Colorectal Cancer: A Growing Concern in Thailand
Dr. Wirawut Imsamran, Deputy Director General of the Department of Medical Services, has highlighted the increasing prevalence of colorectal cancer globally. This form of cancer has become a major cause of death and a pressing public health issue due to changing lifestyles. It is now among the top five most common cancers in Thailand, with rising cases reported annually. Disturbingly, it ranks as the third most common form of cancer in men and the second most common in women.
According to Dr. Napa Siriwiwattanakul, Director of the National Cancer Institute, the transformation of Thai eating habits towards high-fat foods and fast food consumption has played a significant role in this alarming trend. Factors such as the consumption of charred and re-fried foods, as well as processed meats, have emerged as key risks. Additional risk factors include smoking, excessive alcohol intake, sedentary lifestyles, obesity, and a family history of the disease or presence of colon polyps.
Colon cancer usually originates from intestinal polyps, progressing into cancer over a span of 10-15 years. Unfortunately, symptoms tend to manifest only in the late stages of the disease, reducing the effectiveness of treatment. Warning signs include abnormal bowel movements, alternating bouts of constipation and diarrhea, increased frequency of stools, incomplete stools, presence of mucus or blood (including fresh blood) in the stool, reduced stool size, and abdominal discomfort.
However, the good news is that colorectal cancer can be detected through screening, enabling early treatment, and significantly improving chances of recovery. It is recommended that individuals aged 50 and above undergo annual screening for colorectal cancer by testing for hidden blood in their stool. In case of an abnormal result, a colonoscopy should be conducted. Should any abnormalities or polyps be found in the large intestine, a biopsy will be carried out to establish a definitive diagnosis.
- Colorectal cancer
- Cancer prevention
colon and rectal cancer
Dr Wirawut Imsamran, Deputy Director General of the Department of Medical Services, said that colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers in many countries around the world. With the changing lifestyle of the population, the incidence of colorectal cancer is constantly increasing. leading to major causes of death and public health problems that become more serious every year In Thailand, colorectal cancer is one of the five most common cancers among Thai people. There are more cases of the disease every year. It is currently the 3rd most common in men and the 2nd in women.
Napa Siriwiwattanakul, MD director of the National Cancer Institute said that the lifestyle of Thai people has changed a lot from the past, especially eating behavior such as high fat foods. Fast food has become more and more popular. eating chargrilled food Food from re-frying oil and processed meat It is considered an important risk factor for the disease. There are also other risk factors such as smoking, drinking alcohol. lack of exercise being overweight as well as a family history or having a polyp in the colon, etc Colon cancer starts from intestinal polyps (polyps) and develops into cancer over a period of around 10-15 years Symptoms in early stages the disease Symptoms will only appear as the disease progresses to the final stages. As a result, the treatment does not work as well as it should. Common symptoms of the disease include abnormal defecation. Constipation alternating with diarrhea Frequent stools, incomplete stools, mucus or mucus mixed with blood, or may contain fresh blood. Reduced stool size and suffering from abdominal pain, distension, flatulence, colic, etc. However, colorectal cancer is a cancer that can be screened to find cancer in the early stages. As a result, the treatment is effective and there is a high chance of recovery People aged 50 and over should be screened for colorectal cancer by checking for occult blood in the stool once a year. If it is abnormal, a colonoscopy should be performed. In case of polyps or abnormalities in the large intestine the doctor will carry out a biopsy on that area for further diagnosis.
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