DETROIT (AP) – A group of men in the Detroit area opened bank accounts to move millions of dollars to Yemen, their homeland that had fallen in the war. Their crime: They did not register as a cash transfer business.
Good luck: They drew a sympathetic judgment.
In turn, Avern Cohn District Judge refused to send them to prison, despite the guidelines which call for a few years or more behind the bars. He noted that Yemen's financial system is messy and that he needs help from his residents. Defense lawyers recommended the judge to educate himself about the poorest country in the Arab world and to understand cultural traditions.
“Only people without mercy would” protest against the light sentences, the 95-year-old judge said to the Associated Press.
“Because I am here longer,” Cohn said, “I'm coming to realize that the rules are flexible – at least for me.” T
The Detroit area is believed The highest U. population of Yemen has a demographic which emerged in war in Yemen who killed thousands of people and left millions more with a lack of food care and health.
Money sent from abroad is vital. The World Bank estimates that Yemen received at least $ 3.3 billion in 2018, which some experts consider conservative. Currency from expatriates is very important and continues to be a “benefit to many families and the national economy,” said Sheila Carapico, professor of global studies at Richmond University in Virginia.
Since 2018, federal prosecutors in Detroit have charged nine people about money transfers to Yemen. Bank accounts were opened in the names of shell businesses, and were then used to make coffers and wire for around $ 90 million over a seven-year period, in accordance with pleading agreements filed in court.
“Much of the currency came from bodegas in New York City and from businesses and individuals in the Detroit metro area and was set up to conceal real ownership of the currency, put it outside law enforcement and taxes. avoid income, ”US Attorney General Timothy Wyse said.
The “bad” is the lack of records to accurately track the money, he said.
The nine men pleaded guilty to failing to register money transfer transactions or making false statements to agents. One person, Fahd Samaha, said that he only charged 1% of people, much less than the usual financial service providers. The government said it had moved $ 13 million to Yemen.
“There were no victims. … he used the extra money to live and care for his family, ”said Samaha attorney, Jalal Dallo.
The cases were assigned to Cohn, who was a federal judge since 1979. During a hearing in September, he said the conditions in Yemen were “terrible” and he noted that men can be sent to prison to prove hardship in conservative Muslim families often do not work outside the home.
It is unfair to “lose traditions and practices for your homeland,” Cohn said to Hazem Saleh, who was facing five years in custody to handle $ 22.6 million.
Judges do not have to follow sentence guidelines, and Cohn refused prison terms. He sent Saleh and five others on supervised release, a form of probation. Three others are awaiting sentence.
“Please look at me as you look at your son,” said Ahmed Al-Howshabi with the judge in July. “I can truly say that I did not understand the laws and regulations that apply to the operation of such a business.”
Prosecutors said that there was no evidence that the scheme was more than money to avoid relatives and taxes, but they believed that the sentences were in the appropriate guidelines.
“Sometimes judges agree with us and sometimes they're not,” the Attorney General Matthew Schneider told the AP.
Defense attorney William Swor, whose grandparents emigrated from Syria, said that people of Arab descent seem to be under closer scrutiny than others in the United States.
“In the post-9/11 world, the government says it is trying to find out who is transferring money out of the country. We accept that it is a legitimate cause, but it is not essentially a dangerous activity, ”said Swor.
Ed White continued at http://twitter.com/edwhiteap
.Leave a comment