In winter, the weather is dry, the air humidity is low, together with the use of heaters, the nasal mucosa is dry and the blood vessels in the nose become fragile, which n is damaged and causes nosebleeds. Nosebleeds can have many other reasons besides dryness, so let’s explore their causes and how to deal with them.
What are the causes of nosebleeds?
There are many reasons for a nosebleed, the most common causes being: picking the nose, blowing the nose forcefully, upper respiratory tract infection, sinusitis, rhinitis, etc., also due to foreign objects entering the r nose, trauma to the nose, taking blood thinners, chemical irritants, nasal septum deviation or wrong use of nasal spray, etc. Other medical conditions can also cause nosebleeds, such as high blood pressure, blood clotting problems, etc. But the most worrying thing has to be the nasopharyngeal cancer or malignant tumor of the nasal cavity that we often hear about.
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How to deal with a nosebleed?
In fact, there are different opinions on how to deal with a nosebleed: some people think they should lower their heads and press their noses, while others think they should look up to the sky; Is it correct?
In the case of a nosebleed, you can generally use your index finger and thumb to squeeze the sides of the nose, and tilt your head slightly forward until the nosebleed stops. It is not recommended to raise the head to avoid accidentally breathing nosebleeds into the lungs, causing danger. If the nosebleeds continue, it is recommended to seek medical attention immediately or go to the emergency department of a nearby hospital.
Otolaryngologists have the opportunity to use a variety of nasal coverings to achieve hemostasis. Depending on the situation, a nasal endoscopy will also be used to check the cause and location of the bleeding. If the nosebleed is caused by a ruptured nasal membrane or blood vessel, an instrument can be used to stop the bleeding such as electrocautery or a vessel closure procedure.
How to prevent re-pleading?
To prevent nasal membrane damage and bleeding, as well as avoid nasal membrane damage caused by excessive force when picking your nose or blowing your nose, you must also keep the air in your home moist, and avoid excessive use of nasal sprays, due to incorrect use Can also cause bleeding Nosebleeds; if the patient is taking drugs to prevent blood clotting, it is necessary to consult a doctor to make appropriate adjustments. If the cause cannot be determined, it is recommended to seek medical advice to find out the cause and prescribe the correct medication.
Share causes: Blood vessels are too thick and prone to nosebleeds
A mother once brought her son, who was in middle school, to see a doctor. It turns out he’s had nosebleeds from time to time every year since elementary school (every time it was from the right nostril), and sometimes he even had to take sick leave or miss some activities. When he was in middle school, his son loved playing basketball, and he would get nosebleeds from bumping into each other from time to time. He was also prone to bleeding. due to dry weather or rubbing his nose during the week. finally the mother took her son to the doctor and asked the doctor to perform an endoscopy.
“Now I know that the blood vessels in my son’s right nose are very thick, no wonder he is so prone to nosebleeds.” At the clinic, the doctor used local anesthesia to stop the bleeding and sealed the blood vessels, and he did not suffer from nosebleeds again. “If I had known earlier that I could deal with him like this, I wouldn’t have made Zai Zai suffer for so many years!”
Persistent nosebleeds can have serious consequences if ignored
The causes of nosebleeds can vary greatly. If nosebleeds continue or nasal secretions are bloody for a long time, it is recommended to seek medical advice as soon as possible, and find out the cause correctly through different types of examinations. Taking nasopharyngeal carcinoma as an example, doctors not only need a clinical examination and nasopharyngeal endoscopy, but often also need to take tissue, blood and imaging tests to make an accurate diagnosis. People with a family medical history, lumps on the neck, hearing impairment, ear pain or ringing in the ears, or headaches should be particularly careful.
The early symptoms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma are not obvious. In many cases, when the patient first seeks a doctor, the metastasis has already spread to the lymphatic nucleus of the cervix, and even spread to other organs, by miss the golden opportunity for treatment.
Written by: Dr. Qiu Qicong, Specialist in Otorhinolaryngology
Further reading: 4 main causes of nasopharyngeal carcinoma
According to the Hong Kong Department of Health, nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a cancer caused by the abnormal growth of nasopharyngeal cells. The majority of patients with this malignant tumor are men, and it is more common in southern China, especially in Guangdong. There are four main causes of nasopharyngeal carcinoma:
According to the Department of Health, members of the public can prevent nasal cancer using the following methods:
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