Spring 2019 Turkish Hunting Forecast

Turkey trips look: Your job has become very difficult. With many spring checks available on a coastal coast from March in early June, you will probably have to choose and choose your adventures. For many people, this means that Osceolas is located in the south of Florida in early March or, from the tune crowd, Grandes Hawaii Rio may be earlier. Your options extend to eastern East seasons open throughout the South East and Western Midlands. And then that crisis is to Texas for a high-conscious Rise – or possibly north to the prairies for the last chance of Merriam.

The duty remains reasonable. In fact, it may depend on your motivation, vacation time and you need to sleep. Then you can snooze again during the summer. Here is a quick guide to start planning for spring guests.

Scroll through using the links below to read your states:

Alabama, California, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

ALABAMA

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: It's not available. Leader of the wildlife / district turkey leader of the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Alabama, states that the state is working to develop a methodology through ongoing research to provide a better estimate of the population due to recent population reductions.

Autumn Spring 2018: Approximately 27,000, based on a Responsible Management telephone survey (mandatory state reporting system, Game Check, an autumn of 9,645 gobblers).

Total Outlook: "The growth of the reproduction population has declined in recent years, with a little less than two eyes per hen in our annual survey," says Barnett. "Conditions in the 2018 survey have been improved, and it is hoped that this will correspond to more than two year old talk sharks in 2020."

2019 potential potential: Barnett proposes Barbour, Skyline, Oakmulgee and Sam Murphy wildlife management areas.

Quick cap: "As always, preseason is scouting and listening for crisis activity," says Barnett. "Study on air images and hunting destinations maps. Most of the WMA gets a lot of pressure on the weekend, so plan a weekmare wherever possible. Based on observation data, hit stiff beats to early in April, and it is likely that this will be better to plan a trip outside the state in April. "

Season dates / bag borders: March 16 through 30 April (converts by belt). Border: Five winners meet during spring and spring seasons.

ARIZONA

Subspecies: Merriam, Gould, Rio Grande

Estimated population: Merriam's # 25,000; Gould's: 1,500; Rio Grande: 250

Autumn Spring 2018: About 1,100

Total Outlook: "There should be many birds of two years of age, because we had a mild winter and live overseas," says Rick Langley's game specialist, Game 1 with Game Arizona and Fish Department. "The spring and summer spring in 2018 affected survival and negative retirement."

2019 potential potential: Langley says it is the eastern unit (1 and 27) and the North Kaibab (Unit 12A). Gould hunters usually expect successful rates, but the number of permits is limited. Rio Grande hunts like those for Gould's.

Quick cap: Turkey's habitat in Arizona occurs almost exclusively on the Upper Forest Service land, so scout is crucial.

Season dates / bag borders: One youth: April 19 through 25, May 10 through 23. First debt: April 26 through May 2 and May 10 through 23; Second hunt: May 3 through May 23. Archery-only: May 10 through 23 (in limited units, this is the OTC tag). The annual turkey bag is one turkey.

ARKANSAS

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: 80,000 to 100,000

Autumn Spring 2018: 7,884

Total Outlook: As in many Southeastern states, Arkansas's turkey reproduction has declined since the early 2000s. However, the prospects are not completely gloomy.

"The low-state reproduction state saw in 2017, and birds in the two-year-old class are likely to have a border in 2019," says Jeremy Wood, a Turkish program co-ordinator for the Arkansas and Fish Commission game. "On the flip side, the annoying season during the 2018 season may be partially the fall on the fall autumn in the last spring, which could have been assisted in some areas of the state. Overall, I suspect that there will be another late spring for 2016 Turkish soldiers in Arkansas, but I will not be surprised if there is a slight disaster in the autumn if the weather co-operates. "

2019 potential potential: "In the case of hunters who hold public land, there are many opportunities for the Ozark-St. Francis and Ouachita national forests and the WMAs there," says Wood. "These areas are consistently in the highest public land harvest in the state due to the great acre available to debt. Some land lease WMAs, such as Cherokee WMA, Jack Mountain and Casey Jones also have high quality debt. In relation to hunters on private lands, eastern counties of Ozark – including Baxter, Izard and Stone counties – consistently see some of the largest harvest in the state, and I have no reason to doubt 2019. "

Quick cap: "If you want to be successful in the woods in this spring, take the time and start looking for a signal late in February and March, as the birds begin to surrender to the breeding season," says Wood. "Leave the calls at home, and listen and look. You do not want to educate every bird in the woods for the sake of your call before the season begins."

Season dates / bag borders: Season of Youth: April 6 and 7. Regular season: April 8 through 23, belts 1, 2, 3, 4B, 5, 5B, 6, 7, 7A, 8, 9, 10 and 17; border, two legal turks. April 8 through 16, zones 1A, 4, 4A, 5A and 9A; one legal limit. (Young people aged 6 to 15 can kill one jake as part of their two bird season boundary, including the youth debt).

CALIFORNIA

Subspecies: Mostly Rio Grande, with hybridy Merriam, East and East / Rio Grande

Estimated population: 250,000

Autumn Spring 2018: Estimated at 16,000 to 19,000

Total Outlook: "The overall attitude to hunting turkey in the spring is good, as we have been looking forward to seeing more in this spring," says Matt Meshriv, a consultant environment with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife Supreme Game Program.

2019 potential potential: Meshriv says that counties with the highest turkey harvest consistently take place among the tactics including Placer, Shasta and El Dorado. The counties of Tehama, Sonoma and Yolo have seen good in recent years.

Quick cap: "For those hunters without accessing private lands that want a longer-check experience, consider one of several areas of the state where turkey can be found on public land that is only accessible by boat for spring turkey debt more private and adventurous, "says Meshriv.

Season dates / bag borders: March 30 to May 5. Archery-only: May 6 through May 19. Extra junior debt: March 23 and 24, and May 6 through 19. The daily bag limit is the daily bag limit, with a possession limit of three for the season (spring seasons together).

COLORADO

Subspecies: Merriam, Rio Grande

Estimated population: 30,000 to 35,000

Autumn Spring 2018: It's not available

Total Outlook: Ed T. Gorman, a small game manager for Colorado Parks and Wildlife, says the attitude was not available for Spring 2019. In 2018, he reported that the Colorado turkey population was stable or increasing.

2019 potential potential: Usually, the best parts for Merrions are the western and western parts of the state. These areas also have abundant public land.

Quick cap: "Consideration is crucial to finding Merriam's wild turkey," said Gorman. "They are very enthusiastic."

Season dates / bag borders: General State season: April 13th to May 26. Some game management units have a number of seasons. See Brochure Regulation 2019 of Turkey for more information. Bag border: two bearded sharks in spring. One must take one with a limited license, the other with a OTC license.

CONNECTICUT

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: not available

Autumn Spring 2018: 1,504 (1,137 bullfighters, 361 jakes, six bearded chicken)

Total Outlook: Michael Gregonis, a wildlife certified biologist with the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, Connecticut, says 2019 is fair. The state state's 2018 survey index showed about 2.4 yards per hen.

