Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 29. Title: Climbing, to achieve high-level technological independence and self-reliance! —— General Secretary Xi Jinping’s “Mobilization Order” at the 10th National Congress of the Chinese Association for Science and Technology at the Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Sciences pointed out the direction for the majority of scientific and technological workers.
Xinhua News Agency reporter
At a grand event concerning the country’s scientific and technological innovation and development plan, China issued a declaration of “strive to achieve high-level scientific and technological self-reliance” to the world.
“Practice has proved that my country’s independent innovation career is very promising! The vast number of scientific and technological workers in my country are very promising!”
On the 28th, General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered important speeches at the 20th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the 15th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the 10th National Congress of the Chinese Association for Science and Technology, which pointed to the scientific and technological workers in the new era. The mission and the direction of struggle are the new scientific “Journeyman” and “mobilization order.”
The academicians and scientific and technological workers of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Sciences who participated in the conference said that they must carefully study and understand the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech, shoulder the important tasks entrusted by history, and be the pioneer of scientific and technological innovation in the new era, and strive to build a world scientific and technological power.
From “marching towards science” to “building a world power in science and technology”, from “innovation-driven development” to “high-level technological self-reliance” … Chinese science and technology continue to climb the peak, and the melody of innovation becomes more and more vigorous.
On May 15, aerospace researchers celebrated the successful landing of my country’s first Mars exploration mission to Mars in the command hall of the Beijing Aerospace Flight Control Center. The scientific research team confirmed based on the telemetry signal sent by the “Zhurong” Mars rover that at 7:18 on May 15th, the Tianwen 1 Landing Patrol successfully landed in the pre-selected landing area in the southern Mars Utopia Plain, and my country’s first Mars exploration mission successfully landed on Mars .Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Jin Liwang
Set the location, grasp the key, and strive to achieve high-level technological self-reliance
At the meeting on the 28th, General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly pointed out: “Science and technology will lead to the nation’s standing, and science and technology will lead to a strong country.” Adhering to the party’s leadership over the cause of science and technology is the key support for strengthening science and technology.
From the “spring of science” to the “spring of innovation”, from the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education, the strategy of reinvigorating the country with talents, to the strategy of innovation-driven development, from independent innovation to the realization of high-level scientific and technological self-reliance…everything in the development of my country’s scientific and technological undertaking by the Party Central Committee All key nodes have made major strategic deployments to firmly grasp the correct direction of my country’s scientific and technological innovation and development.
“General Secretary Xi Jinping stood on the strategic overall situation of the development of the party and the country, highly summarized the historical changes and achievements made in my country’s science and technology industry, and profoundly clarified the major issues of achieving high-level scientific and technological self-reliance in the new development stage.” Academician Li Xiaohong, Dean of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said, “The speech contains the historical consciousness of contemporary Chinese Communists on innovation as the’first driving force’, which points out the direction for accelerating the construction of a world scientific and technological power.”
In today’s world, major changes unseen in a century are accelerating and evolving. Technological innovation has become the main battlefield in the international strategic game. Technological innovation has shown an acceleration trend in terms of breadth, depth, speed, and precision.
Entering a new stage of development, realizing the economic and social development goals during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, and embarking on a new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way, putting forward more urgent requirements for accelerating scientific and technological innovation.
The warm atmosphere at the venue impressed Academician Zhou Qi, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences: “In his speech, General Secretary Xi Jinping deeply analyzed the position of my country’s science and technology industry. In the face of a new round of rapid technological revolution and industrial transformation, the Party Central Committee Actively recognizing changes and adapting to changes, we have formulated an overall strategy for China’s science and technology from independent innovation to achieving a high level of self-reliance.”
“Chang’e 5” and Mars exploration. General Secretary Xi Jinping mentioned these two major research missions. It is an honor for Academician Wu Weiren, the chief designer of China’s lunar exploration project. “If we couldn’t take risks in the first place and step back, I’m afraid we would not reach the current level of innovation.” Wu Weiren said with emotion, “We science and technology workers have to face problems, face difficulties, and shoulder the important tasks entrusted by the times.”
On December 4, 2020, the National Space Administration announced the photos of the lunar exploration project Chang’e-5 probe displayed on the lunar surface of the national flag. The panoramic camera of the Chang’e-5 lander and ascender combined a panoramic camera. The five-star red flag was successfully deployed on the lunar surface. In addition, the robotic arm and sampler that have completed surface sampling can be seen above the image. Issued by Xinhua News Agency (Photo courtesy of China National Space Administration)
As a representative of the high-end equipment manufacturing industry, General Secretary Xi Jinping misses every new breakthrough made by domestically produced large aircraft.
“At present, the C919 passenger aircraft is undergoing test flights in many places across the country, and strive to obtain a test flight certificate by the end of this year.” said Academician Wu Guanghui, the chief designer of the C919 large passenger aircraft, “we want to bring back the general secretary’s care and the requirements for large aircraft to inspire everyone Win the battle for key core technologies, establish a safe and stable industrial chain and supply chain, and let China’s large aircraft soar into the sky.”
