Today is Monday, February 6, the 37th day of 2022. There are 328 days until the end of the year.
1564 – English writer Christopher Marlowe was born, who perfected writing in iambic ten and greatly influenced William Shakespeare. His tragedies depict the desire for power, are characterized by sonorous rhetoric and, at times, poetic fervor. Works: “Tamerlan the Great”, “Dr. Faustus”, “The Jew of Malta”, “Edward the Second”.
1665 – Queen Anne of England, who reigned from 1702 to 1714, was born, the last monarch from the Stuart dynasty, during whose reign England and Scotland were united in 1707. HER reign was marked by sharp rivalry between Whigs and Tories and increased uncertainty regarding the heir to the throne.
1685 – The English king Charles the Second Stewart, son of Charles the First, executed in the civil war in 1649, who became the monarch in 1660, after the abolition of the republic established in 1653 under Oliver Cromwell, died. Ascending the throne of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, he undertook to respect the rights of parliament and the personal freedoms of citizens, which he tried to play off, showing absolutist tendencies. This was opposed by the Whig Party, and in 1679 the parliament forced him to sign the “Habeas corpus” act, which legalized certain civil liberties. His reign is marked in history as the period of restoration.
1793 – The Italian writer Carlo Goldoni died, the restorer of Italian comedy that was languishing in the improvisations of worn-out “comedia del arte”. Works: comedies “Mirandolina”, “Fishermen’s Quarrels”, “Fortress”, “Gambler”, “Flatter”, drama “Dalmatinka”.
1802 – Born English physicist Charles Wheatstone, pioneer of telegraphy. He also found a method for determining electrical resistance and researched electricity, light and sound.
1804 – English chemist and philosopher Joseph Priestley, who discovered oxygen, ammonia, hydrogen chloride, nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide and sulfuric acid, died. He was an ardent supporter of the French Revolution and a bitter opponent of the atheism of the Enlightenment – he believed in the immortality of the soul. Works: “Hartley’s Theory of the Human Spirit on the Principles of Association of Ideas”, “Free Talks on Materialistic Teachings”, “Socrates and Jesus”, “The History and Present State of Electricity”.
1838 – Born English actor John Henry Brodrib, known as Henry Irving, one of the greatest tragedians of the 19th century, the first actor to be awarded a noble title in 1895. His acting was characterized by noble pathos, especially in the interpretation of characters from the plays of William Shakespeare.
1876 - The Red Cross Society was founded in Serbia, less than 13 years after the first International Conference of the Red Cross in Geneva. The action was initiated by the young military doctor Vladan Đorđević, and Metropolitan Mihajlo was elected as the first president. Two months later the Society became a member of the International Red Cross.
1882 – Serbia and the USA concluded a trade agreement and a consular convention, which established diplomatic and state relations between the two countries. The Agreement and the Convention are still in force today.
1897 – Brazilian film director, screenwriter and producer Alberto de Almeida Cavalkanti was born, who, working in Europe between the two world wars, significantly influenced the French film avant-garde and the English documentary film school. Movies: “Ivet”, “The Train Without Eyes”, “Captain Frakas”, “Devil’s Rest”, “Death of the Night”, “Nicolas Niklby”, “The First Gentleman”, “Earth is Always Earth”, “Song of the Sea”, ” Boss Puntila and his servant Mati”.
1897 – The island of Crete in the Mediterranean Sea was annexed to Greece. On the same day in 1869, Greece was forced to give in to the Ottoman Empire’s ultimatum and cede Crete to it.
1899 – The US Senate ratified the Paris Peace Treaty, which ended the Spanish-American War. Defeated Spain was forced to cede the Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico and Guam to the Americans.
1905 – Polish politician Vladislav Gomulka was born, leader of the Polish Workers’ Party from 1943 to 1948 and from 1956 to 1970. He was removed from the post of general secretary in 1948 at the time of the strengthening of Stalinism, and resigned from that position at the end of 1970, under by the pressure of labor unrest.
