To celebrate World Banana Day, discover the Jewish connection with these delicious fruits.
April is a busy month for the Jews, as we prepare for the Jewish holiday of Passover. It is easy to forget other holidays on the calendar this season: World Bananas Day was held on the third Wednesday of every April. This year, it is 17 April 2019.
It is worth taking a break from Easter cooking and cleaning to reflect on what it takes to grow and market these delicious fruits. Some Jewish connections are surprised by the modern banana industry. Here are five Jewish facts about this delicious result.
Indigenous plants to India, bananas began to become popular in the Middle East and Europe during the Middle Ages as Arab traders brought these novel results to new markets further west. A tenth-century Arab and Georgian traveler called al-Muqadasi recorded bananas in Jerusalem, as well as other fruits such as raisins, oranges and apples. Other accounts record the Jews eating bananas elsewhere in the land of Israel during the Middle Ages. From the 17th century onwards, there are records that farmers grow the crop in the region.
The exotic fruits were accepted by the Medieval Jews, but they had a key question – is there banana fruit at all? This applies traditionally because the Jews make one blessing with God for his creation borei pri ha etz, the fruit of the tree, and a different blessing giving thanks to God for doing it borei pri ha adamah, or fruit of the lands, over vegetables and herbs. Bananas grow in a plant like palm and are herb, producing up to hundreds of bananas from one plant. Unlike fruit trees, long banana trees do not last: about eight years.
In the 1500s in the city of Israel Safed, Rabbi Joseph Karo explained that the bananas are not fruit adamah goodbye, no blessing of fruit, should be said over bananas. Reflecting the fact that Arab traders were primarily responsible for the spread of bananas, Rabbi Karo called them their Arabic name, muzish.
“The Man of the Banana” t
Samuel Zmuri was a Jewish teenager from Kishinev in Russia when he bought a steerage ticket for New York City. Coming into the United States, he sent a freight train back to Selma, Alabama, where he worked odd jobs – including the destruction of bananas from ships arriving from Central America, where banana production was becoming a major success. large industry.
Samuel, who had changed his name to Zemurray, started buying up the ripe bananas which were usually worn and sold to grocers. Soon, Zemurray was called the 'Man Man of the Banana'. He started his own company in 1903 and began running his own shipping line, bringing bananas to the United States from Honduras. In 1906, he leased 5,000 acres of banana crops and became a major importer of bananas to the United States. He was ultimately a shareholder controlled in United Fruit Company, then the world's largest fruit company. Under his leadership, bananas grew in popularity, and became a staple in many American families.
Philanthropy was dedicated to Zemurray. He sponsored 22,000 Latin American farmers to become independent producers selling to United Fruit, and supported many universities and hospitals, including an agricultural college in Honduras and Dubha's New Hospital in New York. Orlean.
Save Survivors Savers
Samuel Zemurray was a passionate Zionur and personal friend of Cam Weizmann, the first President of the State of Israel. In the years following the Second World War, thousands of Jewish survivors wanted to sail to the land of Israel and start a new life in the Jewish homeland. Britain, which ruled the area, has put in place a rigorous policy of not allowing Jewish refugees to enter. Many of the Jews attempted to enter Israel's land illegally, and were arrested again and imprisoned by the British in prison camps on the island of Cyprus, Greece.
In 1947, the Jewish secret defense force, the Haganah (today's predecessor of the Defense Force of Israel) towards Zemurray went to a secret toppoint: would it fund the purchase of a ship that involved Jewish partisan smugglers in the Holocaust? Zemurray agreed, using a leading firm called Weston Trading Company to hide the deal.
The ship bought Zemurray steamer 20 years old called the USS President Warfield. A German submarine attacked in 1942, was decommissioned; when Zemurray bought it, he was on his way to a yard. Instead, the Haganah brought the ship to French port Marseilles and was loaded with 4,553 passengers: The people who survived the Holocaust had to enter the land of Israel. As the ship slowly walked to Haifa's port during the summer of 1947, the team renamed the ship of the Exodus and issued a large blue and white flag, declaring that it was the country. in Israel its final destination.
The Exodus was accompanied by many ships from Ireland, including abolition, and when they were approaching the coast of Israel, the ship was shot by the British and placed a fleet of armed soldiers on board the ship and sent they endanger their passengers and crew. In the fight that broke out, three survivors in the Holocaust died and many were injured. British ships pulled the Exodus into the harbor, and they plan to send the broken, desperate passengers back to France.
Instead, Exodus passengers and staff set up a hunger strike. For 24 days, in the brutal Mediterranean sun, the world looked at the thousands of survivors of the Holocaust – men, women and children – and members of the Haganah weakened food shortages. Finally, British soldiers forced the Passengers of the Exodus to return to Europe, where soldiers throwing friction gases and clubs entered new prisons: camps of displaced people in Germany. A few months later, in August 1947, partly because of the moving example of the Passenger Passion of the Exodus to reach the land of Israel, the United Nations voted to create a Jewish state in part of the Bible land of Israel. Little was known about Samuel Zemurray's role in this historic event. He was a modest and energetic man. When he died in 1961, some friends were surprised to find that Zemurray was the banana warden behind the previous Exodus historical journey.
Banana bar bar to save the world
Jewish farmers began to grow bananas in Israel in the 1930s, initially in the north near Kinneret, (Sea of Galilee), and later throughout the country. Although hot-weather, hot burning summers of Israel can be too big for banana plants. Israeli farmers realized that they could compensate by building canvas roofs to prevent bananas from the sun during the hot summer months. They also pioneered the irrigation, fertilization and cross breeding of banana plants. Today, Israel produces approximately 45,000 tonnes of bananas each year, supplying around 20% of all bananas consumed in the West.
Growing bananas in Israel
Banana growers of Israel saved a banana bar around the world a few years ago. The main threat to banana crops is a pathogen known as nematodes, commonly known as round worms. After years of harvesting banana harvest with this pest, Israel scientists developed a nematode-resistant banana plant in the early 2000s. Now, Israel's developed songs of harder banana plants all over the world, which produce hard bananas and add to fruit.
Adopted by Jewish Cooks
Some Jewish communities have long accepted bananas. Jewish cooks in Persia and Afghanistan go down traditional recipes charoset, the sweet paste eaten by the Passover Seder, which incorporates bananas as main subjects. In Yemen, the Jews mastered honey bananas as a folk recipe for some illnesses.
Ashkenazi Jewish cooks began taking 20th century bananas in North America and Europe, as well as their non-Jewish counterparts, as more bananas were available on a commercial and popular basis. A 19th century Jewish cuisine aimed at recent Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe explained that it was intended that the soft soft cream side would be eaten, rather than the hard skin out of banana.
Today, Israel is the world's best market of fresh bananas per person, consuming 30 kilograms per year per person. While some South American and Asian nations eat more bananas in the form of flour and banana drinks, “As long as they eat plain banana, Israel is certainly a global leader in consumption, especially among children, ”explains Yuval Levy expert at Zemach agricultural research station in Israel.
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