Adelaide researchers will use $ 2.5 million to fight against a fatal form of childhood dementia.
A team from the Health and Medical Research Institute of South Australia will lead the research on the rare Sanfilippo syndrome.
They will use "brain in a dish" technology to see if current drugs can be repeated to help people with the genetic condition.
Sanfilippo syndrome is a positive condition that causes fatal damage to the brain.
After the initial period of normal development, children will have a brain function with hyperactivity, progressive dementia and mobility loss.
Life expectancy is aged between 12 and 20 years of age.
Associate Professor Kim Hemsley said that "brains in dishes" will allow researchers to promote a range of drugs that have already been considered safe for people.
They will transform patients' skin cells into stem cells before they develop into neurological cells, creating an individual indication of the brain.
"We all react to a certain medication, so we can create a personalized treatment plan by using the patient's own cells," said Professor Hemsley.
The Australian South government contributed $ 2 million to the research, and a further $ 500,000 came from the Sanfilippo Children's Foundation.
Teams from Hopsital Women and Adelaide Children and Adelaide University will also help the study.
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