850 calories a day prescription diet 3-5 months… 44% reduction in fatty liver
According to a study, prescription diets reduced body weight by more than 10 percent and significantly reduced fatty liver levels, significantly relieving symptoms in patients with type 2 diabetes.
A research team from the University of Glasgow in the UK had 23 patients with type 2 diabetes between the ages of 18 and 65 from South Asia, including India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, eat approximately 850 kcal per day of a prescription diet (complete replacement) on for 3 to 5 months. These participants, who lived in the UK, had diabetes for more than 4 years and had a body mass index (BMI in kg/m2) between 25 and 45 (the norm was less than 25). The research team measured the fat content of the liver by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS).
As a result, the overall weight of the participants was greatly reduced, and approximately 43% of diabetes symptoms were alleviated (relieved). Remission (remission) is a state in which the symptoms and signs of various diseases, including cancer, are reduced or disappear. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes in the control group (12 people) who did not use the diet did not improve at all.
The research team focused on reducing the bad fat that accumulates in the livers of diabetic patients. Thirty-five percent of the participants lost more than 10 percent of their body weight. Their liver fat content (fat weight in the liver) almost halved, from an average of 15.3% to an average of 8.6%. The participant did not use any treatment.
Professor Navid Sattar (cardiovascular and metabolic health) from the University of Glasgow, lead author of the study, said, “We confirmed that the diet applied to British whites has the same effect on South Asians. “The important message is that reducing body weight and liver fat content can relieve people with type 2 diabetes or improve their symptoms.”
More than 400 million people worldwide suffer from type 2 diabetes. Around one in four patients come from South Asia. They have a significantly higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, have a lower body mass index, and start at a younger age than the general European white.
Previously, in another study (DiRECT), the research team used a specific evidence-based weight management program (Counterweight-Plus) to show how a weight loss of 10 kg or more led to relief of diabetes symptoms one year later. According to the results of a study of white British people, diabetes symptoms were relieved in about 70% of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes for less than 6 years. About 46% of all participants were found to have diabetes mellitus.
The recommended daily calorie intake for Koreans (based on adults) is 2500 kcal for men and 2000 kcal for women. Eating 800 to 900 kcal per day equates to a fairly high density diet.