"In addition, spring harvesting, Christmas bird counting and Atlas Bird Breeding trends indicated that Connecticut's wild turkey population was hit in mid-2000 and showed a downward trend, in recent years showing stability, though lower population level, "says Gregonis.

2019 potential potential: The State Forest Cockaponset in Connecticut may have a good bet in accordance with Gregonis. It covers about 16,000 acres and is equal to good turkey numbers.

Quick cap: "Because of the most productive product in most of the state, hunters are likely to have more success to find birds near fields rather than deep woods," said Gregonis. "Although many are not more abundant during spring, it is often the result of finding birds."

Season dates / bag borders: April 24 to May 25. Borders: state land, two bearded birds; private land, through barbed bird.

DELAWARE

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: 6,000

Autumn Spring 2018: 571

Total Outlook: Justyn R. Foth, a water scientist, turkey and land bird biologist with Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control on Fish and Wildlife, says that there are 2018 reproductive success – as the number of facades showed The hen – like that of the previous five years.

2019 potential potential: Foth says that the Canal C and D Canoeing Zone is the biggest autumn success – 45 percent – for hunters. Limits of the Chesapeake property and Delaware Channel. See a map at dnrec.delaware.gov.

Quick cap: "Delaware now has two Turkish lottery applications," says Foth. "There is one application for lands owned by the Fish and Wildlife Division, and the other is for the State Forest Service. The application of both lottery can allow the Turkish hunters to be placed on over two weeks on public lands, but only one bird can be harvested in season. "

Season dates / bag borders: Hunting a disability / friendly person with a disability: April 6. Regular season: April 13th to May 11. Limitation: one.

FLORIDA

Subspecies: Osceola, the Eastern, intergrading

Estimated population: No estimate

Autumn Spring 2018: It's not available

Total Outlook: "It seems to be a good reproductive year in 2018 throughout most of the state, so there should be a strong road bar in this spring," said Roger Shields, wild turkey program co-ordinator with the Florida Fish Conservation Commission and Wildlife. "The banning in the year 2017 was probably likely to hurt the productivity in southern Florida, and many young birds could not see the following winter, so there may be a number of worries 2.5 years old in southern Florida this year. Other places in the state, the numbers seem to be strong. "

Spring 2019 spring spring: Shields said that most of the state is located over a year over the average.

Quick cap: Check the FWC website for places for debt without quota permission.

Season dates / bag borders: South Road from State 70: youth turkey hunting weekend, February 23 and 24; regular season, March 2 through April 7. North from State Road 70: Turkish youth tooth weekend, March 9 and 10; Regular season, March 16th through April 21. The season limit is two beads or beet turkey, except in Holmes County, where there is only one border. Hunters on the private land of both birds can be taken on the same day. On public debt areas, the daily border is just one turkey.

GEORGIA

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: 300,000

Autumn Spring 2018: 17,066

Total Outlook: "We hope the 2019 season will be fair, like spring 2018," said Emily Rushton, Turkish project coordinator for the Georgia Natural Resources Department. "We reported poor reproduction in 2017, and while the production was improved in 2018, there could be fewer than 2 year old ordinary harvesters available in 2019, ; it might be for a season harder than usual. "

Spring 2019 potential points: Rushton said that the Ridge and the Glen region, which comprises a large part of the Northwest of Georgia, has improved better than other regions in recent years, and has some of its highest hunting success rates in its state.

Quick cap: "Be patient, and take advantage of the long season," said Rushton. "Many birds are harvesting after the first two weeks, especially if the weather is unusual, like last year."

Season dates / bag borders: Special opportunity only: 16 and 17 March; regular season, March 23, three months of May 15. The limit is three visitors per season.

HAWAII

Subspecies: Rio Grande

Estimated population: The Hawaii, Maui, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai and Lanai Turks invoke.

Autumn Spring 2018: 42

Total Outlook: It's not available. In 2018, the prospects were described equally.

2019 potential potential: The Hawaiian island is the best public land turkey hunt in the state, but you can find birds on public land on Lanai and Molokai, according to Shaya Honarvar, a game program co-ordinator for the Department of Land and Natural Resources.

Quick cap: "Hunt during the week to avoid the weekends of warriors," says Jon Sabati, a citizen of the long-term National Wildlife Federation. "Leave your love and call coyote at home. Turks can shock it, but this is not a natural nature here and it may be possible for the turks to go the other way."

Season dates / bag borders: March 1, April 15. Border: three barbarian sharks.

IDAHO

Subspecies: First Merriam, with some Oriental and Rio Grandes. Jeffrey M. Knetter, crew game and bird game migrant co-ordinator for the Fish Department and Idaho Game said hybrids occur in many areas of the state. He asked them "Idaho mountain turkey".

Estimated population: It's not available

Autumn Spring 2018: About 3,300

Total Outlook: "Turkey's population in Idaho is strong, especially in northern Idaho (the Panhandle and Clearwater regions) and in the South East Region," says Knetter. "There are a few mild winters after setting the stage for strong turkey populations in this spring."

2019 potential potential: Significant conductors to the north of Idaho.

Quick cap: Knetter suggests that hunters will use the Idaho Hunt Planner (idfg.idaho.gov/) for planning. Also, check out access programs, in particular Access It! (idfg.idaho.gov/hunt/access).

Season dates / bag borders: The Youth Season: April 8 through 14; General season: April 15 through May 25 (varied by unit). Border: two sharks, both of which can be taken the same day as a general and additional tag available to the hunters.

ILLINOIS

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: No estimate

Autumn Spring 2018: 13,494

Total Outlook: "Last year's last year has been the lowest in recent years, which is partly predicted from poor production in the summer of 2017," says Luke Garver, wild turkey project manager for the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. "There was a significant other participation of the turks in Ireland due to the pursuit of success and participation. However, in the beginning of spring and summer of 2018, the construction conditions of a lie made much better, higher yields have risen compared to the last couple of years. It is likely that the number of places on the landscape is likely to occur in this spring. It may be scarce for two years of age and # 39; age, however, a remainder of poor production in 2017. "

2019 potential potential: Garver said that the production was higher across the board throughout the country, but some of the counties of the county of South East took up these estimates.

"Do not let go past last year's refusal to refuse you from southern to Illinois," he said. "Most of the harvest rate and low success in southern counties were weather based."

Quick cap: Illinois sells over-the-counter surplus licenses now, and Garver says that another tag thinks a great opportunity for a last minute debt in a new county.

Season dates / bag borders: Season of Youth: March 30 and 31, 6 April and 7. Regular season, North Zone: first segment, April 15 to 19; the second paragraph, April 20 through 25; the third segment, April 26 through May 1; the fourth segment, May 2 through 8; the fifth segment, May 9 through 16. South Zone: the first segment: April 8 through 12; the second paragraph, April 13 through 18; the third segment, April 19 through 24; the fourth segment, April 25 through May 1; the fifth segment, May 2 through 9. Limitation: one turkey per license, and through a maximum license per work.

