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Brazil’s new crown death toll has exceeded 400,000, making it the second highest number of deaths caused by the new crown in the world.The country has also become the focus of attention of another world besides India due to the severe epidemic。
In addition to the emergency of the epidemic, Brazil’s senior officials have recently shelled that Chinese vaccines are not as effective as European and American vaccines, and claimed that “China has invented the new crown virus”, which has caused dissatisfaction with the Chinese side. This casts a shadow over the original close ties between the two countries. In this epidemic, Brazil became an overseas test base for Chinese vaccines, and China provided Brazil with the largest supply of vaccines.
The focus of controversy: Brazilian senior officials vaccinated with Coxing
On April 27, Brazilian Minister of Economy Paulo Guedes unexpectedly declared at a meeting of the Brazilian Health Commission: “The Chinese have invented the new crown virus. Their vaccine is not as effective as the United States. The Americans have invested 100 years in research. Pfizer (Pfizer) The vaccine is worse than the others.”
Brazil currently has four vaccines for the public to vaccinate, including China Kexing Vaccine, Pfizer Vaccine, AstraZeneca Vaccine and Johnson & Johnson Vaccine.
According to local media reports, Gerdes did not know that the meeting was being broadcast live on social media. After the meeting, the Brazilian Ministry of Health immediately removed the film from the official website. And Gerdes himself was vaccinated with China’s Sinovac vaccine on March 27.
The spokesperson of the Chinese Embassy in Brazil responded on April 29, “As China is doing its utmost to overcome difficulties to provide Brazil with vaccines and vaccine stock solutions, the remarks made by senior officials of the Brazilian government are contrary to the creation of a good atmosphere for bilateral cooperation. The will of China is contrary to the facts. China expresses its dissatisfaction with this.”
Regarding the issue of virus tracing, China stated that “virus tracing is a scientific issue and should be researched by scientists from all over the world. Since the outbreak, China has been publishing information openly and transparently, supporting scientists from various countries to carry out scientific research on the source and transmission of the virus. WHO experts were invited to China to carry out traceability studies, and relevant research conclusions have been announced. All parties should respect science and respect the opinions and conclusions of scientists.
The Chinese side mentioned in the statement that China is the country that provides the most vaccines or vaccine stocks to the international community, including Brazil. Brazil signed an agreement with China in early 2021 to purchase 100 million doses of Coxing vaccine.
The epidemic in China was under control earlier, and the trial was transferred to Brazil when clinical conditions in China were lacking. From July 21st to December 16th, 2020, the clinical trial of China Kexing vaccine was conducted in Brazil. Data from the Phase III clinical trial of China Kexing Vaccine released by a Brazilian laboratory on April 11 showed that the vaccine has a protective effect of 50.7% for all new coronary cases including mild cases that do not require medical treatment, and it has obvious symptoms. And the protective effect of new coronary cases requiring medical treatment is 83.7%.
The 50.7% effective power of Kexing vaccine just hit the World Health Organization’s approval threshold. The WHO will also review the vaccine on May 3 to decide whether to recommend it for emergency use.
How serious is the Brazilian epidemic
Behind Brazilian officials’ bombardment of China’s low vaccine efficiency, there is an indisputable fact that the number of deaths from the domestic epidemic in Brazil has reached a new high. Brazil’s death toll due to the new crown has exceeded 400,000, and the death toll ranks second in the world. The average number of deaths and confirmed cases in Brazil in the last 14 days is still high, but there has been a slight decline.
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has often publicly opposed measures such as blockades and wearing masks, and has defended unproven medications. He is facing widespread criticism and his approval rating has fallen sharply.
More transmissible virus variants and lack of coordinated epidemic prevention measures contribute to the outbreak of the epidemic. After Brazil’s states and municipalities implemented restrictions, the situation has improved, including in many areas where the health system is on the verge of collapse, but these restrictions have been relaxed.
According to health agency Fiocruz, the occupancy rate of intensive care units in more than one-third of the states is still 90% or more, and the agency said the situation is still “critical.”
Brazil recorded 100,000 deaths in just 37 days between March and April, which are the worst months in the country. Since the outbreak of the new crown pandemic, Brazil has more than 14.5 million confirmed cases.
At the same time, due to the shortage of vaccines, some cities have to temporarily suspend vaccination plans. According to “Our World of Data” tracking data, about 13% of Brazil’s 212 million people have received at least one dose of the vaccine.
Analysis: Brazil’s president’s approval rate drops as the death toll increases
Mark Lowen, BBC reporterFromSao paulo
This is a terrible number. If vaccines could be purchased faster and the lockdown could be implemented at that time, the number of deaths in Brazil might not reach this number. But President Bolsonaro has been reluctant to take action against the epidemic. So Brazil is now mourning more than 400,000 dead.
Only about 13% of Brazilians received one dose of vaccine and 6% of the population received two doses: slow procurement was one of the issues investigated by the Senate because the Brazilian government rejected tens of millions of vaccines from Pfizer last year. Parliament may recommend impeachment of the president or even criminal charges.
Bolsonaro was as bullish as ever, threatening to send troops to stop the blockades of the states. His supporters claim that the government cannot buy the vaccine earlier because it is waiting for approval from Brazilian health regulators.
The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated political divisions in Brazil. Bolsonaro is using his conservative support base. But opinion polls show that as Brazil continues to count its deaths, this basis is shrinking.
The investigation may increase calls for impeachment of the president, although analysts say this is unlikely. But the proceedings and possible disclosure will cause serious damage to Bolsonaro, and he will almost certainly seek re-election next year.
Bolsonaro said he was “not worried” about the investigation. Since the beginning of the pandemic, he has always opposed any blockade measures, believing that the economic damage will be more serious than the impact of the virus itself, and many of his supporters also hold this position.