‘Report of the first two weeks of onset’
“A different look from the early days of the past fashion”
Medical staff in South Africa, who have been hit by the COVID-19 omicron mutant virus, have released a report containing the records of the first two weeks of the outbreak. They said that the number of cases of Omicron’s cases developed to severe seriousness compared to the previous infected cases, and the proportion of oxygen treatment was very low.
The South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) published a report on the 4th (local time) that analyzed the conditions of 166 patients admitted to a general hospital from the 14th to the 29th of last month, when Omicron was epidemic.
What the medical staff paid attention to was the percentage of oxygen treatment that was significantly different from the previous virus. As of the 2nd day, 29 out of 42 patients (70%) in the hospital’s COVID-19 ward did not require oxygen therapy. Four other patients also received oxygen therapy due to underlying diseases such as heart failure unrelated to COVID-19. About 9 people received oxygen treatment for pneumonia symptoms caused by COVID-19. The report said, “This is a look that has not been seen in the past.”
The rate of development of gastritis was also low. The number of deaths during the analysis period was 10 (6%), 5 were over 60 years old, 4 were 26-36 years old, and 1 was a child. In the case of children, the deaths were not related to COVID-19. The average length of hospitalization after confirmation was 2.5 days, significantly lower than the average of 8.5 days in the previous 18 months. The report noted that the relatively small number of critically ill and fatalities “shows a very different picture compared to the early days of past epidemics.”
The age of the patients was younger. Over 80% of hospitalized patients during the analysis period were younger than 50 years of age. The increase in vaccination rates among older people compared to younger people may have caused a change in the age group of the infected, the report explained.
However, the report pointed out that these results show the situation in the first two weeks of the Omicron event, and that the trend of patients in the future may change. It is said that as time passes, the fatality rate of Omicron can be derived more accurately. “Overall, the disease appears to be milder, but now it is at a very early stage (of the Omicron epidemic),” Willem Hanecomb, director of the African Health Institute, told the BBC.