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North Korea and Russia Expand Exchanges and Cooperation Following Summit Meeting

North Korea and Russia held their first summit meeting in over four years, marking a significant milestone in their relationship. The two countries have expressed their intention to expand cooperation and exchanges in various fields, including tourism, culture, and education. One of the notable outcomes of the meeting is the plan to resume regular flights between Pyongyang and Vladivostok, indicating a desire to strengthen ties between the two nations. However, it remains to be seen whether this move is a result of opening borders to Russia after China.

There are concerns about the potential implications of resuming flight operations. Speculations have arisen regarding the possibility of transporting goods, such as food or weapons, along with personnel movement. The specific focus of the flight resumption has yet to be confirmed, further adding to the ambiguity surrounding this matter.

The North Korea-Russia summit initially centered on military cooperation. However, a subsequent announcement revealed plans to discuss collaboration in various sectors, highlighting the intention to diversify their partnership beyond defense. Topics such as tourism, culture, and education emerged as key areas of mutual interest.

To systematically address the exchange and cooperation measures discussed during the summit, a committee meeting between the two governments is scheduled to take place in North Korea in November. While details of the summit’s outcomes have not been released, the delay until November raises questions about the timing of these discussions.

The close ties between North Korea and Russia have drawn attention from neighboring countries, particularly the United States and China. China’s actions, in particular, have garnered significant interest. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi held meetings with both United States and Russian counterparts, emphasizing cooperation with Russia. Despite the absence of an official statement during the North Korea-Russia talks, China’s moves suggest a strategic interest in strengthening its relationships with North Korea and Russia.

Given the competitive nature of the relationship between the United States and China, some analysts have suggested that closer ties with North Korea and Russia could prove advantageous for China. This raises questions about how China intends to leverage its relationships with North Korea and Russia. The forthcoming Belt and Road Summit in Beijing, where President Putin is expected to attend, further fuels speculation about the future dynamics among these nations.

Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s extensive discussions with White House National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan reflect both the substance and complexity of the United States-China relationship. Described as honest, substantial, and constructive, the talks indirectly acknowledge underlying differences between the two nations. In contrast, Wang Yi’s meeting with Russian Minister Lavrov affirmed positive momentum in the China-Russia relationship. The differences between talks with the United States and Russia reflect unique dynamics and the distinct interests of each party involved.

There are ongoing speculations regarding North Korean Chairman Kim Jong-un’s possible visit to China and a potential summit with President Xi Jinping. With the Hangzhou Asian Games and the Belt and Road Summit taking place in China in September and October, respectively, Chairman Kim faces a strategic choice between a North Korea-China summit or a tripartite meeting involving North Korea, China, and Russia. The timing and context of these events will shape the decision-making process for Chairman Kim.

The possibility of a US-China summit meeting in the future remains uncertain. The APEC summit scheduled for November in San Francisco presents an opportunity for North Korea, China, and Russia to meet beforehand. The dynamics between these nations and the potential role China plays in its meeting with President Biden will be crucial factors to watch.

Against the backdrop of North Korea’s deepening relationship with Russia, there is a growing recognition of the need to resume dialogue between China and Korea. Efforts are underway to hold a Korea-China-Japan summit within the year, further emphasizing the importance of a Korea-China summit. These engagements aim to foster regional stability and address key issues of mutual concern.

The ongoing conflict in Ukraine has sparked concerns among the international community, fueling worries about the potential consequences of North Korea’s proximity to Russia. The United States, in particular, views this relationship with caution due to the conflict. Prolonged tensions in Ukraine could introduce a new variable, with some analysts raising the possibility of China’s intervention in the Taiwan Strait. The real possibility of such an outcome remains uncertain but demands attention.

President Yoon’s attendance at the United Nations General Assembly comes at a time of heightened military exchanges between North Korea and Russia. As he prepares to deliver his keynote speech, speculations abound about the message he will convey. Amidst these rapidly evolving dynamics, President Yoon’s address will likely emphasize the importance of peace, stability, and diplomacy in resolving regional challenges.

Regarding the security conference held in Incheon, experts highlighted the need to resume dialogue between China and Korea. As efforts are made to hold a Korea-China-Japan summit and a Korea-China summit, it is clear that diplomatic engagement is seen as essential for regional cooperation. The discussion during the conference also touched upon the possibility of an extended conflict in Ukraine, which could have broader implications for the international community, including the potential for China’s involvement in the Taiwan Strait.

In conclusion, the recent summit between North Korea and Russia marks a pivotal moment in their relationship. The subsequent expansion of exchanges and cooperation in various sectors highlights a desire to deepen ties. These developments have sparked interest among neighboring countries, particularly China, whose actions suggest a strategic pursuit of stronger relationships with North Korea and Russia. Amidst these changing dynamics, the international community closely watches the potential outcomes of these engagements and their implications for regional stability.

