Global Focus of the Week: A Look at Equal Marriage Laws Around the World

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Global Focus of the Week: A Look at Equal Marriage Laws Around the World

equal marriage law or the law of marriage of same-sex couples It allows same-sex couples to legally marry as male and female couples. The first law began in 2000 in the Netherlands. Before many nations gradually enacted same-sex marriage laws To date, equal marriage laws exist in 31 countries and territories around the world, including the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada, Spain, South Africa, Norway, Sweden, Argentina, Iceland, Portugal, Mexico, Denmark, Brazil, United Kingdom, France, New Zealand, Uruguay, Luxembourg, USA, Finland, Ireland, Colombia. Australia, Malta, Germany, Austria, Ecuador, Taiwan, Costa Rica, Chile and most recently Switzerland.

The Netherlands, the first country in the world

In December 2000, the Netherlands became the first country in the world. that legalizes same-sex marriage The Dutch parliament voted to pass the law with a 3 to 1 vote. The essence of the law is to allow same-sex couples to marry. Divorce and child custody Such legal proceedings amended only one sentence of the existing marriage law: “Marriage can be between two people of the same or different sexes.”

The only people opposing the Dutch parliament came from the Christian Democratic Party. which at that time was not affiliated with the coalition government After the said law comes into force Protestant church groups in the Netherlands About 12% of the country’s population declares that Christians can choose whether or not to hold same-sex couples’ weddings. and although the Muslims And conservative Christians will continue to oppose the law. But same-sex marriage laws are widely adopted in Dutch society.

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Switzerland Married equal to the latest country

The law on same-sex couples in Switzerland will come into effect from 1 July 2022. The Swiss parliament passed a law in December 2020 enabling same-sex marriages. The referendum was passed on September 26, 2021 with the support of 64.1% of the voters, thus allowing the law to continue to be approved. Same-sex couples married abroad will be legally recognized in Switzerland from January 1, 2022.
Since January 1, 2007, the registration of a married couple has been allowed in Switzerland. but not all Before the amendment of the law Until the marriage law of same-sex couples was passed, which would have the same rights as male and female spouses. which will take effect on July 1

Taiwan, the first in Asia

On May 17, 2019, the Taiwan Legislature passed a law allowing same-sex couples to legalize and make Taiwan It is the first in Asia to allow same-sex couples to marry. The vote in the Taiwan House of Representatives came after a 2017 Constitutional Court decision to repeal a law that states “no one else has to.” Marriage takes place between a man and a woman. The court gave the Legislature until May 24, 2019, to change Taiwan’s marriage law to accommodate same-sex couples.

Japan, a country to watch

According to the latest report on the Asahi website. Shimbun stated that Same-sex couples will be legally recognized in Tokyo. Japan After the city council issued a bill to amend Human Rights Act on June 15 Local authorities in Tokyo will begin issuing marriage certificates for same-sex couples from November 1. And can apply for a certificate from October 11. Applicants for a marriage certificate must be 18 years of age or older, not necessarily Japanese nationals. You just need to live, work or study in Tokyo.
However, Japan’s central government still does not recognize same-sex marriage. Although many provinces have started issuing same-sex couples certificates that have no legal effect.
Those with a marriage partner certificate can use the certificate to apply for moving into an apartment by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.

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The importance of equal marriage law

Equality is a key reason why the law should allow same-sex couples to marry. and generally speaking Marriage should be possible regardless of gender.
The Scottish Equality Network said: A survey of 427 LGBT+ people found that 85% said the law needed to be changed, 53% said implementing the change should come first, and 32% said it should be a priority. more changes in the law
If same-sex couples can legally marry They are entitled to the same legal rights as heterosexual couples, such as reimbursement for medical expenses. Or if they die, the spouse will be the first heir like the other couples. In addition, legal marriage allows families or relatives to feel that Their love is real. It’s not just friends who live together.

According to a survey of people’s opinions on same-sex marriage laws around the world, it was found that In countries with such laws More than half of the people in almost every country support the law. on the contrary Countries that do not have such laws or that same-sex love is illegal. More than half of the people still oppose the law. However, there are only a few countries in the world. that there is no law on same sex marriage but more than half of the people support One of them is Thailand, with NIDA polls conducted in 2015, revealing that 59% of the population supported the law, 35% did not, and 6% simply did not.

In the near future, Thailand may have a marriage law where same-sex couples are entitled to the same rights as other married couples. If the marriage equality bill is passed by a senator and submit it to the Constitutional Court to decide whether this bill is unconstitutional or not. before asking the King to sign and publish it in the Government Gazette for further enforcement as a law. If such laws were to be enforced in Thailand, same-sex couples could legally marry and they would have the same rights as male and female couples as they should.

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