INDIANA

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: 110,000 to 120,000

Autumn Spring 2018: 11,306

Total Outlook: "The growth of the Indiana turkey population has grown more than 10 years ago as many other Midwestern states, and has generally reduced the success of the work seven years to the last eight years, as the above levels were above the period of early years has had a negative impact on production success, "says Steven E. Hands, leader of state projects across wild turks and the grouse-eyed origin and the eradication of wildcat with the Indiana Department of Natural Resources. "Poor production was very clear in the relatively low proportion of young people in the last two spring (less than 15 percent) compared to more than ten years ago (more than 24 percent or more)."

2019 potential potential: Backgrounds say that turkey has a better production in northern Indiana, but there is not much public land. Turkey's populations are scattered equally across the outskirts of South West public forest lands, which are open to ownership.

Quick cap: "The most important feature of the hunting of the spring turkey is probably a thorough knowledge of the land version in which he intends to hunt," says Carna. "Knowing the topography, the potential traveler corridors for fans, access points are used by hunters and how the envelope generally is more important than knowing how many trees are in an area. You just need to know You know how one man hit at his peat game. "

Season dates / bag borders: Season of Youth: April 20 and 21. Regular season: April 24 to May 12. Border: bearded turkey or one man.

IOWA

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: 120,000 to 150,000

Autumn Spring 2018: 11,701

Total Outlook: Jim Coffey, a forest wildlife biologist with the Iowa Department of Natural Resources, said that the 2018 turkey production was good throughout the state. Preferential nesting conditions have the potential for birds to make the first attempt to embed, and it seems that sizes are more than more than in previous years.

2019 potential potential: "Iowa offers many opportunities for small woodland style shows," says Coffey. "The traditional hunters of the turks often disregard these areas. With good reproduction, see birds in places where you do not normally think."

Quick cap: "Call back," says Coffey. "Iowa turkey can have a good pressure, and they can have a different tendency to quietly quit to bring their site up."

Season dates / bag borders: April 8th May, broken in four periods. Two tags are allowed for residents, one of which must be in the fourth season. One permit allowed for non-residents.

KANSAS

Subspecies: East, Rio Grande, hybrid

Estimated population: no estimation

Autumn Spring 2018: 22,639

Total Outlook: "Most of the state's production has declined in recent years, and the number of adult birds has fallen from full time platforms from 10 to 15 years ago," says Kent A. Fricke, a small game co-ordinator for the Kansas Wildlife Department, Parks and Tourism. "However, these cuts could be stabilized. In general, populations are still quite strong. Hunters should be expected to find a good number of East in the eastern part of the state and equal to Many Rivers in West Kansas. "

2019 potential potential: Fricke said the parts of north and south of Kansas should have high quality debt opportunities.

Quick cap: "With around 600,000 acres of publicly accessible landfill in public lands and In-Check Access centers, as well as a two-month season, there are various options across Kansas to have a successful and enjoyable hunting," says Fricke.

Season dates / bag borders: Youth / disability debt: April 1st with age 16. Archery: April 8 th 16. Regular firearm / boxing: April 17 to May 31. Limitation: one bird per license, limit two permits.

KENTUCKY

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: 300,000

Autumn Spring 2018: 27,255

Total Outlook: Zachary Danks, coach and turkey co-ordinator for the Fish and Wildlife Resources Department, Kentucky, said that the 2018 turkey production was higher than 68 percent than in previous summer, based on a poult-per-hen ratio of 2.0 from the survey throughout the state. Moreover, Kentucky's Fall 2018 harvest was 24 percent higher than the 2017 harvest.

"The third show for more turkey is the percentage of young people in autumn spring," he says. "If the next spring season is accepted – if all other factors, such as the option of life, have to be equal – that is expected to have a spring spring better in 2020 too. Then it's up to The weather was not good during the opening of the youth or the general season during 2018, and, as a result, with less turkey due to two consecutive years of the poor fisheries, harvest came by medium to 2018. "

2019 potential potential: "Brood survey results show that the mouse could be a little better in central and central Kentucky than in the west of Kentucky, but I do not think the difference was significant," says Danks. "Kentucky has a lot of ordinary turkey throughout the state, so I think that hunters around the world will have the chance to do a bag or two."

Quick cap: "If you do not tag out soon, do not forget the debt of the late week," says Danks. "There will be fewer hunters remaining, and fewer chicken are not paid, that is, as well as the fact that highlights and breeding can be deferred by a few weeks a couple of weeks in a number of years (like 2018). "

Season dates / bag borders: Season of Youth: April 6 and 7. Regular season: April 13th to May 5. Border: two bearded birds; one a day. Note: Federally owned properties may have different season dates and allow user-specific permits. These include Fort Campbell, Fort Knox, Depot Army Bluegrass, National Clarks National Wildlife Asylum, National Television and National Lakes Recreation Area National Wildlife Asylum.

LOUISIANA

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: 50,000 to 60,000

Autumn Spring 2018: about 3,000

Total Outlook: The Cody Cedotal program manager, a small play and wild turkey with the Louisiana Wildlife and Fisheries Department, says that the 2018 turkey reproduction is quite good compared to the previous fisheries.

2019 potential potential: "The Kisatchie National Forest supports good populations due to the quality habitat that is there due to fire and forest management activities that are often prescribed," said Cedotal.

Quick cap: "Use caution when using decorations – especially male decorations," says Cedotal. "Always identify your goal."

Season dates / bag borders: Area A: April 6 through May 5. Area B: April 6 through 28. Area C: 6 April by 21. Limitation: one day, two per season.

MAINE

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: 60,000

Autumn Spring 2018: 6,200

Total Outlook: "This summer has had a great pressure and living," says Kelsey M. Sullivan, a wildlife biologist with the Inland Fisheries and Wildlife Division Bird Group. "The past year was good, too. There are good toms in the future. If weather is not too big, we should watch the great spring season."

2019 potential potential: Sullivan said that the counties of Lincoln, Waldo and Knox have some of the best areas and a mix of areas and forests.
"(There are) many large areas of private land that are open to ownership," continued Sullivan. "Many landowners would welcome to prevent the door from the owners of a turkey."

Quick cap: Sullivan encouraged hunters to use a wing call.

Season dates / bag borders: Youth Debt: April 27th. Regular season: April 29th to June 1. Limit: two baroque berries per season, but the second bird must come from a wildlife management area with a two bird border. One-bird boundary is at Zones 1 to 6 and 8. Belts 7 and 9 have a two-yard limit by 29.

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: about 40,000

Autumn Spring 2018: 3,861

Total Outlook: "The reproductive success was recording a low record in 2018, and (s) the third in the aftermath of poor reproduction in most parts of the state," says Turquoise bird project manager, wild turkey and poultry with Maryland Natural Resources Department. "It may be more difficult to hunt this year, but most populations of the state still have good populations."

2019 potential potential: Longs with counties with the strongest populations were Washington, Frederick, Kent, Caroline, Queen Anne and St Mary.

