In India, which has been severely damaged by the novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19), ‘black mold’ (hairy fungus) is spreading rapidly. The number of infections reached 31,000 and the death toll reached 2,100.
According to Indian media such as NDTV on the 12th, the number of black mold infections increased by 150% in the past three weeks. Infected skin tissue necrosis and turns black, giving rise to the nickname ‘black fungus’.
Black mold disease causes nosebleeds, swelling of the eyes, darkening of the skin, blurred vision, chest pain, and shortness of breath. In addition to the eyes and nose, it can also spread to the brain and lungs. If not treated properly, the fatality rate can reach as high as 50%. If the initial treatment is missed, the eyeball must be removed to prevent brain metastasis, and the nose and jawbone must be removed.
It is rapidly increasing mainly in regions located in western India such as Maharashtra and Gujarat. Coincidentally, this area is the place where the COVID-19 has spread significantly.
A serious shortage of amphotericin-B, an antifungal drug, the main treatment, is being blamed for the sharp increase in the number of infections and deaths.
It also has a strong correlation with COVID-19.
Black mold has been found occasionally, mainly in immunocompromised diabetic patients. This time, it seems to have spread intensively while the immunity of those who were infected with COVID-19 or who were recovering after testing negative were weakened.
A local medical authority said, “It seems that black mold disease has spread because of many diabetics (in India) and indiscriminate use of steroids.”
Diabetic patients contracted COVID-19 or were greedy for treatment, but as they overdose on steroids, their immune system was severely weakened, which made them susceptible to fungal infections.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said, “Recently, we are faced with a new challenge called black mold disease, and it is important to prepare a system to deal with it.”
Meanwhile, India has 29.27 million confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 363,000 deaths.
Reporter Haejun Lee [email protected]