On May 5, 2017, the domestically-made large passenger aircraft C919 successfully flew for the first time at Shanghai Pudong International Airport.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ding Ting
Academician Wang Chi, director of the National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that my country’s space science and deep space exploration have taken an important step compared to the past, but there is still a lot of gap compared with the international advanced level. In the future, we will continue to innovate in scientific thinking and make continuous breakthroughs in space technology, so as to make due contributions to a powerful country in space and science and technology.
Basic research and applied basic research are like the “squat approach” of technological innovation. Squat deep, the explosive power is strong; fast approach, can jump farther.
The research on control theory conducted by Academician Guo Lei, director of the National Center for Mathematics and Interdisciplinary Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is the foundation of automation technology. “General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that strengthening basic research is an inevitable requirement for scientific and technological self-reliance.” Guo Lei said, “High-level scientific and technological self-reliance is not a low-level repetition. We must strive to make more high-level achievements in mathematical algorithms and control algorithms. Level results.”
Academician Wang Xi, who has been engaged in the research of chip materials for a long time, has personal experience of the pain of lack of “core”, and also deeply feels the great responsibility. “Large silicon wafers are the core material for chip manufacturing. In the past, they were completely dependent on imports. Through the efforts of the past few years, the large silicon wafers manufactured independently have been mass-produced and we are working hard to further expand the scale.” Wang Xi said, “We must follow President Xi Jinping. According to the secretary’s request, scientific and technological research must be problem-oriented and tackle the most urgent and pressing problems.”
The Barong 5000 chip and the 5G industrial module equipped with the chip taken on October 23, 2019.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Mao Siqian
Do subtraction, promote vitality, and guarantee time is to protect innovation ability
“Guarantee time is to protect the ability to innovate-these words of the General Secretary are really amazing!” Academician Zhong Nanshan, winner of the “Medal of the Republic”, praised sincerely.
Faced with the schedule of his work arrangements, Zhong Nanshan is sometimes helpless: “I sometimes have to’platform’ and shoot videos!” Often, the old academician has time to do something in his own field only after he has finished many trivial tasks in the evening. the study.
On September 8, 2020, the National Commendation Conference for Fighting the New Coronary Pneumonia Epidemic was grandly held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. This is the speech of Academician Zhong Nanshan, winner of the “Medal of the Republic”.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi
Regarding the “unspeakable concealment” of scientific and technological workers, General Secretary Xi Jinping hit the nail on the head: “There are fewer scientific and technical personnel to participate in various occasional and entertainment activities, and there will be no loss!”
At this conference, the general secretary specifically pointed out: “In 1961, the central government once proposed’guarantee scientific and technological personnel to have 5 days a week to engage in scientific research. The guarantee time is to protect the ability to innovate!”
“‘Never allow scientific and technical personnel to spend a lot of time on some unnecessary welcoming and sending activities, unnecessary review and evaluation activities, and various formalistic and bureaucratic activities!” The words came out, There was thunderous applause from the audience.” said Jiang Peng, the top ten representative of the China Association for Science and Technology and the chief engineer of “China Sky Eye”, “The general secretary attaches great importance to the role of scientific and technological workers. The personnel themselves must be self-reliant.”
Focusing on scientific research and focusing on the main business are “must answer questions” to further enhance innovation capabilities. High-level scientific and technological workers must consciously be the vanguard of high-level scientific and technological self-reliance.
“Scientific research is the love of scientific and technological workers. If it is not for some external interference, the vast majority of researchers would like to take good care of their careers.” said Academician Li Jiabiao, director of the Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration. It is very exciting to establish a guarantee mechanism that allows researchers to focus on scientific research. As an academician, we must take the lead in taking root in academic research.”
“Two bombs and one star”, hybrid rice, combating the new crown pneumonia epidemic… Whether it is a major scientific and technological breakthrough related to the national economy and people’s livelihood, or a public health emergency that has attracted worldwide attention, the professionalism and vigor demonstrated by the academicians of the two academies are in history and people An indelible mark was left in his heart.
“Academicians should have the spirit of national scholars, and truly fulfill the people’s inner expectation of academicians’ wealth of the country, the pride of the people, and the glory of the nation.” Many academicians said that on the one hand, they must serve the country scientifically and climb the summit bravely, in major scientific and technological fields. Continuously make new breakthroughs; on the other hand, we must take the lead in resisting the unhealthy trends such as exaggeration and impetuosity and quick success and quick gains, and stick to the academic and honorable academician title.
Hard power and soft power, in the final analysis, depend on the strength of talents.
“To strengthen original and leading scientific and technological research, the key is to have talents and build a high-level innovative talent training system.” Zhao Gang, deputy secretary of the Party Committee of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics and top ten representative of the China Association for Science and Technology, said that universities should pay more attention to In order to cultivate first-class talents in various practices of basic frontier research and key technology research, the society should become a high ground for innovative talents in various industries and fields, and guide talents in various fields to better serve the country and society.
From scratch, from weak to strong, the time and space of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation shines with the dazzling light of generations of scientists struggling forward.
