Home World Controversy for and against ‘Korean nuclear armament’ spreads among US experts

Controversy for and against ‘Korean nuclear armament’ spreads among US experts

by news dir

“South Korea and the United States and the United States will eventually be armed with nuclear weapons when confronted with trust issues”
“Reliability concerns are exaggerated … not at the level of extreme measures”
Some presidential contenders claim tactical nuclear weapons, etc. … U.S. “non-proliferation” firm

news/2021/10/27/l_2021102701003531600303801.webp” loading=”lazy”>

Articles such as Toby Dalton, director of the Carnegie International Peace Fund’s Nuclear Policy Program, refute the claims of Jennifer Lind and Darryl Press of Dartmouth College that the United States should tolerate nuclear armament of South Korea.

In the United States, there is a debate about the pros and cons of nuclear armament in South Korea, led by diplomats and security scholars.

While some South Korean presidential candidates have advocated for tactical nuclear redeployment, nuclear sharing, or self-developed nuclear weapons, the US policy of ‘non-proliferation’ is firm. In a video interview hosted by the Korea-US Research Institute on the 23rd of last month (local time), Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Korea-Japan Affairs Mark Lambert said, “All I can say is that the US policy does not support it. “I’m just amazed that the people who made those promises don’t even know what America’s policy is,” he said.

Nevertheless, the debate in the US media about the pros and cons of South Korea’s own nuclear armament is evaluated as evidence that the strategic security environment on the Korean Peninsula is changing. In a situation where North Korea has emerged as a de facto nuclear power and the debate on denuclearization continues to stagnate, concerns over strategies to protect the security of South Korea and the United States against threats from China and North Korea are deepening in American society as well.

Jennifer Lind and Darryl Press, professors at Dartmouth University in the United States, published an article in the Washington Post on the 7th (local time) titled ‘Should Korea make its own nuclear bomb?’ sparked a debate. They argued that the ROK-US alliance was plagued by strong geopolitical forces and that the only way to save it could be South Korea’s independent nuclear program, which the US considers unimaginable.

Although the United States has made China its top priority for foreign policy, South Korea has no choice but to take into account its relationship with China, its largest trading partner and neighbor. In addition, the advancement of North Korea’s nuclear missile capability, capable of attacking the US mainland, has raised concerns about whether the US can trust the US defense promise, they pointed out. North Korea is highly likely to use nuclear weapons against South Korea in wartime, but it is said that the United States has become concerned about whether the United States will be able to take retaliation at the expense of the people of the mainland. “As a result, the alliance faces a problem of trust,” they said.

The two professors said that European members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) faced similar problems during the US-US Cold War in the 1950s. . However, because the US is not interested in sharing nuclear weapons with South Korea because of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), and it is not likely to increase US forces in Korea, South Korea may choose to have its own nuclear weapons, they explained. It said that its own nuclear armament could counter the North Korean threat and offset China’s political influence. In particular, they argued that South Korea’s possession of nuclear weapons is legal and justified based on Article 10 of the NPT, which states that ‘in an emergency that jeopardizes its terrestrial interests’, it can avoid criticism and sanctions from the international community.

Regarding this, Toby Dalton, director of the nuclear policy program at the Carnegie International Peace Fund, a non-proliferation expert, wrote on the 26th that “Korea has developed its own nuclear bomb” in a security magazine, War on the Rocks, with Lauren Sukin, a doctoral candidate at Stanford University. It should not be developed.

Dalton and others argued that “South Korea’s acquisition of nuclear weapons is counterproductive and dangerous, and will worsen the security of the alliance and South Korea.” Contrary to what Professor Lind Press argued, South Korea’s nuclear armament means that it will further intensify pressure and threats from China and North Korea. They said that it is clear that China’s economic pressure poses a threat to South Korea, just as China inflicted enormous economic damage on South Korea through unofficial sanctions when South Korea decided to deploy the US high-altitude missile defense system (THAAD) in 2017. said. However, while South Korea is wary of the U.S.-China relationship moving toward a new Cold War, the New Southern Policy is contributing to the U.S. policy to contain China, and supporting the U.S.’ free and open Indo-Pacific policy. They claim that they have the ability to respond to the Chinese problem without it.

Dalton and others analyzed that concerns about the reliability of the ROK-U.S. alliance were exaggerated compared to reality, even when it was pointed out that South Korea has entered a stage where it is not sure whether it can rely on the protection of the United States. He said that the credibility of the ROK-U.S. alliance has become problematic while experiencing pressure to raise defense costs during the US administration of Donald Trump, but it is not at the level of mobilizing extreme measures such as nuclear armament.

They accuse North Korea of ​​even accusing North Korea of ​​of of of a nuclear war exercise and raising tensions with threatening statements. pointed out that it may be possible to take The fact that even a low-level conflict could fall into the paradox of turning into a nuclear war, rather than the fact that nuclear armament promoted to counter the great threat from North Korea.

“Rather than expanding the role of nuclear weapons to respond to threats from China and North Korea, South Korea and the United States should focus on making their alliance stronger in the face of multiple conflict scenarios that are likely to arise,” they said. further support for the development of conventional forces and strategies in

.

Related Articles

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.