Warawut Silpa-archa, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment gave a panel discussion at Better Thailand on the topic of “New Environment grow with the economy” that in the past 2-3 years, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment have coordinated all departments To solve the problem of pollution that is an important problem in Thailand, including air, waste water and garbage.
As for the problem of air pollution, PM 2.5 dust has dropped by nearly 20%, while heat points in Thailand are improving, with a decline of nearly 70% due to people’s cooperation in reducing open-air burning. and from government measures on the part of the waste water problem Although in the past there has been a control and enhance licensing But from the water quality survey found that it is not as good as it should be The amount of waste in Thailand There is still insufficient management. However, a discussion with a group of waste sellers (Sa Leng) found that the price of recycled waste has increased. from the government’s measures to limit the amount of plastic scrap imports and electronic waste
However, all three problems are important factors. To reduce the amount of carbon dioxide or greenhouse gas in Thailand. According to the speech of Gen. Prayut Chan-o-cha, Prime Minister and Minister of Defense At a meeting of the States Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 26), it said it would reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to the maximum by 2030 and achieve a Net Zero goal, or carbon neutrality, by 2065.
At present, Thailand has been greatly affected by climate change, such as the large amount of water in the year 64 which caused flooding problems. and high seas Therefore, environmentally conscious actions must be taken according to the plans announced in COP 26, such as Carbon Credit and Carbon Neutrality, etc.
“Reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 is a must for our country. If we can’t, that’s okay. But the impact will come back to happen to us. The person who will punish us is not a foreign country. However, some countries have begun to adopt environmental measures to determine the amount of greenhouse gas emissions and reabsorption (Carbon Footprint) of their products. Therefore, Thailand has to accelerate its own development. and various departments that Thailand will be able to do exactly as they say.”
Mr Warawut said
Mr. Kulit Sombatsiri, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Energy, said that in 64, Thailand released 247 million tons of carbon dioxide, of which two-thirds came from the energy sector, 36% of electricity generation, 28% of the transportation sector, 31 percent of the industrial sector and 5% of the agricultural sector. It can be seen that the energy sector, electricity generation and transportation sectors have a large amount of carbon dioxide emissions. This is because fossil fuels, oil and coal are still required to generate electricity.
However, the Thai oil fund is now minus 72,000 million baht due to the need to freeze the price of oil, cooking gas and natural gas, which has risen. One factor is the reduction of foreign production capacity. and the Russo-Ukrainian War, so Thailand should turn to more renewable energy. to release carbon dioxide The government has designed the national energy plan. Promote renewable energy to achieve 50% electricity generation by 2040, produce 30% electric vehicle (EV) by 2030 and increase energy efficiency by 30%.
In order to move forward in accordance with the National Energy Plan Must rely on the stimulus with the measure “4 good friends (D)” as follows:
1. Decarbonization Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Electricity Generation Increase the share of solar power in 20 years to 4,500 megawatts, increase wind power to 1,500 megawatts, increase waste power to 800 megawatts, and buy hydropower from neighboring countries to use.
2. Digitalization Bring the Internet of things to the energy sector, use AI systems to manage data or store data using Smart Meter. In addition, the Data Digital Twin is also used to create a virtual power plant. to see the possibility and see the problem before the actual construction
3. Decentralization Build a small power plant to generate electricity. and can be sold into a large system
4. Deregulation Modernize the rules and are consistent
Mr. Atthaphon Rerkpiboon, Chief Executive Officer and President, PTT Public Company Limited (PTT), said that PTT has planned a strategy since the government announced the Net Zero target at COP26 because PTT Aim to achieve goals faster than announced. Within this year, a clear plan will be announced. Initially, the 3P action plan is as follows:
1. Pursuit of lower Emissions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as much as possible, use energy efficiently, capture carbon dioxide for storage, utilize renewable energy in the organization, test carbon trading and experiment with gas. hydrogen and cars to reduce emissions, etc.
2. Portfolio Transformation Change the vision in line with future operations. Focus on the energy of the future All coal sales will be canceled by the year 65, while the refinery will continue. but will be used to produce more pollution-reducing oil while natural gas continues to be sold
for renewable energy The goal is to have 12,000 megawatts of renewable energy in the portfolio by 2030. The company is also set up to promote the use of EVs and will increase the portfolio by 20% by 2030 in Future Energy and Green Business.
3. Partnership with Nature and Society Planting and maintaining forests with government and community
Mr. Rungroj Rangsiyopash, President Thai Cement Public Company Limited (SCC) said that global warming is a big problem around the world. which can be divided into 3 dimensions: greenhouse gas emissions degradation of natural resources and social inequality which solves such problems Every sector has a duty to help each other.
For SCC, there are ESG 4 Plus implementation plans: 1. Net Zero goals in 2050 to maximize energy efficiency. And use more renewable energy. 2. Go Green. Currently, there are products with Low Carbon Product, which aims to reduce by 2030 by 50%, such as designing packaging to be recyclable. 3. Lean inequality, such as reskilling labor. 4. Emphasize cooperation and 5. Plus fairness and transparency in operation
Dr. Siriruek Songwilai, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Higher Education, Science, Research and Innovation, said that from Thailand’s perspective The BCG economic model (B = Bio Economy, C = Circular Economy, and G = Green Economy) is like an important vaccine. to prevent economic and social changes
The BCG Economic Model Plan is the wish of everyone in the country. that want to work together to achieve which Thailand is a country with a strong foundation in the fields of medicine, agriculture, industry, education and culture. These solid foundations will encourage Thailand to further expand the BCG plan to achieve.
“BCG is not about the future. but is a matter of the present At the moment there is a lot of awakening in this regard in focusing on BCG as the engine of our country.”
Dr Siriruek said
By InfoQuest News Agency (20 May 65)
tags: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, environmental issues, Warawut Silpa-archa, environment, Thai economy