Quick cap: State Land – for example Forest Forest State Forest, Pocomoke State Forest and Chesapeake Forestlands – many numbers of sharks.

Season dates / bag borders: Junior turkey hunting: April 13 and 14. Regular season: April 18 to May 23. Sunday hunting is permitted in only one counties. Border: one-day bearded turkey, two per season.

MASSACHUSETTS

Subspecies: East

Estimated population: about 30,000

Autumn Spring 2018: 3,031

Total Outlook: "The number of birds has been very good in recent years, with the two highest spring season that has occurred in recent years," says David Scarpitti, a wildlife biologist with the Fisheries Division and Massachusetts Wildlife.

Poitéinseal féideartha 2019: Tá dlús ard turcaí ag codanna an Oirthir den stát, ach is féidir le dúshláin a aimsiú agus rochtain a fháil a bheith dúshlánach, a deir Scarpitti.

Tapa tapaidh: "Scout, scout, scout," Cuireann Scarpitti. "Tá a lán de na sealgairí (agus na turcaí) in oirthear Massachusetts, mar sin íocann sé a bheith ullmhaithe go han-mhaith ar an lá oscailte agus le linn na chéad seachtaine sin, nuair a bhíonn a lán sealgairí sa réimse."

Dátaí séasúr / teorainneacha mála: Fiach Óige: 27 Aibreán. Séasúr rialta: 29 Aibreán trí Bhealtaine 25. Teorainn: dhá éan beardáilte in aghaidh an earraigh, ceann in aghaidh an lae.

MICHIGAN

Subspecies: Oirthear

Daonra measta: 200,000

Fómhar Earrach 2018: 33,433

Ionchas iomlán: "Cé go raibh coinníollacha aimsire earrach 2018 – earrach fuar, fliuch le stoirm sneachta trom déanach i mí Aibreáin – bhí an chuma air go raibhirgeadh meán agus líon éan réasúnta in 2018," a deir Al Stewart, speisialtóir éanlaithe talún agus ceannaire clár leis an Roinn Acmhainní Nádúrtha Michigan. "Tá súil agam go n-urramaítear uimhreacha éan san earrach seo agus go n-éireoidh le coinníollacha sealgaireachta go maith an earrach seo (ag brath ar dhálaí aimsire 2019 i mí Aibreáin agus Bealtaine)."

Poitéinseal féideartha 2019: Deir Stewart gurb é Conganta le fómhar na turcaí is airde ná Allegan, Montcalm, Jackson agus Barry.

Tapa tapaidh: "Scout feadh imeall na gceantar ghainmheach, agus féach babhlaí deannaigh agus rianta turcaí," cuireann Stewart. "Éist le haghaidh éin a ghlanadh ar maidin nó ag an dorchadas ar feadh scáipí géara in aice le gréine. Is iad seo pointí tosaithe i gcónaí chun toms a aimsiú. Tá Michigan ar cheann de na stáitse fiaigh turcaí is fearr sa tír (Uimh. 6 go 8 i bhfómhar an earraigh, le rath sealbhóir 40 go 45 faoin gcéad) agus measfar go bhfuil cuid de na fiacaí turcaí is airde sa tír. Tá 10 milliún acra talún atá oscailte do sheilbh phoiblí, atá níos mó ná aon stát soir ó Abhainn Mississippi. "

Dátaí séasúr / teorainneacha mála: Dátaí athraitheacha ón 22 Aibreán go dtí an 31 Bealtaine. Teorainn: turcaí beardáilte amháin.

MINNESOTA

Subspecies: Oirthear

Daonra measta: gan aon mheastachán

Fómhar Earrach 2018: 10,705

Ionchas iomlán: Deir Lindsey Messinger, bitheolaí taighde fiadhúlra le Pobail Fiadhúlra Feirme agus Grúpa Taighde don Roinn Minnesota Acmhainní Nádúrtha, go bhfuil an dearcadh iomlán maith. Tá roinnt geimhreadh éadrom roimh 2019 agus is ceart go maith leis na séasúir neadaithe a bhí ann le déanaí go bhféadfadh rath marthanais agus atáirgthe a éascú, agus ba cheart go mbeadh go leor jakes agus toms mar thoradh air an earrach seo.

Poitéinseal féideartha 2019: Meallann an chuid is mó de raon croí-turcaí Minnesota (taobh thiar-lárnach agus oirdheisceart Minnesota) formhór na sealgairí agus de ghnáth tá an ráta fómhar is airde agus rátaí rath sealgair, "a deir Messinger. "Tá tuarascálacha méadaithe ar thurcaigh a breathnaíodh agus a mbuailtear inár limistéar ceantair is mó oirthuaisceart (508). Tá an fómhar agus rátaí rath a chruthaigh an limistéar seo cosúil le limistéir cheadaithe sa réimse croí-turcaí (507 agus 501) le déanaí. "

Tapa tapaidh: "Tá breis is 1,440 ceantar bainistíochta fiadhúlra ag Minnesota le níos mó ná 1.2 milliún acra, chomh maith le breis is 30,000 acra de thailte príobháideacha atá oscailte do sheilbh phoiblí tríd an gclár rochtana inrochtaineachta," a deir Messinger. "Cuireann cuid mhaith de na suíomhanna seo gnáthchineál turcaí eisceachtúla agus deiseanna fiach ar fáil. D'fhéadfadh sé gur smaoineamh gur féidir le sealgairí a gcuid ama a leathnú sa choill trí dhuine nua a thógáil i dtír na turcaí amach i mbliana. Tá ceadanna turcaí óige bailí ar feadh an tséasúir agus ar fud na tíre agus tugann siad deis iontach do chasaitheoirí dul thar thraidisiún na fiacóireachta turcaí. "

Dátaí séasúr / teorainneacha mála: Sé thréimhse ama, ag tosú 17 Aibreán agus a reáchtáil trí 31 Bealtaine. Tá crannchur ann don chéad dá thréimhse. Tá ceadanna boghdóireachta agus óige bailí le linn gach tréimhse ama agus ceantair cheadúnais. Teorann: turcaí bearded amháin.

MISSISSIPPI

Subspecies: Oirthear

Daonra measta: 250,000 go 300,000

Fómhar Earrach 2018: 24,763

Ionchas iomlán: "Is cosúil go ndearna an daonra sa Tuirc i Mississippi níos fearr i gcomparáid le mórán de na deich mbliana anuas," a deir Adam B. Butler, comhordaitheoir clár turcaí fiáin le Roinn na Fiadhúlra, Iascaigh agus Páirceanna Mississippi. "Bhí tuairimí Jake i bhfad níos airde sna codanna ó thuaidh den stát san earrach seo caite. Idir an dá linn, bhí beagán dechreidte ag beagnach gach ceann de na Mississippi Theas an samhradh seo caite, rud a chiallaíonn go n-ardóidh líon iomlán na dturcairí sa lucht féachana san earrach seo. "

Poitéinseal féideartha 2019: Dúirt Butler gur chóir don tríú cuid thuaidh den stát an fiach is fearr a thairiscint in 2019.