North Korea and Russia, which held their first summit meeting in four years and five months, are expanding exchanges and cooperation in various fields following the meeting.

Meanwhile, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with Russia’s diplomatic chief following the United States and emphasized cooperation with Russia.

Following the North Korea-Russia summit, attention is being paid to whether the US-China and China-Russia summits will take place.

President Yoon, who arrived in New York to attend the United Nations General Assembly, plans to issue a warning message about military exchanges between North Korea and Russia.

There is also the possibility that South Korea, the United States, and Japan will act jointly.

Let’s talk about related details with Kim Jae-cheon, a professor at Sogang University’s Graduate School of International Studies.

welcome

<질문 1> North Korea and Russia held their first summit meeting in four years and five months and showed their military cooperation. After the meeting, it seems that they will expand exchanges and cooperation in different fields such as tourism, culture and education. They say they will soon resume regular flights between Pyongyang and Vladivostok. Are they opening borders to Russia after China?

<질문 1-1> It is not yet confirmed where this resumption of flight operations is specifically focused. If actual air operations resume, is there a possibility that food or weapons, etc. will be airlifted along with the movement of personnel?

<질문 2> According to an interview with Russian Minister of Natural Resources Aleksandr Kozlov, during this summit, the two countries also exchanged views on expanding the quota for North Korean students studying abroad in Russia and revitalizing cultural exchanges. In the North Korea-Russia summit, the focus was on military cooperation, but after the meeting, it was announced that they would discuss cooperation in different areas such as tourism, culture and education. What should this be the intention?

<질문 2-1> It is said that a committee meeting between the two governments will be held in North Korea in November to systematically discuss the exchange and cooperation measures discussed at the summit. Currently, there has been no agreement or joint press conference containing the results of the North Korea-Russia summit, so it is unclear what exchange and cooperation plans were in place.Wouldn’t November be a little late? Why is it called November?

<질문 3> Neighboring countries, including the United States and China, appear to be busy due to North Korea’s close ties with Russia. Among them, China’s moves attract the most attention. China’s top diplomat, Foreign Minister Wang Yi, met with White House National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan in Malta and then immediately flew to Moscow to meet with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. No official statement was made during the North Korea-Russia talks, right? How do you see China’s actions?

<질문 3-1> According to CNN, given the competitive structure between the United States and China, an analysis was made that a closer relationship with North Korea and Russia would actually be useful for China. How do you think China will use its close relationship with North Korea and Russia?

<질문 4> Foreign Minister Wang Yi is said to have met with White House National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan in Malta and had a detailed conversation for about 12 hours over two days. The United States and China said that they had had honest, substantial and constructive talks. I heard that this phrase is used in diplomatic circles to indirectly indicate that there is a difference of opinion between the two sides. What did you think of the meeting between the top diplomats of the United States and China?

<질문 4-1> Foreign Minister Wang Yi, who went to Russia, said in a meeting with Russian Minister Lavrov, “China and Russia pursue independent foreign policies,” and evaluated that China and Russia are maintaining positive development momentum. Compared to the US-China talks, what do you think was different about the talks with Russia?

<질문 5> There is also speculation that North Korean Chairman Kim Jong-un will visit China and hold a summit meeting with President Xi Jinping on the occasion of the Hangzhou Asian Games. The Belt and Road Summit will be held in Beijing in October, and President Putin will reportedly attend. How do you think Chairman Kim Jong-un will choose a North Korea-China summit or a meeting between the three leaders of North Korea, China, and Russia?

<질문 5-1> In chronological order, the Asian Games will be held in Hangzhou, China in September, and the Belt and Road Summit will be held in Beijing, China in October. Then, in November, the APEC summit will be held in San Francisco, USA. A picture will be created where North Korea, China, and Russia will meet first and then the US and China What do you think is the possibility of a US-China summit meeting? Also, what kind of cards will China play when meeting with President Biden?

<질문 6> Yesterday, there was a security conference in Incheon attended by domestic and foreign scholars. Here, Victor Cha, Distinguished Professor of Korea at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, said there is a need to resume dialogue between China and Korea. Korea is also pushing to hold a Korea-China-Japan summit within the year, but a Korea-China summit also seems necessary. How do you see it?

<질문 6-1> In yesterday’s meeting, there was also talk of extending the war in Ukraine. In fact, the reason the United States is wary of North Korea’s close relationship with Russia is because of the war in Ukraine. If this war is long, another variable may come into play in the international community. .In particular, there is an analysis that China can invade the Taiwan Strait. What do you think is the real possibility?

<질문 7> Finally, let’s talk about President Yoon’s attendance at the United Nations General Assembly. President Yoon is attending the United Nations General Assembly amid high-profile military exchanges between North Korea and Russia. I am attending for the second year in a row. You will give a keynote speech at dawn the day after tomorrow (the 21st), Korean time What message do you think you will give?

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2023/09/19 10:53 Sent

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