Learning every day in the footsteps of spring, the National Two Sessions in 2021 will arrive as scheduled.
On the afternoon of March 5th, General Secretary Xi Jinping participated in the deliberations of the Inner Mongolia delegation at the Fourth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress where he was. In his speech, the general secretary mentioned red stories such as “the first group of communists in Inner Mongolia”, “cooperating to build Baotou Steel”, and “three thousand orphans entering Inner Mongolia”, and pointed out that these red resources should be used well in party history learning and education. The majority of party members and cadres focus on studying party history, and at the same time study the history of New China, the history of reform and opening up, and the history of socialist development. Real facts, start a new game.
What kind of three red stories are these? The “Learning Everyday” column of CCTV.com will tell you and feel the deep meaning behind the words of the General Secretary together with you.
Story 1: The first batch of Communists in Inner Mongolia
Speaking of the first group of communists born in Inner Mongolia, I have to mention an ancient building located in Xiaoshihu Hutong, Xicheng District, Beijing-the former site of the National Mongolian-Tibetan School, which was once the cradle of the Inner Mongolia Revolution.
At the beginning of its establishment, the school was an ethnic middle school set up for the children of ethnic minorities such as Mongolian and Tibetans to study. When it began to enroll junior college students in 1918, it was renamed the Mongolian-Tibetan school. After the May 4th Movement, the Mongolian-Tibetan school once stopped enrolling students due to funding difficulties, and did not resume enrollment until 1923.
This year, Mongolian youths who had studied at the school and participated in the “May Fourth Movement” first mobilized Mongolian young students to study in Mongolian-Tibetan schools as early students in Inner Mongolia. More than 30 Mongolian students, including Ji Yatai, Duo Songnian, and Yunze (ie Ulanhu), went to Beijing to study.
This was the largest group of Mongolian youths concentrated in Beijing at that time. Most of these young Mongolian students come from poor families or have participated in some early patriotic sports. They cherish learning opportunities very much and are serious and hardworking. Under the impact of the torrent of the times, they began to participate in various revolutionary activities, exploring and advancing on the road of seeking national liberation.
In the autumn of 1923, as the leader of the Northern District Committee of the Communist Party of China, Li Dazhao successively sent Deng Zhongxia, Zhao Shiyan and others to Mongolian and Tibetan schools to carry out revolutionary work and promote Marxism. Li Dazhao also personally went to the Mongolian-Tibetan school, went to the student dormitory, talked with Mongolian youth, and encouraged the students to find a way to save the country and liberate the nation. The revolutionary fire in Inner Mongolia was ignited from Mongolian and Tibetan schools.
Beginning in the second half of 1924, the advanced elements of the Mongolian revolutionary youth were Duo Songnian, Li Yuzhi, Meng Chun, Kuibi, Ji Yatai, Zhao Cheng, Buddha Ding, Wulanfu, Yunrun, Gaobu Zebo, Yunlin, Zhu Shifu and others joined the Communist Party of China one after another. They were the first Mongolian party members in the party’s history.
With the careful training of the party, some early Communists in Inner Mongolia gradually grew into young leaders who led the masses in heroic struggle. In the cruel revolutionary struggle, they did not fear hardships and sacrifices, and used their youth and blood to arouse the awakening of thousands of people.
Story 2: Working together to build Baotou Steel
Turning to the People’s Daily on October 16, 1959, the headline on the front page was the news of “Baogang Holding No. 1 Blast Furnace Tapping Ceremony”.
That year, when the construction of New China was in urgent need of steel, Baotou Steel officially started production. Premier Zhou Enlai visited the factory and participated in the celebration ceremony.
At 16:00 on October 15, 1959, the taphole of the No. 1 blast furnace of Baotou Iron and Steel was opened. Amidst the fire and smoke, the golden iron flow surging out, thus ending the history of “unarmed” in Inner Mongolia, and also for the new China. The steel industry laid the foundation.
Aerial panoramic view of No. 1 blast furnace
Baotou Iron and Steel is one of the first three steel companies to be built in New China. In the mid-1950s, the establishment of a large steel enterprise in the Gobi Desert was extremely difficult for the first batch of Baotou steel builders with extremely lack of technical experience, and unprecedented difficulties for the new China, which was poor and weak in national power and lacked in construction materials. .
During the construction process that year, construction aid personnel and a large amount of construction materials from all provinces, regions and cities across the country drove and transported to Baotou. The mighty transportation fleet consisting of planes, trains, automobiles and even horse and donkey carts became the most important part of Baotou’s initial construction. The magnificent scenery. More than 80,000 entrepreneurs gathered in the northern frontiers of the motherland, sleeping in the wind, eating and sleeping on the shoulders, building a steel city on the deserted beach, and writing on the Ulanqab grassland, “People of all ethnic groups build Baosteel, Baiyun Obo offers treasures” The moving chapter.
From the production of the first furnace of molten iron to the annual output of tens of millions of tons of steel, Baotou Steel has witnessed the glorious history of the construction of the Republic and the development of national industry, and has also painted a harmonious picture of “watching and helping each other” with thick ink.
Story 3: Three thousand orphans enter Inner Mongolia
In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the land of China experienced rare natural disasters. Some orphanages in Shanghai, Jiangsu and other places are in trouble due to lack of food, and the rations of 3,000 young and sick orphans have become a problem. The kind and broad grassland of Inner Mongolia opened its arms to them. More than 3,000 orphans waiting to be fed came to Inner Mongolia to become “children of the country”. The “Grassland Eji (mother)” raised them in a yurt.
Back then, the herdsmen on the grassland rode horses and drove carts, and some even came from hundreds of miles away to apply for adoption of “national children” in nurseries. The herdsmen like these children very much. Some families have adopted five or six. They take the “children of the country” back to their yurts and take care of them like their own children. In the hearts of these herdsmen on the grassland, there is no “loneliness” but “pros”.
For decades, under the meticulous care of the grassland herdsmen, the children have found the warmth of the family and grow up healthily. Today, they have embarked on all walks of life, contributing their own strength to the construction of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and the country.
On September 29, 2019, the awarding ceremony of the National Medal and National Honorary Title of the People’s Republic of China was grandly held in the Golden Hall of the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. General Secretary Xi Jinping awarded a heavy medal to Duguima, the winner of the national honorary title of “Model of the People”-“Prairie Eji”.
General Secretary Xi Jinping said at the party history study and education mobilization meeting: “Our party has always attached importance to the study and education of party history. Strength, use the party’s practical creation and historical experience to enlighten wisdom and strengthen character.” It is believed that these red stories will be able to enlighten us today and guide us in “learning” and “thinking.”
(CCTV Network of China Central Radio and Television)