|author||Mr. Xu Wei Min (Herbert HSU), Deputy Government Representative Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Thailand|
Taiwan and the world prepare to step into “Net Zero Emissions Target” in the future
As of August 2021, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has published The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of Working Group 1 on Climate Change. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere has continued to record new highs. Prove that human activities make up the atmosphere. Oceans and hot land have increased in temperature. Many countries are facing climate disasters such as winter storms that damage the Texas energy system. severely usa North America’s west coast experienced record temperatures of 50C, with heavy rainfall causing severe flooding in western Europe, Thailand and China. Taiwan also experienced its worst drought and unusually heavy rainfall in recent years. Over the past 50 years, extreme climate change has become a global challenge.
By 2020, the Asia-Pacific region has become the most disaster zone in the world. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has recorded 24 climate disasters, including floods, typhoons, extreme cold and droughts. The most violent nature for Thailand And Thailand is ranked among the 10 countries most affected by floods. In addition, droughts and cyclones have started to have more negative impacts. Because Thailand is an important agricultural country in the tropics. Agricultural production rates are closely related to climate variability. Unusual weather conditions such as strong cyclones unusual rainfall Severe droughts and floods, etc., will occur more frequently and continuously in the future.
The IPCC’s latest report shows that global average temperature events have risen to 1.5 degrees Celsius as greenhouse gas emissions will occur between 2025 and 2044, faster than previously anticipated. In addition, extreme weather conditions will occur and tend to intensify. One possibility to curb temperature increases is to achieve net zero emissions reductions by 2050. To date, more than 130 countries around the world have announced zero carbon emissions targets. net zero) “Net zero greenhouse gas emissions target by 2050” is the focus of the 26th United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference. or COP 26 to be held between October 31 and November 12 in Glasgow. united kingdom To show Taiwan’s commitment to reducing carbon emissions Last April In August, President Tsai Ing-wen announced that Taiwan had set goals and guidelines to achieve zero net emissions reductions by 2050. In August, Prime Minister Su Zhenchang of the Republic of China (Taiwan) also announced amendments to the law relating to The “Net Zero GHG Reduction Target by 2050” promotes the transition to a greener economy. To move forward a green, low-carbon and zero-carbon economy. by changing the way of life of people production processes and the use of resources of the private sector to keep up with the progress of carbon reduction internationally.
The United Nations (UN) continues to urge all countries to implement the Paris Agreement. to deal with climate change strictly Although Taiwan has not yet been able to present a climate action plan at the COP26 meeting, Taiwan will continue to pursue its commitment and strengthen cooperation with countries in various fields to express its commitment to Taiwan’s participation as follows:
1. Environmental Governance
Taiwan succeeds in environmental governance and drives the law. Taiwan is willing to share its experiences with other countries. It is currently helping Palau to promote its Carbon Neutral Tourism (Carbon Neutral Tourism) Carbon Feet Calculator. The world’s first Carbon Footprint Calculator. and planning carbon offsets To meet the country’s greenhouse gas reduction target (Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)
2. Disaster prevention and warning
Taiwan promotes Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and related positioning systems in Latin America and the Caribbean. and has helped Belize and Nicaragua upgrade their technology, disaster mitigation and early warning capabilities.
3. Upgrade energy efficiency
Taiwan has long used technology to improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Currently assisting the Marshall Islands in the preparation of “Project to increase household energy efficiency and renewable energy” by transferring green energy technologies and reduce the rate of use of polluting fossil fuels
4. Green Finance and Technological Innovation
Taiwan’s green energy is strong. and promote investment and technology transfer through international climate financing. Currently, Taiwan’s International Development Fund (International Cooperation and Development Fund ,Taiwan ICDF) has provided funding of 55 million USD. to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to help countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Enhance climate change adaptation capability and strengthen climate resilience
Taiwan has been greatly impacted by climate change. For this reason, there have been a large number of experts in this field and related technologies have been developed. Taiwan is willing to share experiences and knowledge with the international community. However, due to political factors, so far Taiwan has only been able to attend the meeting as an observer of non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Fighting climate change is a must for all countries. Cooperate and act vigorously on climate change in one direction. Taiwan has never given up on this responsibility. and should be given the opportunity to participate in the carbon reduction mechanism negotiation and activities related to the Paris Agreement equally In response to climate change, we therefore urge all countries not to look only at political factors. Should join together to support Taiwan to join the UNFCCC in a professional and helpful manner. Let Taiwan contribute to the fight against climate change with countries around the world.