ORLANDO, Fla. (AP) – When the population grew last year, cities in central Florida grew with stadiums.
Last year Metro Orlando grew 60,000 residents, almost as many people as possible to enter Camping World Stadium in the city, where the college football bowls teams go out each winter.
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The Tampa area grew last year at 51,000 residents, more than the number of fans who can enter Tropicana Field, where the baseball at Tampa Bay is in the city.
This growth grew from mid-2017 to mid-2018 to bring these two into the upper layer of the nation's fastest growing metro areas, according to figures provided by the US Census Bureau on Thursday.
Only Texas grew more people than Florida last year, and the importance of thousands of new residents to Florida's central cities increases the importance of the next election of the Interstate 4 corridor, already the fastest part of the nation's volatility situation. This explosive growth also helps with Florida's chances of gaining extra congresses – and presidential electors – after the 2020 census.
Orlando was the nation's fifth largest increase for metro fields in pure numbers, with the exception of Dallas, Phoenix, Houston and Atlanta. Tampa arrived at No. 9.
In Tampa, growth was driven entirely by newcomers. Without this inward migration, Tampa would have lost population – less than 900 people died. About two thirds of new entrants came from US states.
In Orlando, this migration dynamic was converted, with about two thirds of newcomers coming from outside the US 50 states. After Hurricane Maria devastated Puerto Rico in September 2017, thousands of Puerto Ricans moved to the Orlando area, but Thursday's Census did not release the amount of new Orlando people who came from the island.
For the sixth part of metro, Orlando's population grew last year from the natural increase in births over death, with the remainder resulting from migration.
The intense growth was not confined to large cities and included less metros along Interstate 4, the east-west highway that manifests through central Florida, the third most populous state in the country with 21.3 million inhabitants.
In the Lakeland-Winter Haven area, midway between Tampa and Orlando on Interstate 4, the nation had the fourth highest growth rate at 3.2%, not exceeding Midland, Texas; Myrtle Beach, South Carolina; and St. George, Utah.
The Villages, the retirement community to the north of Orlando, grew by 3.1%, taking it at No. 6 your growth rate.
While growth is an economic driver of construction and consumption in these cities, there are also consequences, such as Orlando and Tampa struggling to keep pace with affordable housing, officials said.
Orlando was ranked in No. 1 and No. Tampa No. 9 large metro areas with the most severe shortages of affordable housing for low income households, according to a recent study by the National Low Income Housing Alliance.
Due to the traditionally low wage in tourism, Orlando's most visible industry, affordable housing is a top priority for county officials seeking to accelerate the approval process for more affordable housing, said Olan Hill, assistant manager. in Orange County planning division, the largest county in the Orlando four metro county area.
"We need to create the carrot to attract developers to build more affordable housing options," said Hill.
South Florida remained the largest metro area in Florida, and one of the largest in the nation. The area had a population of 6.2 million including Miami, Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach, making it the seventh largest in the United States.
While more than 58,000 inhabitants of South Florida left last year, their flight was offset by an influx of nearly 93,000 residents from abroad and a natural growth of nearly 15,000 people.
Since the last ten-year census in 2010, the South Florida and the Orlando metro both have grown due to medium-city. South Florida added over 632,000 people, and Orlando metro added 439,000 people, increasing its population to 2.6 million.
Last year, the Florida Keys decreased by 1,600 residents, and most people fell from moving away. Hurricane Irma, in September 2017, damaged 4,000 homes in the Kells, most of which related to the island's affordable housing stock, said Helene Wetherington, Monroe County disaster recovery director.
"I totally feel that many people relocated they couldn't get other housing," Wetherington said.