Peace or justice… Conflict in the West begins over end of war in Ukraine

The British Economist… Europe’s ‘quick negotiation vs harsh punishment’, the US is ambiguous
Amid Ukrainian optimism, some European countries are tired, fear of US inertia

As the war in Ukraine lasted more than three months, Western countries began to divide their positions over the outcome, Western media analyzed.

In a recent issue of The Economist, an article titled ‘How the War in Ukraine Will End’ reported that Western countries were split into two teams, each with their own positions.

Ivan Krastev of the Center for Freedom Strategy (CLS), a Bulgarian think tank, told The Economist that there is a ‘peace team’ to stop fighting quickly and start negotiations, and a ‘justice team’ to say that Russia must pay a harsh price.

According to The Economist, the first controversial area is the territory.

There are talks that Russia should keep the land it has occupied, return it to what it was before the invasion, or even give up the territory it had seized in 2014.

On the ‘peace’ side, Germany is demanding a ceasefire, Italy is proposing a four-phase plan for a political agreement, and France is talking about a future peace agreement in which Russia will not suffer humiliation.

On the other side, Britain has the loudest voice, followed by Poland and the Baltic States.

Although the US Congress passed a $40 billion (about 50 trillion won) aid bill, it has not set any clear goals other than to increase Ukraine’s bargaining power.

They provide assistance but are not unlimited, so they provide guns but not the long-range rockets that Ukraine demands.

Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin’s position is ambiguous.

During a visit to Kiiwu, Ukraine last month, he said the West must help Ukraine win, but after speaking with Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu three weeks later, he called for an immediate ceasefire.

The Pentagon insists there is no policy change.

An editorial in the New York Times argued that a Russian defeat was unrealistic and dangerous, and former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger said negotiations should begin within two months.

The Economist now argues that the proposition that Ukrainians determine the future is preventing division, but Ukraine’s choices are also determined by what the West has to offer.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky also said in Davos that Ukraine is strong enough to unite Europe and that he will fight until all of its territory is reclaimed, but left room for negotiations if Russia withdraws before the February 24 invasion.

The Peace side is concerned that the longer the battle, the higher the cost for Ukraine and the world, but the Justice side counters that the effect of the Russian sanctions is now starting to show and Ukraine can win if more time and weapons are provided.

Behind this opinion are two opposing concerns: the Russian military remains strong and its instability.

Peace or justice...  Conflict in the West begins over end of war in Ukraine

There are concerns that Russia could attack the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) or use chemical weapons and even nuclear weapons if Russia is in a state of complete defeat.

French President Emmanuel Macron says Europe must find a way to coexist with Russia in the long run, but Estonian Prime Minister Kaya Callas says surrender is far more dangerous than provocation.

Ukraine is very optimistic, but is concerned about fatigue in some European countries.

“I don’t say it directly, but it feels like they’re trying to force surrender,” the Ukrainian negotiator said.

He also complained about America’s ‘inertia’, saying there weren’t enough weapons.

The Economist said that the end of the war depends in large part on Russia, but Russia is not in a rush to a ceasefire, appears to be determined to take all of Donbas, and talks about further occupation of the West.

“It’s really a stalemate and a compromise will only be possible after both sides realize that,” said Volodymyr Pesenko, a Ukrainian political analyst.

Peace or justice...  Conflict in the West begins over end of war in Ukraine

The New York Times also reported on the 26th, ‘How will it end? In an article titled ‘Crack Appears over Components of Ukraine’s Victory’, political leaders have recently called for a Ukrainian victory, but underneath the surface there is a split over the form of victory and whether the definition of victory is the same in the United States, Europe and Ukraine. Diagnosed.

/yunhap news

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