Tapa tapaidh: “Don’t feel like you have to rush to Mississippi for opening day just because we have one of the earliest openers in the country,” Butler says. “Gobbling activity gets better as the season progresses and typically peaks in late march or early April, although this can vary by region.”

Season dates/bag limits: Youth season: March 8 through 14. Regular season: March 15 through May 1. Limit: one adult gobbler (or a gobbler with at least a 6-inch beard) per day, three per spring. Hunters 15 and younger can harvest one gobbler per day of any age or beard length and three per spring season.

MISSOURI

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: 360,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 35,805

Overall outlook: “A poor hatch in 2017 will result in fewer 2-year-old gobblers on Missouri’s landscape during the 2019 season,” says Jason L. Isabelle, resource scientist and certified wildlife biologist with the Missouri Department of Conservation. “Coupled with the impact of poor production in 2016, hunters should prepare for a more challenging season than in years past.”

Potential 2019 hotspots: Isabelle said the highest spring turkey harvests in recent years have come from portions of central and south-central Missouri. Top counties extend from Benton, east to Osage, south to Texas and west to Greene.

Quick tip: “Missouri has millions of acres of public land open to turkey hunting,” Isabelle added. “Visit the websites of the following agencies for more information: Missouri Department of Conservation, USDA Forest Service and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Later in the season (the second and third weeks), and especially during weekdays, hunters can often find very little hunting pressure on many public areas.”

Season dates/bag limits: Youth season: April 6 and 7. Regular season: April 15 through May 5. Limit: two male turkeys or turkeys with a visible beard, but one per day, and only one can be taken during the season’s first week

MONTANA

Subspecies: Mostly Merriam’s but some Easterns and hybrids in northwestern Montana

Estimated population: No estimate

Spring 2018 harvest: 3,445 (Spring 2017 harvest)

Overall outlook: “In general, turkeys are doing well in the state, but with the drought in Summer 2017 and the following brutal 2017-’18 winter, numbers are down in many parts of the state,” says John Vore, Game Management Bureau chief for Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks.

Potential 2019 hotspots: Vore says the best public hunting opportunities are in southeastern Montana. Bird numbers are great in western Montana, but most turkeys are on private land, where you must secure landowner permission to hunt.

Quick tip: The local Fish, Wildlife and Parks biologist or wildlife manager in the area you plan to hunt will probably have the best grass-roots information.

Season dates/bag limits: April 13 through May 19. Limit: By purchasing various license types, you can take up to five male turkeys in spring and can also apply for one limited license through a drawing.

NEBRASKA

Subspecies: Mostly hybrids (Merriam’s/game-farm turkeys), but biologists suspect there are some pure Merriam’s in the extreme northwestern corner of the Panhandle.

Estimated population: No estimate

Spring 2018 harvest: 17,731

Overall outlook: “2018 habitat conditions were good across the state and should have led to good poult survival and good overwinter conditioning,” says Luke Meduna, big-game program manager at the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission. “Residual cover should lead to good nesting conditions in 2019. Overall bird numbers should be holding steady from the past couple of years.”

Potential 2019 hotspots: Meduna said the Loess Hills, Loess Canyons, Pine Ridge, Niobrara River Valley and Platte River corridor should continue to be strong areas for turkeys.

Quick tip: You can find survey results at Outdoornebraska.org.

Season dates/bag limits: Archery: March 25 through May 31. Youth shotgun: April 6 through May 31. Shotgun: April 13 through May 31. Each permit is valid for one male or bearded female turkey, and a hunter can have up to three permits.

NEVADA

Subspecies: Rio Grande, Merriam’s

Estimated population: No estimate

Spring 2018 harvest: 95

Overall outlook: “Harvest data continue to suggest that turkey populations in Nevada are doing well,” according to the state’s Small Game Status 2018 publication. “Numbers of tags have increased over the last five years, and additional tags are being recommended for the 2019 spring season as well.”

Potential 2019 hotspots: The recent translocation of Merriam’s turkeys to the Toiyabe Range and initial positive indications suggest that hunter opportunities will increase mildly during future seasons, the publication said.

Quick tip: Much of Nevada’s turkey population occurs on private lands, so obtain permission from landowners before applying for a tag.
Season dates/bag limits: Generally the last Saturday in March through the first Sunday in May, but varies by unit. Limit: one by tag only.

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: 40,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 4,203

Overall outlook: Ted Walski, turkey project biologist for the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department, says semi-drought conditions during early Summer 2018 resulted in good hatching success and poult survival. Observers noted turkey flocks “everywhere” in Fall 2018, and a summer brood survey indicated a high average of 4.15 poults per hen.

Potential 2019 hotspots: Walski says the southern third of New Hampshire has the best turkey habitat and annual harvest numbers. Top harvest units include J2, (642), K (544), H2 (470) and M (454).

“The remaining 100 dairy farms in the state are good bets to have turkeys because of the summer brood habitat and winter foods,” he said. “Towns bordering the Connecticut River and Vermont — in Cheshire, Sullivan and Grafton counties — are good bets because of the farm land.”
Quick tip: “Ask for the Fish and Game Wildlife Harvest Summary to see towns with highest turkey harvests,” Walski said. “Scout woods nearest the best field areas.”

Season dates/bag limits: Youth hunt: April 27 and 28. Regular season: May 1 through 31. Limit: Southern New Hampshire units H1, H2, K, J2, L and M have a two-gobbler bag limit. Elsewhere, one bearded turkey.

NEW JERSEY

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: 20,000 to 25,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 2,875

Overall outlook: Tony McBride, supervising biologist for the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection’s Division of Fish and Wildlife, says Spring 2019 prospects look good, though 2018 production was only fair.

Potential 2019 hotspots: McBride said the Delaware River coastal plain counties — including Gloucester, Salem, Cumberland and Cape May (turkey hunting areas 15, 20, 21 and 22) — might be potentially hot areas.

Quick tip: Check the New Jersey Department of Fish and Wildlife website for information about public-land opportunities and upcoming turkey hunting seminars.

Season dates/bag limits: Youth hunt: April 20. The regular season is broken into segments and runs April 22 through May 24. Limit: one male turkey per permit, but hunters can only harvest one turkey per day, regardless of the number of permits they hold.

NEW MEXICO

Subspecies: Merriam’s, Rio Grande, Gould’s (special hunt only)

Estimated population: 20,000 to 25,000

Spring 2018 harvest: not yet calculated.

Overall outlook: “Populations will be about average in 2019,” saya Casey Cardinal, resident game-bird biologist with the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish. “Mast production in 2018 was moderate. That, combined with fair weather, led to average reproduction.”
Potential 2019 hotspots: Cardinal said the best reports in recent years have come from the Sacramento and Gila mountains, and those areas should likely be good again this spring.

Quick tip: “Spend time looking at satellite images or scouting before heading out to find a good spot, and don’t be afraid to do some hiking,” Cardinal adds.

