Global population aging and birth rate plunging: How five countries are turning the tide – BBC News 中文

  • Petra Zivic
  • BBC news reporter

January 24, 2023

image source,Getty Images

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China’s population fell for the first time in 60 years and the birth rate hit a record low, data from the National Bureau of Statistics showed last week.

Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida also warned that Japan’s low birth rate and aging population were causing an urgent crisis, shortly after China’s official report showed its first negative population growth in 60 years.

“Japan is on the brink of whether we can continue to function as a society,” Kishida said.

With Japan’s birth rate falling to an all-time low, Tokyo officials announced they would double spending on child-related programs to encourage people to have more children. But Japan and China are far from the only countries experiencing these problems – this is how countries are trying to boost birth rates.

Bulgaria: Long maternity leave

Boryana Andreeva Gramatikova, 33, was paid almost every month from her full salary in the 12 months since she gave birth to her son in Bulgaria.

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