Home World European ally, Putin warns of ‘red line’… building a public encirclement

European ally, Putin warns of ‘red line’… building a public encirclement

by news dir

Biden’s first trip diplomatic settlement

US President Joe Biden smiles broadly after signing a bill designating June 19 as a public holiday at the White House on the 17th. [로이터=연합뉴스]

The diplomatic clock of the Joe Biden administration is moving fast. On the 17th (local time), the day after President Biden’s European tour, the White House announced that it was considering a summit with Chinese President Xi Jinping. At the briefing on the results of his European tour, he immediately brought up China, the next ‘destination’.

European countries join the mass common front
After returning to Korea, hold a summit meeting with Xi Jinping
Expected to be completed during the G20 summit in October
Korea’s urgent diplomacy in line with U.S.-China competition

White House National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said in a briefing that “President Biden will look for opportunities to engage with Xi in the future.” ” he said. “I would like to mention that both leaders are highly likely to attend the G20 summit to be held in Italy in October,” he said.

In this regard, diplomats say that after President Biden took office, he met Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga (April) and President Moon Jae-in (May) at the White House, and went on his first European tour (June), which he made as a ‘main event’ It is evaluated that it is in the process of negotiating with President Xi. In fact, on a tour of Europe on the 9th, President Biden said, “The goal is to clearly show to Putin and China that the relationship between Europe and the United States is strong by strengthening the alliance.” In summary, the goal of the tour was to inform the world that “the United States is back”, to rally allies to counter China, and to warn Russia of the ‘red line’.

Graphic = Reporter Lee Jung-kwon gaga@joongang.co.kr

Graphic = Reporter Lee Jung-kwon [email protected]

①“America is back”= President Biden, who stood in front of US soldiers for the first time after arriving in the UK, declared, “America is back.” This expression was not omitted at the summits of the G7 and NATO. Literally, it is a key keyword in Biden’s foreign policy.

Biden said in his inaugural address in January that he would return to the position of world leader, saying that he would “restore alliances and work with the world once again.” It was a report that the United States, which claimed to be isolated due to former President Donald Trump’s “America First” policy, was returning to the stage of multilateral diplomacy. This tour was the first step towards realizing it. The first destination is Europe, which is a traditional military alliance and shares the values ​​of democracy and market economy.

European leaders welcomed the return of the United States. It was a reaction to the four years of pressure from the Trump administration to raise defense spending, threatened to withdraw U.S. troops, and to withdraw from international organizations. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson likened the summit with Biden to “a big breath of fresh air”. French President Emmanuel Macron also welcomed: “It’s wonderful to have a president of the United States who belongs to the club and is willing to cooperate.”

However, European leaders are unable to shake the thought of ‘what will happen in 4 years?’ The New York Times also reported that “Europe is watching with doubt whether Biden will remain in four years or whether there will be a second Trump.”

② Form a mass front with Europe= It was President Xi who did not miss President Biden’s European tour. The G7, NATO, and the European Union (EU) summit joint statement all put strong pressure on China to build a ‘encirclement network’. President Biden inherited the structure of the US-China confrontation sparked by former President Trump. The difference is that former President Donald Trump’s strategy was for the United States to attack China alone, while President Biden’s strategy was to work with an alliance.

Once President Biden succeeded in bringing his European allies into the popular front. The G7 first mentioned China in a joint statement, and NATO in a joint statement last year called China “an opportunity and a challenge”, but this time deleted the ‘opportunity’. Furthermore, the G7 leaders urged China to respect human rights in the Xinjiang Uyghur region and also emphasized peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait. A re-investigation of the origins of COVID-19 has also been proposed.

However, it is considered that there are still limitations. It is pointed out that concrete action plans beyond the immediate declaration are vague. In response to China’s Belt and Road Initiative, President Biden’s “Building the World for a Better (B3W)” plan has yet to determine how it will raise funds to support infrastructure investments in underdeveloped countries. James Lindsey, vice president of the American Foreign Relations Association (CFR), said: “President Biden got the words from the Europeans, but he didn’t get the action.”

The position of each country is also different. Germany, an export powerhouse, does not want a confrontation with China because of its economic relationship. German Chancellor Angela Merkel also stressed that “China is both a rival and a partner on many issues,” adding that “it is important to find the right balance.” It is interpreted that the reason that President Biden invited Merkel to the White House next month was because he felt that more dialogue was necessary.

③ Bind Russia= President Biden met with President Vladimir Putin in Geneva, Switzerland for the last time after working with his Atlantic allies. Analysts say that Biden met Putin from the beginning of his term to inform Russia of the red line.

ABC explained, “It is a strategy for the United States to deal with a bigger enemy, China, after locking Russia in a ‘box’.” Russia is being blamed for meddling in the US presidential election, hacking US government agencies, and ransomware attacks on oil pipeline companies, but it is interpreted that it is necessary to minimize the Russian variable as soon as possible to focus on China. In fact, President Biden gave Putin 16 items of key infrastructure, including energy, telecommunications and water supply, and warned that “these facilities should be subject to a ban on cyberattacks.” This clearly shows where the red line is.

After the White House judged that the goal of containment of Russia had been achieved to some extent during the summit, the White House immediately pushed for a meeting with President Xi. The U.S. has returned, but it is very different from before. It also clearly stated its strategy to gain an edge in the U.S.-China competition with the alliance. The Korean diplomatic clock has also become faster.

Washington = Correspondent Park Hyun-young [email protected]

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