Season dates/bag limits: Youth hunt: April 11 through 13. Regular season: April 15 through May 10. Limit: two bearded turkeys.

NEW YORK

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: 180,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 19,200

Overall outlook: “Reproductive success in 2018 that was close to the long-term average has improved overall turkey numbers, but for spring 2019, this will be tempered by poor reproductive success in summer 2017, resulting in a smaller proportion of 2-year-old birds on the landscape,” says Michael V. Schiavone, a certified wildlife biologist with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation’s Division of Fish and Wildlife.

Potential 2019 hotspots: Schiavone said regions 4 (Capital Region) and 9 (western New York) have had average to above-average reproductive success the past two years.

“When looking for a place to hunt within these regions, look for a landscape with a mix of forest, agriculture and early successional habitats (old fields, young forests), which tends to have more birds,” he says.

Quick tip: “Stalking stinks,” Schiavone adds. “Set up, and call birds to you. Remember the four cardinal rules of firearm safety: Assume every gun is loaded. Control the muzzle. Keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot. And be absolutely sure of your target and what may be beyond it.”

Season dates/bag limits: May 1 through 31. Limit: two bearded birds per season, one per day.

NORTH CAROLINA

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: 265,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 17,408

Overall outlook: “Harvest dropped slightly in 2018, but the population and harvest have been at or above record levels for several years,” says Christopher D. Kreh, upland game-bird biologist for grouse, quail and turkey with the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.

Potential 2019 hotspots: Kreh said counties in the northern piedmont along the Virginia border and in the southeastern coastal plain usually have the highest harvests.

Quick tip: “Hunters looking for high-quality public-land hunts should be sure to check out permit hunting opportunities,” Kreh says. “These are usually very good opportunities for hunters lucky enough to get drawn. Opportunities on other (no special permit required) game lands can be very good as well.”

Season dates/bag limits: Youth hunt: April 6 through 12. Regular season: April 13 through May 11. Limit: one per day, two per season.

NORTH DAKOTA

Subspecies: Eastern, Merriam’s

Estimated population: No estimate

Spring 2018 harvest: 1,797

Overall outlook: Rodney A. Gross Jr., upland game biologist with the North Dakota Game and Fish Department, says the state experienced a good 2018 hatch statewide.

Potential 2019 hotspots: Gross added that turkey numbers are especially high in the badlands units of western North Dakota.

Quick tip: Spring turkey hunting is closed to nonresidents, but tribal lands — such as the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation — offer opportunities.

Season dates/bag limits: April 13 through May 19. Limit: one bearded or male turkey.

OHIO

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: 200,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 22,612

Overall outlook: “Ohio’s turkey population spiked during an excellent reproductive year in 2016,” says Mark Wiley, wildlife biologist with the Ohio Department of Natural Resources’ Division of Wildlife. “Birds from this cohort contributed to above-average spring harvest totals in 2017 and 2018. In 2019, hunters may still encounter birds from that strong 2016 class, but poor reproductive indices in 2017 and 2018 suggest turkey numbers and spring harvest totals are likely to return to modern norms.”

Potential 2019 hotspots: Wiley says southeastern and east-central counties had the highest Spring 2018 harvest totals. These areas will likely be hotspots in 2019, even if harvest totals fall short of the 2018 numbers.

Quick tip: “Practice patience,” Wiley said succinctly.

Season dates/bag limits: Youth season: April 13 and 14. Regular season: South Zone, except for Lake La Su An Wildlife Area: April 22 through May 19; Northeast Zone: April 29 through May 26. Limit: two bearded birds total, one per day.

OKLAHOMA

Subspecies: Rio Grande, Eastern

Estimated population: Not available

Spring 2018 harvest: Not available

Overall outlook: Rio Grandes have a strong stable population, but Easterns have declined somewhat in recent years.

Potential 2019 hotspots: Most areas west of Interstate 35 should be good for Rio Grandes, but eight southeastern Oklahoma counties will likely be fair to poor for Easterns.

Season dates/bag limits: Youth season: March 30 and 31, except in the eight-county Southeast Region, where it runs April 20 through 21. Regular season: April 6 through May 6, except the Southeast Region, where it runs April 22 through May 6. Limit: three toms statewide, but a hunter cannot exceed any county limit while pursuing the season limit. There’s a one-gobbler limit for the eight southeastern counties combined.

OREGON

Subspecies: Primarily Rio Grande, some Rio/Merriam’s hybrids

Estimated population: 40,000 to 45,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 4,797 (2017 harvest)

Overall outlook: “Turkey populations are stronger than ever in Oregon,” says Mikal Cline, upland game-bird coordinator for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. “Flocks continue to build in the southwest, Willamette Valley, throughout the Blue Mountains and certain areas in the Columbia Basin. Northeastern Oregon offers more public-land hunting, particularly on the extensive national forest system lands.”

Potential 2019 hotspots: Cline adds the Rogue, Melrose and Applegate units in southwestern Oregon typically have high turkey harvests. Turkeys are widespread throughout the Blue Mountains and in riparian draws of the Columbia Basin. Biologists have also noticed an increase in turkey populations in the Fossil Unit and adjacent units of the Columbia Basin.

Quick tip: “Get out early in the season while the males are most vocal,” Cline says. “Turkeys will follow the snowline up in elevation in the spring, so they may be higher up than where you last saw them in early spring.”

Season dates/bag limits: April 15 through May 31. Limit: three male turkeys or turkeys with a visible beard; one turkey per day.

PENNSYLVANIA

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: 229,300 (Spring 2018)

Spring 2018 harvest: 40,300

Overall outlook: Mary Jo Casalena, wild turkey biologist with the Pennsylvania Game Commission, says the state’s overall population is higher than the previous 10-year average, which translates to very favorable bird numbers and hunting conditions.

“The best hunting, in terms of gobbling and gobbler response to hunters, tends to be where the two-year-old gobbler population is strong,” she says. “This changes annually depending on location. Therefore, pre-season scouting helps determine where those mouthy gobblers are hanging out. Even though these gobblers might quiet down after the first week of the season, chances are some are still there later in the season and are just not as vocal. Patience and stillness may work well on these birds.”

Potential 2019 hotspots: Casalena suggested hunters consider state game lands (pgc.pa.gov/HuntTrap/StateGameLands/Pages/default.aspx), which are large tracts of land owned by the Pennsylvania Game Commission and managed for wildlife and hunting. Further, she said hunters should seek areas on game lands where the Commission has recently conducted prescribed fires, as such areas are turkey magnets. Go to pgc.pa.gov/Wildlife/HabitatManagement/Pages/default.aspx, and scroll to “Controlled Burning” for a map of scheduled controlled burns, the burn window status and additional information on controlled burns.

Quick tip: “Hunting pressure throughout Pennsylvania tends to be highest during the first week of the season (when 40 to 50 percent of the season harvest is taken) and Fridays and Saturdays,” Casalena said. “Scout several areas for this reason, hunt during other portions of the season and seek more secluded locations for less hunting pressure.

