Insect-borne diseases such as leishmaniasis, encephalitis and dengue fever are elevated and are now scattered in many parts of Europe, in a recent study.
Disease outbreaks of these illnesses are increasing due to ongoing climate change and international trade and travel expansion, Saturday's Amsterdam European Conference of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Disease.
Although these types of diseases have not previously affected Europe, particularly those with higher levels and heights in some parts of northern Europe, they are now at risk of outbreaks unless swift action is taken to share data. and improving surveillance in the areas, the experts said.
"Climate change is not the only, or even the key, factor that stimulates an increase in vector-borne diseases across Europe, but is one of the many factors in globalization, socio-economic development, urbanization. T and extensive land use changes that need to be addressed in order to limit import and spread, ”said leading author Professor Jan Semenza, European Center for Disease Prevention and Control in Stockholm.
Giovanni Rezza, of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità in Rome supported this statement. “Lessons from recent outbreaks of the West Nile virus in North America and the Caribbean chikungunya virus and Italy show the importance of assessing future vertebrate disease risks,” he said.
Another reason for Dialog warming is global warming fever because it allowed ticks, mosquitoes and other insects that carry diseases and adapt to the sudden change in seasons. It has also allowed these insects to attack new territories in Europe in recent years and this study has been created due to recent dengue outbreaks in Croatia and France, malaria in Greece, West Nile fever in southeast Europe and chikungunya in France and Italy.
In previous years, dengue is known to go to tropical and subtropical regions because the cold climate in countries with a winter season kills larvae and eggs of mosquitos. Countries with hot seasons may allow mosquitos to survive and spread.
“Due to the continued spread of invasive mosquitoes and other vectors across Europe, we have to anticipate outbreaks and move to intervene early,” says Semenza.
"Public health agencies need to improve surveillance, for example through early warning systems, and increased awareness of the potential risks among healthcare workers and the general public."