During the democratic administration of Jiang Zemin, the mainland was full of luxury and prosperity, singing and dancing, and China also became an impressive economic power. However, there are many abuses in politics and people’s livelihood. Among them, there is serious corruption in the official, “smooth and rich”, official positions are reduced to trading goods, and the social gap between the rich and the poor expand.
Confidant Zhou Yongkang and Bo Xilai plan a coup
During Jiang Zemin’s democratic administration, official corruption was accused of surpassing any period after the founding of the CCP, and the ranks of officials removed from power due to corruption grew higher and higher, including former Politburo member Chen Xitong , former vice chairman of the National People’s Congress Cheng Kejie and other members of the parties and national leaders. In 2004 alone, 10 provincial and ministerial officials across the country were investigated and prosecuted for accepting bribes. The Xiamen Yuanhua Group smuggling case, which shocked China and the world, involved officials from the central and local party, government, and military systems. Corruption permeates all areas of society, even the medical and health sector which has a mission to “save lives and heal the wounded” is not immune.
Corruption was rampant in official circles at that time. According to foreign media reports, mainland government posts with 30 million yuan (RMB‧ the same below, about 33.54 million Hong Kong dollars) started all kinds of chaos. After Jiang retired, most of the officials he promoted were criticized. Corruption issues were revealed one by one, and they were investigated and sentenced. Politburo member Guo Boxiong and others.
Maintaining stability comes first; political system reform stalls
After Jiang Zemin resigned from his post at the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2002, he stayed on as chairman of the Military Commission for two years under the pretext of “helping” him, setting a bad example of the abnormal transition . power in the CCP. Even after he handed over his military power, he was still unwilling to be alone, and whenever there was a major personnel change, he would appear at the right time to show his political influence. In addition, he also installed a large number of cronies in the military and political system, causing disasters for several governments. Foreign media revealed that Jiang’s confidant Zhou Yongkang and former Chongqing Party Secretary Bo Xilai tried to launch a palace coup to seize power.
In addition, Jiang Zemin has taken “stability above all else” as his highest principle for many years, and is not soft on people or things that might endanger stability. In order to maintain stability, reform of the political system has essentially come to a standstill. The authorities have also increased their control over public opinion, and promptly removed the noise from within and outside the party calling for political reform. In terms of diplomacy, Jiang Zemin has not seen any significant achievements. His visits to Japan in 1992 and 1998 failed to achieve the expected results, and he failed to get Japan to apologize for the damage it did to China during the war. On the issue of the great cause of reunification, Jiang Zemin fell into a passive position in the work of Taiwan, and countered Taiwan’s military exercises to make Taiwan’s independence rampant.
The gap between the rich and the poor has been widening for many years
The gap between the rich and the poor continued to widen during the democratic administration of Jiang Zemin. With the rapid economic development, wealth is concentrated in the hands of a few people who become rich first. However, life is still difficult for many people. By 2002, there were 37 million urban poor people, accounting for 12% of the total urban population. In addition, during Jiang Zemin’s era, a large-scale reform of state-owned enterprises took place, and a large number of workers lost their jobs in the process. In 2002, the official number of unemployed people reached 8 million, and it is estimated that the actual number of unemployed is 14 million. Most of these unemployed people have joined the ranks of the poor.
However, Jiang Zemin has made some explanations in terms of economic development. Since he came to power in 1989 after the June 4 incident, he resigned from all posts in 2005. In 16 years, China has become China’s economic power in exchange reserve foreign also increased from more than 50 in 1989. billion (about HK$39 billion), rising suddenly to over US$800 billion (about HK$6.24 trillion) in 2005. During this period, Jiang Zemin made or experienced a number of decisions or events that established its historical status, including witnessing the return of Hong Kong and Macau, “Jiang’s Eight Points” speech to Taiwan, the “Three Represents” thought, and “Uniting”. Russia to make America” diplomatic strategy, etc. Comprehensive report of this newspaper