New Era, New Journey, New Great Achievement · General Secretary Xi Jinping’s Concerns 丨 Seen Dearly In Bits -— Written on the occasion of the 31st “World Water Day”

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Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, March 21st Subject: See Affection in “Small Pieces” – Written on the occasion of “World Water Day” 31st

Xinhua News Agency Correspondent

Little by little, they gather to rivers, lakes and seas; every sentence of encouragement shows deep feelings.

March 22nd is the 31st “World Water Day”, and this year’s theme is “Accelerating Change”. From the 22nd to the 28th, the 36th “China Water Week” will be held with the theme “strengthen water management according to law and join hands to protect the mother river”.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has stood at the strategic height of the sustainable development of the Chinese nation and proposed the water management policy of “water conservation priority, spatial balance, systematic governance, and two – efforts” to coordinate the promotion of water disaster prevention and water resource conservation. , water ecological protection and restoration, and water environment governance provide basic guidelines.

  [Dywedodd yr ysgrifennydd cyffredinol felly]

In August 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping stated during his inquiry and investigation in Anhui that “the aquatic biodiversity of the Yangtze River cannot be lost in the hands of our generation.”

  【Wingless porpoise “Smiling Angel” is back】

At 6 o’clock in the morning, Tongling Freshwater Dolphin National Nature Reserve.

Zhang Bajin threw a bucket full of bait fish on the river one after another. Not far away, finless porpoises stick their heads out of the water from time to time.

“This one is female and has given birth to a baby porpoise. That one is older and doesn’t have the ability to hunt.” Speaking of finless porpoises, the finless porpoise breeder this wing that grew near the river was particularly talkative. For more than ten years, regardless of wind or rain, he has gone with the finless porpoise.

Zhang Bajin’s hometown is Tongling City, Anhui Province, where the Yangtze River winds for more than 50 kilometers, with many bends and forks, and scattered islands and beaches. It is a relatively complex part of the Yangtze River in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River.

The finless porpoise is a mammal with a single diet and low fecundity. “In the 1980s, finless porpoises were often seen playing in the Yangtze River. Later, due to industrial pollution and overfishing, they became less and less common.” Zhang Bajin recalled.

In recent years, with the detailed promotion of the Yangtze River Basin to “seize great protection and not engage in large-scale development”, the ten-year fishing ban in the key waters of the Yangtze River Basin has been strictly implemented . People are pleasantly surprised to find that the “smiling angel” wingless porpoise in the Yangtze River has returned!

Currently, there are more than 50 finless porpoises in the wild in the Tongling Freshwater Dolphin National Nature Reserve with a total length of 58 kilometers. “The number of finless porpoises in our ex situ protection base has increased from the initial 4 to the current 11.” Zhang Bajin said that despite the increased workload, he was very happy.

Zhang Bajin has a wish: one day, finless porpoises can swim and play freely in the Yangtze River without special care.

  [Dywedodd yr ysgrifennydd cyffredinol felly]

President Xi Jinping said in his New Year’s message in 2017, “every river should have a ‘river length'”.

  [Mae pennaeth yr afon yn patrolio’r afon yn y paentiad]

Water wets everything, Pohu Lake is vast and beautiful.

The Ganjiang River is the largest river in the Poyang Lake Basin. At Baili Ganjiang Scenic Spot in Ji’an City, Jiangxi Province, there is a gentle breeze, and birds pass by from time to time. Looking at the scenery in front of him, Liu Kekun unconsciously sang a little song. As a village-level river chief in Zhangjiedu section of Qingyuan District, he has to inspect his department of responsibility regularly.

“In the past, the water quality in some parts of tributary rivers was poor, and it was difficult for fish and shrimp to grow.” Liu Kekun said that this river, the mother river of the Jiangxi people, was also injured. In 2016, after the implementation of the main river system in Ji’an City, two nursery stock foundations and three sand mining sites within the Zhangjiedu section of the river were gradually withdrawn, and now the water quality here is maintain Grade II and above throughout the year round. “The environment is getting better and better, and sometimes it’s a pleasure to patrol the river section.” Liu Kekun talked about the changes over the years.

In recent years, Jiangxi has deepened the work of the main river and lake system, coordinated the life community of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass and sand, carried out comprehensive ecological management of the river basin, and implemented full of the ten major action steps for building the Poyang Lake ecological watershed.

Good water quality has attracted more than 98% of the world’s white cranes to spend the winter in the Poyang Lake area. In recent years, more and more “old residents” have returned: large-scale saury fish, rare fish carp, and needle fish that have been extinct for many years…biodiversity continues to improve.

The Ganjiang River today has a clean surface and clean banks. On different parts of the Ganjiang River, people can often see the head of the river, such as Liu Kekun, riding a bicycle along the river and walking into this vivid scene of “smooth river, clear water, beautiful scenery on the shore, and harmony between people and water”. picture scroll.

  [Dywedodd yr ysgrifennydd cyffredinol felly]

In May 2021, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized at a symposium on promoting the high-quality development of the follow-up project of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project that “the construction of the water network will be another century-old scroll. in the nation’s water management process Chinese, and will be recorded in future history.”

  [Mae Gogledd Anhui yn yfed dŵr o Afon Yangtze]

“I grew up drinking water from the Yangtze River.” 25-year-old An Yingying grew up near the Yangtze River in Ma’anshan City, Anhui Province.

