Signs of the spread of monkeypox… WHO Public Health Level 2 Risk Elevation

Monkeypox showing signs of spread
Possibility of upgrading to stage 2 or stage 3 now
More confirmed cases expected to be reported

photo = REUTERS

Monkeypox, which is currently showing signs of spreading in several countries, has been assessed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a ‘moderate risk’ to global public health.

The WHO risk assessment has five categories: level 0 very low risk, level 1 low risk, level 2 moderate risk, level 3 high risk, and level 4 very high risk.

WHO evaluated this on the 29th (local time) and said that monkeypox has the potential to become a human pathogen and can be upgraded to a ‘high risk’ level if it spreads to high-risk groups such as children and immunocompromised groups.

According to the WHO, as of the 26th of this month, 257 confirmed cases and 120 suspected cases were reported in a total of 23 countries in the non-endemic region of monkey pox among 194 member states of the WHO.

The WHO pointed out that the increase in the number of infections at once in areas other than the original outbreak suggests that the transmission has been undiagnosed for several weeks.

Then, as surveillance is strengthened in both endemic and non-endemic areas of monkeypox, it is expected that more confirmed cases will be reported.

At Incheon International Airport, there is a sign on monkey pox quarantine.  / Photo = News 1

At Incheon International Airport, there is a sign on monkey pox quarantine. / Photo = News 1

Monkey smallpox is a zoonotic infectious disease with symptoms similar to smallpox, but with low contagiousness and severity. It is spread through contact with contaminated materials such as lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets, and bedding.

Symptoms include fever, chills, headache, lymph node swelling, and chickenpox-like blistering rash that lasts 2-4 weeks. Most recover spontaneously.

However, about 1 to 10% of the cases lead to death. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the fatality rate is currently around 3-6%. Symptoms appear within 5 to 21 days (average 6 to 13 days) after infection.

In order to prevent monkeypox, it is necessary to refrain from visiting the outbreak area, and if it is an unavoidable visit, precautions such as the use of personal protective equipment and handling and consumption of wild animals are necessary in case of contact with blood or body fluids.

In addition, ▲Do not come into contact with people with suspicious symptoms ▲Do not touch objects of persons with suspicious symptoms ▲Do not touch wild animals in the affected area ▲Wear a mask and observe personal hygiene (handwashing, etc.) Avoid contact with mucous membranes such as the mouth.

Kim Hyun-deok, reporter at

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