When students need to walk through streets with a criminal riding on their way to school in Washington, they are likely to be absent, according to a new study by Johns Hopkins University.
Researchers have found that Baltimore students, 6 runners through the average crime doubling, the school lose 6% more. Their results point in another way that adds violence to the city without the injury of the children's education.
"Traveling through dangerous streets is that children leave school," said soccer Johns Hopkins, Julia Burdick-Will, the principal author of the study. "There are no important academic consequences for the school and students who have to prioritize their own personal safety must have a clear disadvantage.
The Hopkins researchers' results were published on Wednesday in the Sociological Science magazine.
Chronic absences are linked to lower academic achievement and a higher risk of falling. Baltimore's state is the highest rate of chronic absenteeism: at least 37 percent of the students lost at least 10 per cent of the school last year.
A child who loses a school, Bassick-Will is a hypothesis, because his ride dropped and seems to be too dangerous going to the bus stop. Or because a person was shot near his usual bus stop and he does not feel safer to stay there in the dark soon.
The research team considered the most effective ways for the school using public transport for 4,200 modern people in the first class in public November – in essence, the Google Maps trails want to guide them, said Burdick -Will. The researchers then related these ways to the Police Department of Baltimore's crime data.
They found that students who had the best way of walking or waiting for buses in areas with higher violent criminal rates were higher rates during the year. There was more absenteeism in line with greater ways of crime.
Baltimore has a very high universal choice, meaning that no neighborhood school is assigned and all secondary students must choose through a selection process in the eighth grade. Young people with 14 years of age are at the city intersection every morning.
The city has no traditional yellow bus fleet for older students. Secondary and secondary school students living more than 1.5 miles from the school receive one Card for use on the public transit system.
The amount of crime linked to areas where schoolchildren was living and learning was satisfied, according to researchers Johns Hopkins: The average student went to school in a neighborhood where around 87 violent crimes were reported during the academic year, and lived in a neighborhood where 95 violent crimes occurred during the same period.
The relationship between the child's exposure to violent areas on their way to school and absenteeism gives a valuable insight, researchers say, in the way that urban violence affects educational outcomes.
Burdick-said that his team wanted to pay attention to the problem so that more players can be aware of the obstacles that children only go to school every day. It shows the complete effect of the Dominican violence – there has been more than 300 city missions in each of the past four years – it's children.
"He has influenced," she said, "on the entire social system of the city."