“Patience and stillness with Pennsylvania turkeys is key, as Pennsylvania birds seem to be more wary than those in many other states, especially for birds in older age classes (3 years plus) and those that have been worked by other hunters.”

Season dates/bag limits: Youth season: April 20. Regular season: April 27 through May 31. Limit: one bearded bird per season with a general license. Hunters can take a second bird with a special turkey license, which must be purchased before April 27. One turkey per day.

RHODE ISLAND

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: about 3,500, down from almost 6,000 in 2001.

Spring 2018 harvest: 190

Overall outlook: "During the wild turkey brood surveys, 784 adults were seen with 2,171 young, with an average of 2.8 young per adult," says Dylan Ferreira, senior wildlife biologist with the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management's Division of Fish and Wildlife. "This is an increase from 2017, when there were 2.4 young per adult but lower than 2015, when there were 5.1 young per adult. Poor to mediocre brood production has been observed in the brood survey since 2008. 92.1 percent of all hens observed in 2018 had broods. In general, there were 2,955 birds observed and reported to the DEM in the annual summer brood survey. Hunting conditions in Spring 2018 were average after a typical winter. In late December, temperatures were well below normal, which may have strained the birds. Otherwise, temperatures were average. Temperatures were below average for much of March and April, which likely delayed breeding and nesting activity to some extent. Harvest was up 54 percent to 190 birds, from a low of 104 birds in 2012."

Potential 2019 hotspots: "Tiverton/Little Compton and Hopkinton/Exeter had the most active calls during the 2018 spring gobbling survey," Ferreira said. "This was also true during the 2017 spring gobbling survey."

Quick tip: "Having birds roosted the night before can lead to great success the next day," Ferreira says, "often resulting in a tagged bird before other birds fly down from their roost. You’ll be siting down for breakfast by 8 a.m."

Season dates/bag limits: Youth and paraplegic season: April 20 and 21. Regular season: April 25 through May 19. Limit: two bearded birds per spring, but only one can be taken on state lands.

SOUTH CAROLINA

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: 120,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 17,939

Overall outlook: “Although reproductive success has only been fair in recent years, the spring harvest has remained solid,” says Charles Ruth, big-game program coordinator for the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources.

Potential 2019 hotspots: Ruth suggests that hunters look at Sumter National Forest in the piedmont area and Webb Wildlife Center Wildlife Management Area in the coastal plain region.

Quick tip: “Recent research in South Carolina shows that hunting immediately and negatively affects gobbling due to the disturbance by hunters,” Ruth says.

Season dates/bag limits: Private land: March 20 through May 5; public (wildlife management area) land: April 1 through May 5. Limit: three gobblers per season, no more than two per day.

SOUTH DAKOTA

Subspecies: Primarily Easterns east of the Missouri River and primarily Merriam’s west of the river

Estimated population: Not available

Spring 2018 harvest: 5,197

Overall outlook: “Winter so far in 2019 has been relatively mild, and reproduction from last year was decent,” says Chad P. Lehman, senior wildlife biologist with South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks.

Potential 2019 hotspots: The southern portion of the Black Hills has been especially good in recent years.

Quick tip: “We had a big policy change—no rifles will be allowed for spring hunting statewide,” Lehman says. “Hunting early in the season can lead to hunting larger wintering flocks with difficult calling conditions. Hunting later — say early May — will allow for better calling conditions and dispersed turkey populations.”

Season dates/bag limits: Archery: April 6 through May 31. Shotgun: April 13 through May 31. Limit: Black Hills: one. Prairie units: one per permit (see the application for unit-level license availability).

TENNESSEE

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: Not available

Spring 2018 harvest: 28,267

Overall outlook: “The statewide poult-to-hen ratio was low again in 2017, so I don’t expect a bumper harvest this year,” says Joy Sweaney, wildlife biologist with the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. “It rained most weekends last year, so hopefully this year’s harvest will be higher than last year’s.”

Potential 2019 hotspots: Sweaney said the eastern half of the state has shown a steadier harvest from year to year and probably has consistently good-quality hunting.

Quick tip: Cumberland Wildlife Management Area in eastern Tennessee has good turkey numbers and lots of room — 190,000 acres — to hunt.

Season dates/bag limits: Youth season: March 23 and 24. Regular season: March 30 through May 12. Limit: One bearded turkey per day, not to exceed four per season.

TEXAS

Subspecies: Rio Grande, Eastern and Merriam’s (in the Davis Mountains)

Estimated population: 550,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 22,662

Overall outlook: “Reproductive success was low across much of the Rio range in Texas,” says Jason Hardin, turkey program leader for Texas Parks and Wildlife. “Eastern counties did better. Wet winter weather is setting the stage for early forb growth, providing winter greens to birds. This will help set the stage for the upcoming nesting season. More spring rains are needed to get good production and recruitment. Hunting conditions will be dependent on spring weather. There are a good number of mature gobblers on the landscape.”

Potential 2019 hotspots: Hardin said the state’s top turkey harvest counties include Sutton, Edwards, Coleman, San Saba, Menard, Jack, Kimble, McMullen, Concho and Mason. “However, there is great hunting throughout the central portion of Texas, from the Canadian River in the Texas Panhandle south to the Coastal Sand Plains of southern Texas,” he said. “If there is good roosting habitat, then you should have turkeys.”

Quick tip: “If possible, scout the area you will be hunting before the season opens,” Hardin says. “Once you get there, be patient, and don’t move too much or you will bump birds. If you feel like you are in a good area, stay put. Don’t overcall. Take bug spray.”

Season dates/bag limits: In general, the South Zone opens the Saturday closest to March 18 and runs for six weeks. The North Zone opens the Saturday closest to April 1 and runs for six weeks. Limit: four gobblers or bearded birds. The spring-only/gobbler-only Rio Grande zone (a 10-county area from Milam south to Matagorda County) runs April 1 through 30. Limit: four gobblers or bearded birds. The Eastern Zone runs April 22 through May 14. Limit: one gobbler or bearded bird. Seasons might vary by county. Review Texas’ Outdoor Annual or check at tpwd.texas.gov/regulations/outdoor-annual/hunting/seasons/county-listing/.

UTAH

Subspecies: Rio Grande, Merriam’s

Estimated population: 25,000 to 37,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 3,300

Overall outlook: Jason D. Robinson, upland game program coordinator with the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources, says prospects look very good, as Utah’s turkey population is near a historic high.

Potential 2019 hotspots: Robinson pointed hunters toward southwestern Utah.

Quick tip: “Do a lot of scouting,” Robinson says. “Utah has lots of public lands with turkeys, so putting in the time before the season starts to find birds is critical.”

Season dates/bag limits: Limited-entry (quota) hunt: April 13 through 25. General season (over the counter): April 29 through May 31. Limit: one.