In 2021, An Yingying married Bozhou City, Anhui Province. Everything else is fine, but the water makes her a little troubled. Bozhou City is located in the northern Anhui Plain and is an extremely water-scarce city, and the per capita water resources are less than a quarter of the national average.

“In the past, the daily water used was groundwater. After boiling, the water tends to be alkaline, and it is a little astringent when drinking.” An Yingying said that it was difficult to adapt when she came to Bozhou. first, so she installed a water purifier in the home, but every two or three Every day it is necessary to replace the filter.

As the project of diverting the Yangtze River to the Huaihe River continues to advance, on December 30, 2022, the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River will achieve a historic “hand in hand”.

In early spring, the breeze blows gently on the water, causing ripples. On the wide water, flocks of birds swim and play. In the south of Bozhou City, overlooking from the air, the newly built Bozhou Regulating and Storage Reservoir is full of vitality.

As an important station in the northern part of the river water diversion project, the diverted Yangtze River water goes north along the Huaihe River and the Xifei River, and is transported through pipelines to the “big water tank” this covers an area of ​​approximately 3,000 mu) Municipal water supply lines are sent to thousands of homes.

“Home and workplace have access to diverted water, and it’s great to be able to drink the ‘birth water’ more than 400 kilometers away!” An Yingying said with a smile.

  [Dywedodd yr ysgrifennydd cyffredinol felly]

In May 2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping stated at the National Conference on Ecological and Environmental Protection that “in order to control water pollution and protect the water environment, it is necessary to comprehensively coordinate the left and right banks, upstream and downstream, land and water, surface and underground, rivers and oceans, and aquatic ecology. Water resources, pollution prevention and ecological protection, to achieve the best effect of systematic governance.”

  [Adar yn canmol ecoleg Llyn Chaohu gyda’u hadenydd]

Eight hundred miles away from the shores of Chaohu Lake, the figure skilfully raised his camera to freeze the beautiful scenery in front of him. His name is Qian Maosong, and he is a photographer with more than ten years of experience in bird watching. He has taken tens of thousands of “Flying Birds of Chaohu Lake” so far.

“In the original Chaohu Lake, blue algae broke out in the summer, and the stench was so strong that people could not stay on the shore, not to mention birds.” Remembering the scene of Chaohu Lake’s past, Qian Maosong shook his head. In the past, Chaohu Lake suffered from “ecological trauma”, and the lake water was once dark green, and it was even difficult for boats and boats in severe cases.

Learn from the pain and make up your mind. From the “red line” of the legislation to protect Chaohu Lake to the ten-year fishing ban, from the ecological dredging of the lake’s sediment to the construction of ecological wetlands at the entrance of the lake to purify water… Under systematic governance. , the ecological barrier of Chaohu Lake has been built initially, and the ecological environment has continued to improve Chaohu Lake has gradually become a paradise for birds.

In recent years, Qian Maosong has added many “new friends” to his shots: northern swans, colorful kingfishers, cotton mallards were discovered for the first time… There are almost 200 species of waterfowl which he took photographs of on his own. “The birds voted for the ecology of Chaohu Lake with their wings,” said Qian Maosong.

  [Dywedodd yr ysgrifennydd cyffredinol felly]

In October 2021, when General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected the mouth of the Yellow River, he urged, “The Yellow River is our mother river, and protection is the premise. We must do a good job in the ecological protection of the Yellow River from the start to finish, and persevere.”

  [Aber Afon Felen, tywydd gwlyptir newydd]

Spring is in full swing. In the Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve in Shandong, flocks of migratory birds walk comfortably, or spread their wings and soar, singing one after the other.

“The cheerful chirping of birds is my favorite ‘song’.” said Wang Lidong, Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve Wetland Restoration Project engineer.

One of the priorities of Wang Lidong’s work is the ecological replenishment of nature reserves. From March to July every year, he pays close attention to the water level of the Yellow River, and takes different measures to deliver water to the wetland in time according to the flow of the Yellow River and the demand of the wetland.

The Yellow River enters the sea from Dongying, Shandong Province through nine bends and eighteen bends, creating a unique Yellow River Delta – the most complete and youngest wetland ecosystem in my country’s warm temperate zone. In the past, the amount of water and sediment from the Yellow River continued to decrease, the flow path stabilized, the riverbed was cut down, and the hydrological connectivity between the Yellow River and the wetland was reduced, leading to soil salinization , vegetation. degradation, and loss of habitat for birds.

The reserve has implemented a series of wetland restoration projects, established a scientific and reasonable water system pattern of “taking, storing, transporting, using and draining”, forming a main circulation road of “river, land, beach, and sea” going inside. the sea, and opened the connection between the Yellow River and the “Capillaries” wetland.

“Through the construction of the Yellow River Diversion Port, water supply channels, micro-topography and a water supply monitoring network, we have completely improved the ecological water supply conditions of the wetland.” Wang Lidong said, “Now there are so many birds that I cannot recognize.”

Talking and laughing, a group of waterfowl flew into the sky, and the reeds on the bank swayed in the wind. (Reporters Liu Jing, Chen Shangying, Dai Wei, Shao Kun, Yao Ziyun, Luan Ruohui)

责编:丛芳瑶 ]


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