“Our country’s education is able to cultivate masters. We must have this confidence! The words of the general secretary are very impressive.” Wang Qimin, specially invited representative, national honorary title of “People’s Model” and Daqing “New Iron Man” I have deep feelings, and innovation needs to cultivate more leading talents, “it is necessary to have the “hard work” of the iron man, the “stupid” of the “ten years of sharpening a sword”, and the “wisdom” of learning from various characters and things.”
“‘Break the four only’, set a new standard,’innovate regardless of origin’… The words of the general secretary are exciting.” Qin Yongming, the top ten representative of the China Association for Science and Technology and the general manager of Aerospace Rainbow UAV Co., Ltd., looks forward to building a more scientific The talent evaluation system further establishes the correct employment orientation, encourages the development of talents, and mobilizes the innovative potential of talents.
Promote reforms, release constraints, and form a powerful force for advancing technological innovation
“It is necessary to improve the new nationwide system under the conditions of the socialist market economy”, “guide the effective allocation of innovation resources through market demand”, “form a powerful force for advancing scientific and technological innovation”… General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech at the conference is to form a support for comprehensive innovation The basic system points the way.
Academician Qiao Jie, Dean of Peking University Third Hospital, feels that the responsibility is great: “It is the only way for us to become a major science center and innovation highland in the world to form a’two-wheel drive’ for technological innovation and institutional innovation.”
Twisting all forces into one strand is the system advantage of socialism, and it is also the confidence of the Chinese scientific and technological community to face up to the problems and rise to the difficulties.
Nie Hong, the top ten representative of the China Association for Science and Technology and vice president of the Sinopec Research Institute of Petroleum and Chemical Technology, said that optimizing the allocation of scientific and technological resources, establishing an efficient scientific research and innovation organization system, carrying out major scientific and technological tasks in the “big corps combat” mode, and exerting concentrated forces The advantage of the system to handle major events can speed up the solution of the “stuck neck” problem.
“To achieve high-level scientific and technological self-reliance, scientific researchers must do more original and leading-oriented innovation.” said Hao Wei, the top ten representative of the Chinese Association for Science and Technology and the deputy director of the Xi’an Institute of Optics and Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. With contribution as the core evaluation orientation, a complete evaluation system is needed to “escort”.
“Giving scientists greater power to decide on technological routes and the use of funds”, “implementation of the chief technologist accountability system, funding contract system, and credit commitment system”, “building an open and innovative ecosystem”… The blueprint for reform has inspired scientific and technological workers.
As a new type of scientific research institution, Zhijiang Laboratories adopts a “lenient entry and strict exit” scientific research funding quota authorization system, allowing scientists to flexibly allocate or add funds as needed. “This institutional arrangement is based on trust in scientists and respect for scientific research projects, which greatly stimulates the enthusiasm of scientific researchers.” Zheng Yuhua, deputy director of Zhijiang Laboratory and the top ten representative of the China Association for Science and Technology, said that scientific research activities must return to the essence. It is necessary to follow the laws of scientific research to design key system guarantees.
Representatives of Zhejiang University and Zhijiang Laboratory introduced the “Neuromorphic brain-like computer with billions of neurons” at the “World Internet Leading Scientific and Technological Achievement Release” event (photographed on November 23, 2020).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Huang Zongzhi
The conference will continue to be held. Some academicians will hold reports on promoting the spirit of scientists and strengthening the construction of the style of study around topics such as scientific research integrity, and the China Association for Science and Technology will also issue relevant initiatives to scientific and technological workers across the country.
“Treasure your academic reputation as you cherish your eyes, and never touch the’red line’ of scientific research.” Academicians and representatives of scientific and technological workers participating in the conference said one after another.
On August 19, 2013, Academician Yuan Longping checked the growth of rice in the fourth phase of Yuan Longping Super Rice Research Demonstration Film in Liande Village, Huangguan Town, Guanyang County, Guilin City, Guangxi Province.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lu Boan
Gong Qihuang, the top ten representative of the China Association for Science and Technology and executive vice president of Peking University, said that Yuan Longping was still working at the hybrid rice base two months before his death, and Wu Mengchao insisted on going to the operating table at the age of 96. This set an outstanding example for us. Science must not be false. Only by studying real problems and doing real knowledge can we achieve high-level technological independence and self-reliance.
Academician Wu Mengchao, who is nearly 90 years old, analyzes the patient’s MRI results after surgery (photographed on April 13, 2011). Issued by Xinhua News Agency (photographed by Zhang Peng)
“To achieve high-level scientific and technological self-reliance, in the long run, we must focus on creating and cultivating an advanced academic and innovative culture, starting from the children, and fostering a culture of honesty, truth-seeking, and innovation. Researchers must always have a’big country’ in mind. ”, adhere to the “four aspects”, draw forward strength from the party’s centuries of struggle, and strive to form a good situation of scientific and technological innovation and development.” Wang, Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and Dean of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Academician Chen said. (Reporters Chen Fang, Dong Ruifeng, Wang Linlin, Zhang Quan, Wen Jinghua)
【Editor in charge: Xu Kun】