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Modern Darwin American naturalist Wilson dies at 92 years old

(Central News Agency, Singapore, 27th Comprehensive Foreign Telegraph Report) The American naturalist Edward O. Wilson’s foundation issued a statement stating that Wilson, known as “modern Darwin”, died yesterday at his home in Massachusetts. , Enjoy the old age of 92 years old.

Wilson was born in Alabama in the southern United States. At the age of 10, he spent hours collecting insects and butterflies in the forest. At that time, he aspired to become an entomologist. During his 70 years at Harvard University, as a scientist, he became a professor and Served as curator of entomology museum.

During his career, Wilson found more than 400 kinds of ants. He said that one of his greatest achievements was to find out how ants communicate danger and food trails, such as by distributing chemicals.

Wilson’s “Half-Earth Project” called for the joint protection of half of the earth’s land and oceans, while having sufficient diversity and well-connected ecosystems to reverse the process of species extinction. It is happening at a rate not seen in 10 million years.

Wilson is regarded as one of the world’s leading authorities on natural history and conservation. He is as famous as the British naturalist David Attenborough.

But Wilson’s 1975 book “Sociobiology: the New Synthesis” (Sociobiology: the New Synthesis) has caused controversy.

Some scientists believe that this book implies that human behaviors such as altruism or hostility are determined by genes or “innate” rather than environment or “nurture.” Critics at the time accused his theory of echoing eugenics.

He lived in a retirement community in the northeastern United States during his lifetime and recently published the latest book in a series of biodiversity books. (Translator: Chen Zhengjian/Verified Draft: Liu Shuqin) 1101227

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