An hour ago
China landed its first Mars rover on Mars. Xinhua News Agency reported that’Tianyuan 1’successfully landed on the Mars Utopia Plain on the morning of the 15th.
Tianyuan 1 consists of an orbiter, a lander, and an exploration rover. Among them, the exploration rover’Kurung (祝融)’ is a solar exploration robot with six wheels.
Kowloon plans to conduct exploration of the Mars surface for about three months. The goal is to find water and ice and analyze the soil and rock composition.
Landing on Mars has never been easier. With this success, China became the second country to successfully settle on Mars after the United States.
In ancient Chinese mythology,’Kowloon’, which means the god of fire, appeared in Tenwon No. 1 and went on the long run. Tenwon 1 successfully entered Mars orbit in February, and collected data while orbiting.
The distance between Earth and Mars is currently less than 300 million kilometers. Since it takes about 18 minutes for radio waves to travel from Mars to Earth, real-time control is not possible.
The process of landing on Mars is very difficult. Mars’ atmospheric density is only 1% of the Earth’s atmosphere, so it has less atmospheric friction that can slow down when a spacecraft descends.
Tianyuan 1 entered Mars orbit, stayed there for a while, descended, and attempted to land.
The Kowloon was first separated by an orbital line and then quickly rushed toward the surface, protected by a heat shield. Then he deployed a large parachute to slow down the descent. Then, it landed on Mars while slowing down further with the probed reverse-propelled rocket.
Now, Kowloon plans to explore the surface of Mars for the next 90 days. A day on Mars is 24 hours and 39 minutes.
The Kowloon looks similar to Spirit and Opportunity, a rover developed by NASA in the 2000s. It weighs 240kg and is powered by solar panels.
Kowloon is equipped with six types of equipment: cameras, sensors to analyze soil and rock composition, radar to search for ice in the ground, weather observation equipment, and magnetic field detectors.