Original title: Photovoltaic poverty alleviation benefited 4.15 million poor households, becoming China’s first targeted poverty alleviation sample program, which can generate about 18 billion power generation revenue each year
Energy is modernsocietyThe important foundation and driving force for development is also the economic development,improveAn indispensable basic condition for people’s livelihood.
On October 19, the State Council Information Office held a meeting on the energy industry’s decisive victory over poverty alleviation.Press conference。
Zhang Jianhua, director of the National Energy Administration, stated at the press conference that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the National Energy Administration has focused on deeply impoverished areas such as the “three regions and three states”, coordinating the promotion of energy development and construction and poverty alleviation, and energy poverty alleviation.jobsObvious results have been achieved.
The rural electrification rate increased to around 18%
In terms of the effectiveness of energy poverty alleviation work, first of all, rural electricity conditions have been greatly improved.
Zhang Jianhua said that in 2015, my country completed the power construction project in areas without electricity, solved the electricity problem of 40 million people without electricity, and took the lead in realizing electricity for everyone in developing countries.
“It should be said that this achievement is very large, because there are still 800 million people in the world without electricity, mainly in developing countries.” Zhang Jianhua said that in the first half of this year, my country completed the “three regions and three states” ahead of schedule. , The three-year action plan for the transformation and upgrading of rural power grids in Dibian villages has significantly improved the basic production and living electricity conditions of more than 210 state-level poor counties and more than 19 million people in deeply impoverished areas.
At present, the average power outage time in rural areas has been reduced from more than 50 hours in 2015 to about 15 hours, the comprehensive voltage qualification rate has increased from 94.96% to 99.7%, and the average household power distribution capacity has increased from 1.67 kVA to 2.7 kVA.
At the same time, profound changes have taken place in rural energy use. On the one hand, the level of electrification has increased significantly.At present, the rural electrification rate is about 18%, an increase of 7 percentage points over 2012; the utilization rate of refrigerators and washing machines has increased significantly, and theOwnershipThis is more than twice that in 2012. Induction cookers and rice cookers have become common cooking tools, and motorcycles and agricultural vehicles have gradually been replaced by electric vehicles.
On the other hand, the degree of clean energy consumption is constantly improving. In 2018, clean energy accounted forconsumption21.8% of the total, an increase of 8.6 percentage points over 2012, and the use of straw and firewood decreased by 52.5%. Electricity, natural gas and biomass energy are used more for heating in winter in northern regions.
The effect of poverty alleviation driven by energy poverty alleviation is becoming more and more obvious. “The income of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects is stable and effective, and it has a direct effect on poverty alleviation.” Zhang Jianhua said that a total of 26.36 million kilowatts of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations have been built across the country, benefiting nearly 60,000 poor villages and 4.15 million poor households, and can generate power generation revenue every year. Approximately 18 billion yuan, correspondingly arranged for public welfarepost1.25 million.
Not only that, energy development and construction have also created a lot ofEmploymentopportunity. Since 2012, a total of 31 large-scale hydropower stations, 64.78 million kilowatts, and 39 modern coal mines have been constructed in poverty-stricken areas.Production capacity160 million tons, clean and efficient coal power exceeds 70 million kilowatts, and a total of more than 100,000 jobs have been created.
The focus of photovoltaic poverty alleviation work shifts to operation and maintenance
Among energy poverty alleviation methods, photovoltaic poverty alleviation is my country’s developmentindustryA brand-new attempt to alleviate poverty and asset income. It is the world’s first Chinese plan for targeted poverty alleviation.borrowJian sample.
According to Li Chuangjun, head of the New Energy and Renewable Energy Department of the National Energy Administration, photovoltaic poverty alleviation is widely welcomed in poverty alleviation, mainly due to its several characteristics: one is the popularization of resources, “light resources are available everywhere”; The maintenance is simple, “the photovoltaic panels can be assembled to generate electricity”; the third is stable income, “generation income is monthly”; the fourth is sustainable operation, “general power generation life can reach 20-25 years.”
Li Chuangjun said that the Energy Bureau will work with the State Council’s Poverty Alleviation Office,financialThe Ministry and other relevant departments have done a lot of work in supporting photovoltaic poverty alleviation. In addition to solidly advancing the construction task, they have also continuously improved the policy system, which can be summed up as “four advantages and two no”.
“Four Excellent” is to give priority toConstruction scaleAnd plan, prioritize schedulingGuaranteeFully consumed and listed firstFinancial subsidyCatalog, give priority to financial subsidy funds. The “two nos” means that under the circumstance that the cost of photovoltaic power stations has been continuously reduced in recent years, the electricity price of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations will not be bid or regressed. These policies have effectively guaranteed the benefits of photovoltaic poverty alleviation.
In fact, in recent years, the pace of photovoltaic grid parity has been accelerating. Chairman of China Photovoltaic Industry Association,Trina SolardirectorChang Gao Jifan previouslyaccept“Daily Business News” reporter said in an interview that while guiding the development of photovoltaic parity grid-connected projects, reasonable subsidies should be given to projects that need subsidies, especially for the benefit ofCommon peopleThe household photovoltaics should be subsidized.
“At present, all relevant construction tasks have been completed, and the current focus of work has shifted to operation and maintenance.” Li Chuangjun said that the next step is to standardize operation and maintenance.management.While ensuring the operation and maintenance of professional forces, make good use of the national photovoltaic to help the poorInformation managementCloud platform, through moderninformation TechnologyMeans to achieve full life cycle monitoring to ensure the normal operation of the power station.
In addition, asset management must be regulated. “All the photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations that meet the policy and included in the subsidy list must be unifiedcoding, Registered. “Li Chuangjun said, this will achieve a clear picture, clear conditions, and effective management of photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations, and truly make photovoltaic poverty alleviation power stations a “sunshine” that cannot be removed from poverty.bank“, the “Blue Poverty Alleviation Task Force” that cannot be withdrawn makes it a high-quality asset that can truly help poverty alleviation.
(Source: Daily Economic News)
(Editor in charge: DF387)
Solemnly declare: The purpose of this information released by Oriental Fortune.com is to spread more information and has nothing to do with this stand.