Furthermore, the project developer has announced ambitions to have over 200 new capture plants open by 2030, capable of capturing more than 220 million CO2 annually. Only 10 projects are being developed as FID (Final Investment Decision) in June 2022. However, even at this level, the use of CCUS is significantly underestimated in the IEA’s Net Zero Scenario.
Although some use of CO2 could bring significant climate benefits. But the relatively limited size of the market for these applications means that the main focus must be For CCUS technology, it is CO2 storage.
According to the Net Zero Scenario, more than 95% of the CO2 captured in 2030 is stored underground and less than 5% is used.
that must be understood first Carbon capture and use means a wide range of applications CO2 is captured and used directly, eg without chemical change. or indirectly (transformed) into various products
Currently, around 230 million tonnes of CO2 are consumed each year. Most of it is used directly in the fertilizer industry for urea production (about 130 million tonnes) and for oil recovery processes (about 80 million tonnes).
And it is interesting to note that there are new methods of using CO2 in the production of synthetic fuel. Building chemicals and aggregates are gaining momentum.
By 2030, the amount of CO2 The current project pipeline has shown that around 5 million tonnes of CO2 can be captured for synthetic fuel production. Although this level of consumption is not far off the 7.5 million tonnes of CO2 needed to produce synthetic fuels by 2030, according to the Net Zero Scenario report, half of the projects enacted by CCUS are still in the stages early stages of development and production. and it is likely that more support will be needed to continue.
Using CO2 as a potential source of income for industrial emitters Now with this technology, up to 1 million tonnes of CO2 per year can be captured from industrial sites in Germany for methanol production as part of the HySCALE100 project.
On the Chinese side, CRI (China Radio International) is developing the project. CO2-to-methanol Three projects in China and one in Norway in petrochemical and ferrosilicon plants.
Importantly, this growing share of commercial synthetic fuel projects also includes a number of projects that have plans to obtain some or all of the CO2 from biogenic sources or from the air for carbon neutralization:
- In Norway, the Norsk-e fuel plant is possibly the world’s first large-scale synthetic fuel plant, combining CO2 from pollution sources. Combining point source and airborne CO2 with electrolytic hydrogen to produce 25 million liters of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) by 2024 and up to 100 million liters by 2030.
- Lanzatech and HIF global are studying the feasibility of a project of a similar size. Synthetic air fuel plants are being developed in Canada, Chile and the United States. which may be operational as early as 2025
- In Denmark, the supply of CO2 from bioelectric power plants for fuel is being explored in the Green Fuel for Denmark project, and the use of CO2 in waste-to-energy plants is being explored in Denmark and Portugal.
Implementation of CCUS technology in Thailand
In Thailand, this technology is only part of carbon capture and storage – Carbon Capture and Storage or CCS only, there is no use of CO2 or Usage
PTT Exploration and Production Public Company Limited or PTTEP (PTTEP) had announced that in July bringing knowledge and experience in geology and petroleum engineering from Exploration and Production (E&P) to develop Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) projects to reduce carbon emissions from petroleum production processes. The carbon generated from compressed petroleum production will be returned to existing production wells that are no longer producing. which is a technology that many The country estimates that This is the main technology to reduce carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere in larger quantities than other technologies.
PTTEP is conducting a carbon capture and storage (CCS) trial using an existing production well in the Company-owned Arthit field. used to store carbon in about 4-5 wells. In the first phase, the aim is to store around 1 million tonnes of carbon in the solar field per year. At the moment, it is in the process of a pre-FEED study. CCS technology will be introduced in solar natural gas fields in 2026, which will significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions from petroleum production.
In addition, PTTEP is studying and developing a CCS project in the Lang Lebah field in Malaysia’s SK410B project, which is also a large natural gas field discovered by the Company in Malaysia.
However, the CCS project in Thailand will be possible. It must depend on other relevant elements such as policies, laws and investment promotion factors. This will require support from the government sector and various organizations to push and promote the adoption of CCS technology in Thailand in a concrete way in line with the goal.
It is estimated that In the Gulf of Thailand, non-productive wells can be used to store up to 40 million tonnes of carbon dioxide, but there are legal restrictions on access to the area. In this regard, the state must proceed to amend the regulations. so that it can be used in unowned areas in the Gulf of Thailand