Figure ①: Primary school students visit the autonomous underwater robot model in the China Ocean Sample Museum of the First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources.
At Ellen Bay Marine Ranch in Rongcheng City, Shandong Province, farming workers drive fishing boats to haul a sampan full of seaweed back to the pier.
General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized during his inspection in Guangdong: “It is necessary to strengthen the general planning of land and sea, mutual support between mountains and seas, strengthen the general plan of Hong Kong, industry and cities, strengthen marine ecological protection, and build a strong maritime nation comprehensively.” The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed to “develop an ocean economy, protect the marine ecological environment, and accelerate the construction of marine power.” How to strengthen the construction of maritime power and promote the high-quality development of the maritime economy?Several members of the CPPCC National Committee expressed their opinions and suggestions.
Improve the marine industry system and improve the development level of the marine industry
Member Cheng Yongbo, President of Nanjing University of Finance and Economics:
In recent years, my country’s grain production has been tremendous year after year, and the jobs of more than 1.4 billion Chinese people have become more secure and stable. But at the same time, with economic and social development and the improvement of urbanization level, the food consumption structure of urban and rural residents has been continuously upgraded, especially the demand for animal protein consumption has shown rigid growth, leading to continuous growth. an increase in the gap between the supply and demand of feed grain. Facing 2035, my country’s national income level will enter the ranks of moderately developed countries, there is still much room to upgrade the food consumption structure, the limitations on the terrestrial ecological resources and the environment will become tighter , and the supply of food and food will be. major agricultural products will face challenges.
In order to ensure the food security of my country and meet the growing food consumption needs of the inhabitants, and at the same time reduce the impact of food production on arable land, it is recommended to realize “grain storage in the sea” as well. to “storage grain in the ground” and “storage grain in technology”, and is actively building the “granary at sea” will speed up the process of forming a new highland for national food security.
Building a “granary at sea” requires the use of high technology in the marine field, the rational development and use of marine biological resources, the effective promotion of docking of marine fisheries and related industries, and the realization of high quality. develop the entire industrial chain. In the implementation process, it is recommended to do good work in three aspects: first, strengthen top-level design and management, especially in general planning, supervision and evaluation, legal construction, etc., to promote positive interaction and organic integration between top-level design and inspection on the ground; Coordinate and optimize the marine fisheries scientific research plan, strengthen the construction of innovation platforms, integrate scientific and technological strength and management experience to carry out key bottleneck technology research around core industries in the fields of mariculture, marine fishing, and marine aquatic product processing, and create full industrial chain of marine fisheries; The transformation and upgrading of the fisheries industry encourages mergers and corporate reorganization, increases industrial concentration, and promotes large-scale and intensive operations. at the same time, it accelerates the transformation of marine farming from the sea to the deep sea, and the expansion of marine fishing from the sea to distant seas, in order to promote the high-quality development of the marine fisheries industry.
China’s seventh industry shipbuilding Corporation