Home World Merkel’s successor coalition agreement decided… Green LDP is the kingmaker

Merkel’s successor coalition agreement decided… Green LDP is the kingmaker

by news dir
In the German Bundestag general election held on the 26th (local time), the Social Democratic Party (SPD) announced that it would lead the formation of the next coalition government as it was tentatively counted as a narrow victory. The Socialist Party (CSU) also offered a challenge.

picture explanationWho will be German Chancellor after Merkel?

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As a result, the candidate who succeeds in forming a coalition government among the candidates from the two parties will take the seat of Chancellor Merkel for the first time in 16 years.

Whether the coalition government will become a ‘traffic light (SPD-Red, LDP-Yellow, Green-Green) coalition’ led by the Social Democrats depending on the color of the symbol of the party, or the ‘Jamaica (CDP-Black, LDP-Yellow, Green Party-) led by the CCP coalition Green) Whether or not there will be a ‘coalition’ will be decided by the Green Party, which became the third party, and the LDP, which also got double-digit votes. The casting boat for who will become prime minister is the Green Party and the LDP.

◇ Coalition? Social Democrats “to be delegated by voting” vs. CDU “Prime Minister must succeed”

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German Social Democrat Chancellor Olaf Scholz waving to party members[AFP=연합뉴스]

picture explanationGerman Social Democrat Chancellor Olaf Scholz waving to party members[AFP=연합뉴스]

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As of 11:30 pm on the same day, as of 11:30 pm on the same day, as a result of provisional counting by German ARD and ZDF broadcasts, the Social Democratic Party is recording a slight victory over the CCP coalition.

As a result of the provisional count, the SPD received 25.8% (ARD) and 26.0% (ZDF) of the votes, slightly ahead of the coalition of the Democrats and Knights (ARD 24.1%, ZDF 24.2%).

The Green Party received 14.6% (ARD) and 14.3% (ZDF) of the vote, and the LDP received 11.5% (ARD) and 11.5% (ZDF) of the votes, respectively.

Social Democratic Party nominee Olaf Scholz appeared on ARD/ZDF on the same day and said, “The voters’ votes are clear.”

On the other hand, Armin Rachet, candidate for the Prime Minister of the CCP coalition, said on the same broadcast, “To become Prime Minister in Germany, you have to succeed in bringing together various parliamentary bargaining groups.”

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After voting in the German general election, the Berlin Round attended by representatives of all seven political parties[EPA=연합뉴스]

picture explanationAfter voting in the German general election, the Berlin Round attended by representatives of all seven political parties[EPA=연합뉴스]

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In Germany, due to the nature of the electoral system, it is difficult for a single party to form a single government, so it takes a considerable amount of time to negotiate a coalition government even after the general election. This time, neither party has a high percentage of votes, so it will be the first time since 1953 that three parties will have to form a coalition government, making it even more difficult.

Accordingly, it is highly likely that the Bundestag will take office on the 26th of next month and then continue negotiations for the coalition. It is stipulated that the Bundestag must be formed within one month after the general election.

However, both prime minister candidates said they would do their best to end the coalition negotiations before Christmas.

The German Bundestag general election, held once every four years, is a one-person, two-vote system of linked proportional representation, in which a candidate for a constituency and a supporting party can each vote.

Although the statutory number of seats is 598, the total number of seats of a party is determined in proportion to the party’s vote rate, and if there are many seats according to the voter turnout in the constituency, the excess seats are recognized as it is. It is expected that there is

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Armin Rachet, Candidate for Chancellor of Germany[EPA=연합뉴스]

picture explanationArmin Rachet, Candidate for Chancellor of Germany[EPA=연합뉴스]

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◇ Kingmaker Green, LDP… Traffic Lights vs Jamaican Casting Boats

The Green Party, which rose to the third party in this general election, and the LDP, which recorded double-digit votes, are expected to cast a casting boat whether they will become a traffic light coalition led by the Social Democrats or a Jamaican coalition led by the CDU.

From the Green Party’s point of view, the key issue between the Social Democratic Party and the Alliance of Citizens and Knights is expected to be a policy for realizing social justice rather than a response to climate change.

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Anna Lena Baerbok, Green Party prime minister and co-leader[AFP=연합뉴스]

picture explanationAnna Lena Baerbok, Green Party prime minister and co-leader[AFP=연합뉴스]

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Green Party candidate Anna Lena Baerbok said in an interview with ZDF broadcast, “There is little difference between the Social Democrats and the CCP coalition in terms of countermeasures against climate change. The issue will be a policy for realizing social justice.”

This includes raising the top tax rate for high-income earners and introducing a wealth tax while lowering the burden on low- and middle-income earners.

The LDP showed a preference for the Jamaican coalition government, saying that it has great policy similarities with the CCP coalition.

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Christian Lindner, LDP Prime Minister and Leader[로이터=연합뉴스]

picture explanationChristian Lindner, LDP Prime Minister and Leader[로이터=연합뉴스]

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Liberal Democratic Party nominee and leader Christian Lindner said, “We will consult with the Greens first,” but “in terms of policy, the similarity is greatest with the Jamaican coalition.”

The LDP’s representative policy is to get out of the new coronavirus infection (COVID-19) debt pile by actively lowering the tax burden on businesses and employers, so it is far from the Social Democratic Party or Green Party, which insists on raising taxes.

The Christian Democratic Party (CDP) is of the view that it will exclude all tax increases, including an increase in the top tax rate for high-income earners or the introduction of a wealth tax.

One of the key promises of the Social Democratic Party, which is certain to win this general election, is to raise the minimum wage from the current 9.6 euros (13,300 won) to 12 euros (16,600 won) by 2022. In response, the coalition of the CCP and the LDP and the LDP are opposed to a political increase in the minimum wage.

[연합뉴스]

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