Obesity surgery, like gastric banding, has a life-prolonging effect

US research team “Severely obese adults who underwent surgery have a 16% lower risk of death than the control group”
“The risk of heart disease, cancer death, and diabetes is 29%, 43%, and 72%, respectively. Improving the Quality of Health

A surgeon measures the belly of an obese male patient and prepares for bariatric surgery. Getty Image Bank

Bariatric surgery is a highly advanced bariatric surgery performed laparoscopically without an abdominal incision. This operation is called an extreme treatment for severe obesity.

However, research has shown that bariatric surgery has a life-prolonging effect.

Severely obese adults who underwent Beatrix surgery had a lower risk of death from heart disease, cancer and diabetes than the control group without surgery.

According to a report by HealthDay News on the 27th, a research team led by Professor Ted Adams of Integrative Nutrition and Physiology at the University of Utah School of Medicine compared and analyzed severely obese adults who underwent Beriatrix surgery and a very obese control group who did not that. have this operation. The same fact was revealed.

Bariatric surgery is mainly performed by ‘gastric band surgery’, which reduces food intake by shrinking the stomach, and ‘gastric bypass surgery’, which restricts food absorption by shortening the small intestine. This operation is known as a way to quickly recover from health problems caused by obesity, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

The research team selected 21,837 severely obese adults who underwent bariatric surgery from the Utah Population database and a control group of 21,837 very obese people who did not undergo bariatric surgery by matching them on various conditions such as age, gender and weight. Data were compared and analyzed .

The bariatric surgery group underwent one of four bariatric surgeries: ‘Ruwai gastric bypass’, ‘gastric sleeve resection’, ‘adjustable gastric band surgery’, and ‘pancreas biliary bypass’.

The research team carried out a study using a statistical technique called ‘Cox Regression’ by stratifying the predictive model from data such as age at the time of surgery, gender, and the type of surgery.

The bariatric surgery group was followed up to 40 years after surgery.

As a result, the risk of all-cause mortality among men and women in the bariatric surgery group was 16% lower than the risk in the obese control group who did not undergo bariatric surgery. In addition, the risk of heart disease was 29%, the risk of cancer death was 43%, and the risk of diabetes was 72% lower than the control group.

Getty Image Bank

However, there were also negative aspects to note. The bariatric surgery group had an 83% higher death rate from ‘chronic liver disease’ than the control group.

The reason, according to the research team, was that a change in the mechanism for absorbing alcohol in the body appears after significant weight loss after bariatric surgery.

Also, the risk of suicide in the bariatric surgery group was 2.4 times higher than in the control group. Suicide risk was mainly in the 18-34 age group.

The research team did not look at data on behavioral problems or substance abuse before surgery.

Therefore, the research team emphasized that the younger age group needs to check if there are any mental health problems before undergoing bariatric surgery and follow-up after surgery.

Although the study did not assess the quality of life of the participants, the research team argued that fewer diseases can be interpreted as a corresponding improvement in the quality of health, and that a better quality of health can be interpreted as an improvement in the quality of life.

The findings were published in the latest issue of Obesity, a journal of the American Obesity Association.

Lee Seung-goo Online News Reporter lee_owl@segye.com

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