▶ Click here for a larger view
On the 3rd, Julie Chin, anchor of KJRH, a local broadcast station in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA, suddenly started stuttering while leading news. When the words he wanted rarely came out of his mouth, he eventually stopped telling the news, and the screen went to the weather forecast.
His colleagues felt the abnormality and immediately called 911, thankfully Chin survived a major crisis. Doctors said he was showing early signs of a stroke.
In addition to stuttering, Chin showed symptoms such as numbness in her arms and hands and a narrowing of her field of vision. These are all key symptoms of a stroke.
Chin’s case was also known in Korea through reports, raising awareness about strokes.
According to the National Medical Center emergency medical status statistics on the 20th, there are 112,874 stroke patients in 2020. This is an increase of 19% compared to 94,813 people five years ago.
The majority of stroke patients were over 50 years old.
A stroke occurs when a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain is blocked (cerebral infarction) or bursts (cerebral haemorrhage), causing damage to the brain, resulting in hemiplegia (paralysis and loss of strength in one limb), speech disorders, and disorders of consciousness, academic abnormalities. It is often referred to as a ‘stroke’. Ischemic stroke (brain infarction) accounts for 80% of all strokes.
According to the National Health Information Portal of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the typical early symptoms that should be suspected of a stroke are sudden ▲ hemiplegia ▲ speech impairment ▲ visual impairment ▲ dizziness ▲ severe headache.
Sudden hemiplegia is paralysis and loss of strength in one arm or leg, or numbness and loss of feeling in one arm or leg. However, it is not unilateral paralysis when these symptoms occur in both legs and arms at the same time.
Sudden speech disorders are slurred speech or an inability to understand the other person’s speech.
Sudden blindness is a symptom where one eye cannot see, one object is seen as two, or the right or left half of the field of view is not visible.
In addition, severe dizziness or a very severe headache like being struck by lightning or a hammer are symptoms that should be suspected of having a stroke.
A stroke is a disease that competes with time for treatment, so if you suspect a stroke, you should go to hospital immediately.
In some cases, stroke symptoms improve spontaneously within a few minutes or hours (transient ischemic attack), but even in this case, there is a high risk of recurrence, so it is best to visit with hospital immediately.
There should be no lifting of fingers, waiting with acupuncture points, or rubbing of arms and legs while waiting as this could delay the procedure and put the patient at risk.
The main causes of stroke include old age, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, smoking and excessive drinking. Hyperlipidemia, obesity, and lack of exercise are also causes of stroke.
High blood pressure is the most important cause of stroke, and controlling blood pressure can greatly reduce the chance of stroke. To prevent another cause, atherosclerosis, you should avoid foods high in cholesterol and exercise regularly. It is also necessary to stop smoking and reduce the use of alcohol.
People with regular risk factors should be wary of excessive drinking, sudden exposure to cold, severe stress, excessive exercise or overwork which can cause a stroke. The number of deaths due to cardiovascular disease, such as myocardial infarction and stroke, increases sharply from October to March when the weather cools.
The Fire Department issued a press release on the same day, urging people to call 911 immediately if they have stroke symptoms, such as slurred speech or paralysis.
According to the Fire Department, a stroke should be treated with surgery and other treatments within 3 to 4.5 hours of the onset of symptoms at the latest. If the golden age is missed, it is a disease that can cause death or permanent dysfunction, so it is important to detect and treat it early.
The Fire Department has developed a pre-hospital severity classification system in conjunction with the Ministry of Health and Welfare, and is trialling a transfer system where serious patients such as stroke patients are quickly transferred to major hospitals and patients who are not they are urgently sent to small hospitals. hospitals.
From November, together with the Stroke Association, we intend to set up a one-stop system for stroke patients to receive pre-hospital and hospital-level treatment.
Copyrights ⓒ Yonhap News. Unauthorized reproduction and redistribution prohibited