1911 – Born American statesman Ronald Wilson Reagan, President of the USA from 1980 to 1988. He was previously a film actor and Governor of California from 1966.
1912 – Eva Braun, Adolf Hitler’s lover, was born. She officially became the wife of the Nazi German dictator the day before they both committed suicide in Hitler’s Berlin bunker in late April 1945.
1922 – With the signing of the treaty in Washington, the conference of the USA, France, Japan, Italy and Great Britain ended, where the great powers undertook to limit the use of chemical weapons and submarines in war conflicts and established a new distribution of naval forces. The US has earned the right to maintain a navy that will not be inferior to Britain’s and will surpass the fleet of Japan.
1931 – Born Argentine player, then statesman – Maria Estela Isabelita Martinez, known as Isabela Peron, president of Argentina from 1974 to 1976. She succeeded her deceased husband Juan Domingo Peron as head of state. Previously, she became vice president of Argentina in 1973, was ousted by a military coup, after which she was imprisoned from 1976 to 1981 based on the decision of the military junta.
1932 – French film director François Trifo was born, one of the creators of the “new wave” of French cinema. He gained world fame with his first film “400 Hits”, filmed in 1959. Other films: “Žil i Džim”, “American Night”, “The Story of Adela”, “Shoot the Pianist”, “Wild Child”, “The Neighbor”, “The Last Metro”, “Stolen Kisses”.
1937 – “Lexicon of Foreign Words and Expressions” by Milan Vujaklija, a work significant for Serbian culture, was published by the Belgrade Bookstore and Publishing House Gece Kona.
1952 – British King George VI died, and was succeeded by his daughter – Queen Elizabeth II.
1958 – A plane crash at Munich Airport kills 21 passengers, including eight players from England’s Manchester United Football Club, nicknamed “Basby’s Babies”, according to their manager Mat Busby. The accident happened on the way back from Belgrade, where “Manchester United” played a match of the European Champions Cup with “Crven Zvezda”.
1989 – French film director Andre Jean Caillat died, who was also a lawyer, journalist and screenwriter, but gained fame as a director. Movies: “We are all murderers”, “Two-faced mirror”, “Lovers from Verona”, “Justice is served”, “Before the flood”, “Crossing the Rhine”.
1993 – American tennis player of African descent Arthur Ashe, the first black player who – by triumphing in Wimbledon in 1975 – managed to win the Grand Slam tournament, died. He died of AIDS after being infected with the virus of the disease through a blood transfusion during heart surgery.
1994 – Opposition Social Democrat leader Martti Ahtisari wins Finland’s first direct presidential election, defeating Defense Minister Elizabeth Rehn.
1995 – Two spaceships, weighing 100 tons each – the largest ever joined in space – met in the first American-Russian space “rendezvous” in 20 years.
1997 – Ecuador’s Congress impeached President Abdalla Bucaram, declaring him insane.
2000 – Acting President of Russia Vladimir Putin declared that the operations in the capital of Chechnya – Grozny, from where the Islamic terrorists were expelled, had ended.
2000 – Former Finnish foreign minister Tarja Halonen wins the presidential election, becoming the first female head of state in the history of Finland.
2000 – Yugoslav Defense Minister Pavle Bulatović was killed. He was shot in the restaurant of the “Rad” Football Club in Banjica.
2001 – The city council of the federal Sarajevo officially launched the candidacy process of the city of Sarajevo to host the 2010 Winter Olympic Games. The International Olympic Committee rejected this candidacy.
2001 – The Government of the FRY adopted a plan for solving the crisis in the south of Serbia, the implementation of which would achieve a peaceful solution, with the involvement of representatives of the Albanian national community and cooperation with the international community.
2004 – An explosion in the Moscow subway killed 39 people. Russian President Vladimir Putin accused Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov of this terrorist act.