VERMONT

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: more than 45,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 5,898

Overall outlook: “Annual brood survey results indicate an above-average brood production year, with numerous observations of large flocks being reported statewide,” says Chris Bernier, wildlife biologist with the Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department. “Both the spring and fall hunts in 2018 were characterized by decent hunting conditions, high success rates and healthy birds. Despite Vermont’s robust turkey population going into this past fall, however, Vermont experienced a near complete failure of its fall mast sources, and an unusually harsh November with deep snow and extended cold. Obviously, these are not ideal conditions for wildlife and it could have a measurable impact on the turkey population.” As of this writing, though, winter is well underway, and conditions have not been as severe as they were in November, so it is entirely likely that the turkeys will be fine, and spring hunters will be rewarded by an abundant and healthy flock again this spring.

Potential 2019 hotspots: Bernier says hunters can find good turkey numbers throughout the state, but the habitat and climate in the Connecticut River (wildlife management units M and O), White River (units J1 and J2) and Lake Champlain (units F1, F2 and K) valleys have some of the best opportunities.

Quick tip: “Despite the waning turkey activity experienced in the latter part of the spring season, many nice birds are harvested right up until the last day,” Bernier says. “And, relative to this spring in particular, I anticipate that birds will probably be more active in farmland and fields due to the lack of nuts and seeds in the woods, so hunters should plan their hunts accordingly.”

Season dates/bag limits: Youth season: April 27 and 28. Regular season: May 1 through 31. Limit: two bearded turkeys.

VIRGINIA

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: 155,000 to 165,000

Spring 2018 harvest: 16,186

Overall outlook: “Reproduction last three years has been below average,” says Gary W. Norman, forest game-bird biologist with the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. “Reproduction in 2018 set a new record low for productivity. Spring 2019 will likely be a tough season for Virginia hunters.”

Potential 2019 hotspots: Historically, Virginia’s Tidewater Region, specifically the Northern Neck (Westmoreland, Northumberland and Richmond counties) has featured the state’s highest turkey densities.

Quick tip: “Scout before the season opens,” Norman says. “The success rates of hunters that scout are twice as high as those that do not.”
Season dates/bag limits: Youth and apprentice hunt: April 6 and 7. Regular season: April 13 through May 18. Limit: three birds per license year. If a hunter does not kill any turkeys during the fall season, he can take three bearded birds per spring—one per day.

WASHINGTON

Subspecies: Merriam’s, Rio Grande and Eastern. Hunters can achieve the Washington slam by harvesting all the subspecies. See the spring regulation pamphlet for more details (wdfw.wa.gov/hunting/regulations).

Estimated population: Not available

Spring 2018 harvest: Not available; 4,814 in Spring 2017

Overall outlook: "We had a warm and dry spring in 2018, so that likely led to high brood success," says Sarah Kindschuh, small-game and furbearer specialist with the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. "We are also having a mild winter, so overwinter survival of adults and young will probably be high."

Potential 2019 Hotspots: Kindschuh says turkey numbers appear to be at record levels in the Spokane area of eastern Washington. "The hottest area is typically northern Spokane county, with southern and western Spokane a close second," she adds. "There are few turkeys in Whitman County and the majority of turkeys in Lincoln County are found north of Highway 2."

In south-central Washington, turkeys abound in the rural-urban interface, especially near the communities of White Salmon, Husum, Klickitat, Appleton and Stevenson.

Quick tip: "The key to improving your chances for success is to respectfully contact landowners where you have observed turkeys to request access permission or to secure access from friends or relatives who own land," Kindschuh says. "Where fall seasons are in place and landowners are experiencing property damage from high numbers of turkeys, hunters may gain favor with landowners by offering to pursue hens on their land in the fall season. This goodwill can lead to increased spring hunting access on those lands."

More information on private land access is available at wdfw.wa.gov/hunting/hunting_access.

Season dates/bag limits: Youth-only season: April 6 and 7. General season: April 15 through May 31. Limit: the combined spring/youth season limit is three male turkeys or birds with visible beards. A hunter can only kill two turkeys in eastern Washington, and only one can be killed in Chelan, Kittitas or Yakima counties. One turkey per year in western Washington outside of Klickitat County, in which two turkeys can be killed.

WEST VIRGINIA

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: Not available

Spring 2018 harvest: 12,274

Overall outlook: Turkey numbers and harvests have decreased somewhat in recent years, but the Spring 2018 harvest marked a 15-year high and a 6 percent increase from 2017.

Potential 2019 hotspots: Hunters in the West Virginia Department of Natural Resources’ District 1 — essentially the northern portion of the state — killed the most turkeys in Spring 2018.

Quick tip: The state owns more than 500,000 acres open to hunting, and the U.S. Forest Service manages about another 1 million open to hunters.

Season dates/bag limits: Youth season: April 13. Regular season: April 15 through May 11. Limit: two bearded turkeys.

WISCONSIN

Subspecies: Eastern

Estimated population: No estimate

Spring 2018 harvest: 38,885

Overall outlook: “Production was likely down due to the extensive late snowfall we received during the nesting period, but thankfully we had very good brood conditions over the summer,” says Mark Witecha, upland wildlife ecologist and Farm Bill specialist with the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. “The population overall has continued to thrive, and I anticipate another successful spring hunt in Wisconsin.”

Potential 2019 hotspots: Witecha says agricultural areas in southern Wisconsin have the state’s highest turkey densities.

Quick tip: Later seasons can be very good, as pressure wanes and turkeys are spread throughout their habitat.

Season dates/bag limits: Youth season: April 13 and 14. Regular season: six seven-day periods, April 17 through May 28. Limit: one bearded turkey per harvest authorization (leftover tags for some units and time periods available for sale in mid-March).

WYOMING

Subspecies: Merriam’s; some Rio Grandes and hybrids, depending on location

Estimated population: No estimate

Spring 2018 harvest: 2,584

Overall outlook: “Reproductive success has been average to slightly above average the past three years,” says Joe Sandrini, wildlife biologist with the Wyoming Game and Fish Department. “While populations in most areas are still below historic highs, bird numbers are trending upward, and hunting should be good.”

Potential 2019 hotspots: Sandrini says the Black Hills (Hunt Area 1) provides Wyoming’s primary public-land spring hunting opportunity. It’s a general license area (over the counter). Private-land hunting is best in near Sheridan (Hunt Area 3), but gaining access can be challenging.

Quick tip: “Hunters choosing to hunt the Black Hills (Hunt Area 1) can double or triple up by hunting adjoining areas in South Dakota or nearby Nebraska,” Sandrini adds. “Hunters are encouraged to hunt the last two weeks of the season, as the weather is more predictable, the ability to access the majority of the national forest is better, and toms are more call responsive after hens are on the nest (normally by May 10).”

Season dates/bag limits: The second Saturday in April through May 20 or April 1 through May 20 (varies by hunt area). Limit: one male or bearded turkey per license. Before the license draw, hunters can only apply for and receive one license. After the draw, hunters can apply for and receive up to three licenses total, only one of which may be a general license.

Leave a comment

Send a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.