Page 1 Scoop: Looking at foreigners, scrapping the national government model

Page 1 Scoop: Looking at foreigners, scrapping the national government model

This moment, a matter of establishing a national government according to the idea of ​​Mr Jadet Insawang, a member of the Senedd It is becoming a very hot topic in Thailand. by reasoning that the establishment of a national government It is something that answers the question of Thai politics at the moment. by giving all parties regardless of which pole to bring their own advantages together to do for the country The proposal attracted a lot of opposition. and also raise doubts about that in other countries. Is there a national government too? How does it look and work?

The important thing is, is it really a mechanism that can manage the country smoothly as many parties understand it?

A national government is generally defined as a coalition that includes all political parties. or are all major political parties in the legislative assembly even if they are competitors Come together to form a coalition government to promote national unity and political stability.

Most often it happens in situations where the country is in a state of crisis, such as war or national emergencies such as natural disasters. or economic disaster

Another key feature of national governments is that there is no opposition. Or if there is an opposition, it is very small. or it carves no significance

in the history of world politics National governments have been established in many countries around the world for different reasons and contexts. Be it to break through the dead end of the political crisis. Civil War Or in a state where the country is in crisis and disorder which requires total control of executive power

Israel is an example of a country that has experienced the formation of a series of national governments by competing main political parties. which national governments emerged in the days before the 1967 Six Day War between Israel and Arab nations, in the late 1980s, and after the COVID-19 pandemic. which requires the establishment of a national government Because no political party gathered a majority to successfully form a government Since Israel’s general election in April 2019, there have been three elections in total.

Including the election in 2021, where the Likud Party was led by then Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. got the most votes but was unable to form a government As a result, the party with the second most votes was the Yeez Athid Party, led by its leader, Yair Lapid, who led the formation of a national government with a coalition of eight political parties with the goal of ousting Netanyahu.

This national government is also considered to be the most diverse national government in Israel’s history. including right-wing, moderate, left-wing and Islamist parties. This national government has two prime ministers under contract to take turns in their positions.
Two years between Lapid and Naftali Bennett of the Yamina Party.

Afghanistan has a national unity government established in 2020 following the Afghan presidential election held on September 28, 2019. Mr. Abdullah Abdullah, the second place candidate filed an appeal against the results of the preliminary election stating that the then-President of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani won his re-election with 50.64% ahead after a delay in the results of the disputed vote. Ghani took the opportunity to declare victory after the final election results were announced on February 18, 2020, but Abdullah rejected the victory and formed a rival government. Ghani was formally sworn in as president for a second term on March 9 of the same year.

But the political situation in Afghanistan is still in an unresolved crisis. Until May 16, 2020, when Ghani and Abdullah tried to compromise, a power-sharing agreement was signed, with Ghani taking the presidency and Abdullah. He served as the leader of peace talks with the Taliban.

Croatia, a country located in Central Europe. It used to be one of the six republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. A national government was established in 1991 with Franjo Gregoric as prime minister. to cope with the start of the Croatian War of Liberation even in the Cabinet Ministers from small political parties will also join the cabinet, but the ministerial positions that control different ministries. All the quotas came from the Croatian Democratic Union Party, the largest political party.

In South Africa, the interim constitution The multilateral negotiations aimed at ending apartheid in South Africa which began in 1990 allowed all parties that received more than 10% of the vote in the 1994 general election to be eligible to participate in the national government As a result, members of many parties have had a chairman in the cabinet.

Most of the power is in the hands of the African National Congress (ANC), led by Nelson Mandela, who fought to end apartheid. and the lack of power to make decisions together As a result, the National Party The second largest party withdrew from the national government in 1996, but remained in power until a general election in 1999.

Sweden, a Nordic country ruled in a parliamentary democracy with a monarch as head of state In the past, only one national government was established. Namely, during the Second World War, in a government called the Third cabinet per Albin Hansson, in office between 13 December 1939 and 31 July 1945 as a government that includes political parties from all parties. apart from the Communist Party which was considered pro-Soviet at the time The ultimate aim of this national policy is to Prevent Sweden from War

Myanmar, neighboring Thailand, also established the National Unity Government (NUG), which proclaims itself a shadow government. Parallel to the Myanmar military government, after the incident, the Myanmar Army staged a coup that seized power from the civilian government of Aung San Suu Kyi of the National League for Democracy (NLD) on February 1, 2021. a national unity government that is different to the above definition and context by the National Unity Government of Myanmar It does not come from a combination of all the political parties in the country. but is caused by the combination of these NLD MPs who have been taken to power have forced some to flee the country, as well as minority rebels. and other smaller parties that came together to move against Myanmar’s military dictatorship They were labeled by the military government as a terrorist organization!

That is a national government model from around the world. while Thailand just had an election and there are election results. The party that got the first number of MPs gathered seven other parties and announced the formation of a government. but he still has a proposal for a national government

That can be expected in this situation If Thailand were to form a national government In what direction will our country take it?

Step forward or step back…!?!


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