The Biggest Issues for States to Watch in 2019

There will be 18 policies and proposals that will affect state statutes this year.



While the Medicaid landscape continues to change, it appears that there is access to more healthcare in at least five states this year.

Four of the states that Medicaid expands in 2019 to do so at the ballot box. The last fall, voters in Idaho, Nebraska and Utah approved Medicaid extended. Mainers voted to extend access in 2017, but GOP Gov. Paul LePage found it, arguing that the funding was not in place. Now that the Democratic Janet Mills is a new governor, Maine seems to be going on.

Virginia is the fifth state to expand Medicaid. Lawmakers reached a compromise to extend Medicaid to work need last year.

Other states that could expand in 2019 include Kansas and Montana. Kansas came close to expanding Medicaid back in 2016, when-Gov was there. Sam Brownback vetoed an extended bill. The legislature was unable to overcome the veto, but with Democrat Laura Kelly now in the governor's office, Medicaid is likely to get back on the move this year.

Montana was the only state that limited the expansion of Medicaid by the ballot box. He expanded Medicaid in 2015, but the law for sunset is in June. The November ballot measure recommended that the state's share of expansion be funded by raising cigarette taxes, which fiercely fought tobacco interests. It is now expected that the legislature determines the fate of development. —Matthe Quinn



Thank you very much to the 2017 federal tax reform, income tax collections in 2018. However, law makers and budget directors know this year how much of this revenue income can be relied upon in the future.

Two forces were the result of unprecedented growth in income tax income, which increased by 69 per cent in December in December 2017. The first was high-income earners and small businesses that kept it out of income. they could from 2016 and 2017 in advance. last year's income tax cut. They found it, but it wasn't as big as expected. The other force of taxpayers in high-tax states was pushing their 2018 taxes to pre-filed before the $ 10,000 cap went on state and local tax deductions in place.

There is evidence that some of this initial income blow will continue, as income tax income continues to expect expectations. During the first three months of 2018, for example, income tax collections increased in 38 states, 23 of which reported double digit growth, according to research by Lucy Dadayan of the Urban Institute.

But whether the lump sums are going up to the states really. Thanks to the overhaul, less dollars are subject to state and local tax deduction. This will result in increased taxation at federal and higher overall tax bills. In 19 states at least there are deductions that make more than the $ 10,000 cap in total. This includes state-of-the-art high-ranking states such as California, Connecticut, New Jersey and New York and more conservative states such as Nebraska, Ohio and Wisconsin. This will create more pressure than ever for lawmakers to solve the problem, says Rudy Salo, public finance attorney at Nixon Peabody. “The vast majority of the country,” he says, “the pain is going in April.”

Last year, Connecticut, New Jersey and New York created workarounds that allowed taxpayers to fully deduct their state and local taxes, but issued the Internal Revenue Service that aimed to complete those gaps.

Still, other policy options are available at state. In fact, a new one is associated with a new payroll tax enacted by New York. But it is difficult to sell because it is complicated to execute. So far, less than 0.1 percent of employers of the state have accepted it. This may change this year as more taxpayers understand the full effect of tax reform. —Former Farmer

BLACK paid pay


In recent years, partisan steam has been concerned with issues of workplace fairness, and 2019 seeks to expand these issues.

The minimum wage increases are laws that prevent pregnancy discrimination and paid sick leave laws for both lawmakers and voters. At present, ten states and District of Columbia have paid a number of sick leave law on the books, and most of these laws have been enacted over the last four years. The 11th state came in Michigan in September to mandate paid sick leave, but a bill passed by makers last month releases those requirements. Progressive groups have said that they will issue the issue to voters later this year, in line with Maine, who have paid a sick leave initiative for the ballot. —Matthe Quinn



Marijuana continues to march lawfully through ballot measures, and lawmakers in other states, Connecticut, New Jersey and New York could soon be included.

Last year Vermont was the first state to run a partially lawful bill in the legislature, and others may soon be in Connecticut, New Jersey and New York, among other states. Delaware also managed to run a lawful bill in 2018, but it did not succeed in realizing what was required. It is expected that lawmakers will try again this year.

Meanwhile, there are legal medical marijuana in 33 states. South Carolina, Texas and Virginia can consider legislation with its lawfulness in 2019. “We're increasingly likely to be a flag year for marijuana at state level,” says Justin Strekal, NORML's political director, counsel. nonprofit for legal marijuana. —Alan Greenblatt



Last year was a good year for education funding. Expect that momentum will come into effect in 2019.

After years of cutbacks and underfunding after the Great Recession, the frustration of spring recently ended in broad teacher strikes and walks in six states. The results emerged from the exhibitions: Oklahoma makers ran the first tax round in the state in almost 30 years, which will be used to reinforce teachers' salaries; Arizona promised a 20 percent pay increase over three years; and West Virginia teachers earned a 5 percent pay rise.

Now, thanks to the increased awareness and changes in political power after the medium-term, more activity is likely to take place. For people starting out, 47 teachers and educator ran frustrated to office and won them last year. They included Democrat Tony Evers, Wisconsin's public teaching commander. He broke two terms of Republican Scott Walker.

Elsewhere, many coal-seekers gave a key point for school funding. George Gov.-Brian Kemp, Republican, recommended that school teachers receive a $ 5,000 pay rise. Illinois Gov.-J. J. Pritzker, Democratic, campaign on a progressive income tax platform says it would provide additional funding for schools. And New Mexico promised Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham, Democracy, during her campaign to increase access to pre-launch programs and find better ways to test student skills. “The teacher protests got the conversation and changed it,” said Michael Leachman, senior director of state fiscal research for the Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. “It is clear that political dynamics have changed around this issue.”

