd team, and all Texans fee was up to $ 700 million.
While eight divisions with four teams provide an exemplary balance, the question of whether there is another enlarged round – internationally to London, Mexico City or Canada – possibly raised. A $ 1 billion entry fee could come from that.
Browne says that the late Malcolm Glazer, Malcolm Glazer, praised this figure when the new Browns were added 20 years ago.
"Some of the other owners smiled at Malcolm and thought that hundreds of millions could be far too big," says Browne. "None of those owners in 2019 are laughing at the amount of that dollar for the next NFL expansion, when that would be."
Horrigan's figures would have widened the league in the 1960s and 70s without the risk of AFL, but it is certain that the viability of the competitive series puts the issue into effect. The Cowboys were in response to Dallas Texans of Hunt, who became Chief Executive of Kansas City in 1963 after they won the AFL championship. Houston Oilers of Adams stayed through the merger before they moved to Tennessee in 1997.
"The world was ready for more franchises," says Horrigan. "And the series was pretty comfortable with the status quo."
It is unlikely that a series of competition will reverse the status quo again, says Horrigan. The most significant efforts were spring football, and dissatisfied results.
The American Football Alliance met in April in the middle of its first seasons, nearly 20 years after your majestic XFL turned one season to exchange. McMahon is trying again in 2020. The USFL was the closest to success, which lasted three seasons in the mid-1980s.
“The NFL looked at it and said,“ Well, if there is a demand, it is reasonable to succeed in that series, ”Horrigan said about the USFL. "The founders were very focused on that. Then a few more aggressive owners, Donald Trump, came together and in fact they were looking for a cheap way into the NFL.
"They felt that they could add to the merger and come together. So these extended charges would not only prevent the snack, the entrance to the back of the row, but it will control those who have you as owners.
Also, these NFL power brokers do not have to worry about having competition with baseball – or any other sport – these days.
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