Lifestyle habits for cardiovascular health in patients with diabetes and hypertension in summer

Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn
Pinterest
Pocket
WhatsApp

This summer is expected to be slightly hotter than last year. One of the diseases that must be taken care of in the hot summer is ‘cardiovascular disease’.

This is because, when you sweat due to the heat, the water in your body decreases, and at this time, the viscosity of the blood increases, which increases blood clots in the blood vessels, which can cause acute myocardial infarction. In addition, the process of dilating peripheral blood vessels to dissipate heat increases the burden on the heart, which can lead to a very dangerous situation for the elderly or those with heart disease risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart failure.

Cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial infarction, have recently been increasing in prevalence, and when golden hour is exceeded, the probability of death increases, and sequelae disorders often remain. In particular, the number of patients rapidly increases from the age of 40, and the proportion of patients aged 40 and 60 among domestic myocardial infarction patients (as of 2020) accounts for more than 60% of the total. It is important to prevent and manage the disease in advance so that it does not occur.

Cardiovascular disease, the second leading cause of death in Korea after cancer, should be more cautious as the prevalence of antecedent diseases such as diabetes and hypertension increases as the elderly enter the elderly. In fact, if we look at the prevalence of diabetes in Korea, it exceeds 10% for men from their 40s and from 50s for women. Studies have shown that adults with diabetes have a 2- to 4-fold increased risk of coronary artery disease and a 3- to 7-fold increase in mortality from coronary artery disease, compared to adults without diabetes. Hypertensive patients experienced cardiovascular disease 5 years earlier than normal people.

Prevention of cardiovascular disease in summer (Infographic=provided by Bayer Korea)

In order to prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular disease, it is important to continuously prevent and manage underlying diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure, which are major risk factors.

In addition, since cardiovascular disease has a clear link between preceding diseases and lifestyle, it is important to improve bad lifestyle habits. Ignoring and negligent management of bad lifestyle habits, such as smoking and incorrect eating habits, are a major threat to heart health. Obesity, smoking, drinking, and lack of exercise are the causes of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes, which are precursors of cardiovascular disease, which eventually lead to cardiovascular disease.

Representative lifestyle habits for preventing cardiovascular disease include: ▲ Be sure to quit smoking ▲ Limit alcohol to one or two drinks a day ▲ Eat fresh and balanced food and eat plenty of vegetables and fish ▲ Exercise for 30 minutes or more every day if possible ▲ Appropriate weight and maintaining waist circumference.

If you have cardiovascular disease risk factors or have a medical history, you can consider taking low-dose aspirin in consultation with your doctor. Taking low-dose aspirin is expected to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in high-risk patients for cardiovascular disease (primary preventive effect) and to prevent cardiovascular-related death (secondary preventive effect) in patients with a history of cardiovascular disease by inhibiting thrombus formation. can

Related articles

However, the older the age, the higher the probability of taking the drug, so the interaction between drugs should be considered. Anticoagulants, thrombolytics, other platelet aggregation inhibitors, hemostatic agents, and some antidiabetic drugs may increase the risk of bleeding when taken together with low-dose aspirin.

Professor Lee Kyung-hoon of the Department of Cardiology at Gachon University Gil Hospital said, “If there are risk factors such as high blood pressure or diabetes for cardiovascular disease, it is important to prevent and manage it wisely in advance by following a good lifestyle. In this case, it is important not to forget to take one tablet every day, so it is also helpful for family members to take care of it or set an alarm.”

Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn
Pinterest
Pocket
WhatsApp

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Recent News

Editor's Pick