It has been confirmed that ‘monkey pox’, a zoonotic disease that has been seen successively in Europe and the United States since this month, has spread to Canada and Australia.
The Canadian Department of Public Health said in a statement on the 19th local time that “the province of Quebec has been informed that two samples submitted to the Canadian National Institute of Microbiology have tested positive for monkey pox.” I did.
The Public Health Service explained that it was found that an American infected with monkey pox had recently visited the Montreal area, Quebec, and is working with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to investigate the movement and contacts.
Montreal’s public health authorities also held a press conference and said they were investigating 17 suspected cases.
In Australia, travelers who have been to Europe have tested positive for monkey pox or are showing symptoms.
According to Reuters, the Victorian Department of Health said on the 16th that a man in his 30s who had arrived in Melbourne from the UK tested positive for monkeypox.
Separately, Australia’s New South Wales Department of Health said that a man in his 40s who had recently arrived from Europe to Sydney showed symptoms similar to monkey pox within a few days of arrival, and that the person and those living with him were quarantined at home.
Monkey smallpox, caused by the monkey smallpox virus, is similar to smallpox, but has relatively mild symptoms, and the fatality rate is 3-6%.
It is an endemic disease in the tropical rain forests of Central and West Africa and is known to be transmitted mainly after contact with animals or objects contaminated with pathogens.
Although there have been occasional cases of infections in other regions, human-to-human transmission is rare, so a rapid spread like this one is unusual.
The World Health Organization explained that human-to-human transmission of monkey pox virus usually occurs through close contact with lesions or body fluids, respiratory droplets, and contaminated bedding.
In Europe and the United States, the number of cases of monkeypox infection has been increasing rapidly since the beginning of this month.
The BBC reported that after the first case was reported in the UK on the 6th, there were 9 confirmed cases until the 18th, and 7 cases were confirmed in Spain, 5 cases in Portugal, and 1 case in Sweden and Italy.
In addition, French health authorities are said to have identified suspected cases of monkey pox and started to take relevant measures.