But the momentum and the other money is one thing. The only bright spot is that state law will provide new revenue streams that allow them to collect online sales taxes and initiate sports betting. Michael Griffth, school finance expert at the State Education Commission, warns that new tax revenues are not intended for education. Often, he says, there's not enough money in it. “If you are going to spend your political capital, you want to make sure it pays for what you need.”

It is likely that more people will be walking in 2019 in this dilemma. In fact, the first one is already scheduled: Virginia public teachers have planned to march on their Capitol state on 28 January. —Former Farmer



Voting is one of the biggest issues in the country. This will continue in 2019, with red and blue states moving in different directions on voting rights.

Building on the momentum from the start of the Florida ballot in November to restore the voting rights to former militants, the Democrats in other states will press similar legislation, including in New York and Virginia. where governors have conferred rights by executive order. Other states that refuse an old marina, such as Iowa and Kentucky, could discuss the issue.

15 states accepted the registration of automatic voters, signing people when they interact with motor vehicle departments or other state agencies, as Oregon passed the first law in 2015. The passage is almost given in Democratic controlled states. in case not already implemented, such as Maine, New Mexico and New York.

Lawmakers are also expected to require same day registration, which applies in some form in 18 states, or which will release other deadlines for registering or changing parties before elections.

For GOP, the focus is on maintaining registered voter rolls. In June, the US Supreme Court approved Ohio's policy on voters not responding to postcards sent by the state after they voted in federal elections. GOP officials say they are trying to prevent duplicate registrations and other possible ways of fraud. “How data is stored is changing,” says Matt Walter, president of the Republic's State Leadership Committee. “These things are not living in a larger state heading. They are there when foreign actors can try to infiltrate them. ”

Advocates for voting rights warn that the ruling of the Supreme Court gives other states “green light” to extinguish voters with thousands. “It is not clear to me that they are going to emulate the exact process of Ohio, but people who want to restrict voting will see Ohio,” says Wendy Weiser, who directs the democracy program in the Brennan Center for Justice. , which enjoys extensive voting rights.

As advocates on the left and right claiming voting rights and access, there is one clear agreement. A bilateral consensus has been made that many states and counties have to modernize their voting equipment, many of which have been in service since the beginning of the century. More than 40 states use machines that are no longer manufactured. How much financial support can they expect from Congress still in the air, but the majority of the new Democrats in the US have indicated that voting rights will be one of its top priorities. —Alan Greenblatt



In recent years block block – the technology underpinning the basin – has disappeared from a vague, futuristic concept until many people believe the next major technology to change the government.

Blockchain is a type of distribution ledger technology that allows multiple users to record data and transactions immediately without understanding. Until recently, the States have only regularized the technology and use of it in digital currency, trying to find out how to take it themselves. Delaware and Illinois have initiatives to test the technology in land records and digital commerce; Last year, West Virginia piloted a block sum platform for mobile voting in the main elections.

The momentum is expected to continue as some states – legislation was passed in California, Connecticut, Colorado and Wyoming – in 2018 creating working groups aimed at assessing the use of technology in government and state traffic. Already in Wyoming, the state Block Task Force has stated that it plans to push at least half a dozen projects in 2019. —Former Farmer



Of the 23 states with minimum pay increases since 2012 through legislation, 22 were democratically controlled. This trend is likely to continue.

The democratically controlled legislatures approved minimum wage increases in the last two years in Illinois, New Mexico, New Jersey, Nevada and Vermont, only to veto them by GOP governors. Democratic governors are now all those states, except Vermont, including Phil Murphy from New Jersey, who says that pay hike is a priority.

However, when legislators do not act, voters will. They often took wages through ballot measures, recently in November in Arkansas and Missouri. —Alan Greenblatt



From the outset, the Trump administration indicated that it intended to devolve many responsibilities of the Environmental Protection Agency to states and areas by releasing federal regulations. This was no more obvious than President Obama's Clean Power Plan.

In late August, the EPA issued a new rule allowing coal plants that would be required to retire under Obama's proposal to continue to operate indefinitely, with modest modifications. But many states are crushed back, trying to keep the line on environmental safeguards. “California is a leader of that, but we've also seen efforts in Illinois, New Jersey and New York,” says Jen Hensley, state lobbying director and advocate at the Sierra Club.

Still, states like Arizona, Florida and Texas can continue to restore regulations on coal plants.

Another area where this battle is to release or set regulations on the shore is methane. President Trump overturned the Obama era rule which forced energy companies to catch the gas. Various state solicitors generally sued the administration in response, but some states could adopt legislation to try to restrict their release. —Graham Vyse



As the 2020 Census is fast approaching, 2019 is crucial for preparatory efforts. Some of the states, however, are much longer than others.

States generally establish, through legislation or executive orders, the Whole Accounts Committees which organize Census support activities and raise public awareness. Most of the states were still to be done as last month, including Florida, Texas and other major states that saw significant population changes in recent years. Executive branch turnover changed, in part at least, planning and preparation in some states. Terri Ann Lowenthal, the census adviser, says that she is looking forward to a move to accelerate the fact that secondary schools are around and that newly elected governors are taking up office.

In the past, money has been allocated by states to increase federal funding for counting and outreach activities. At least eight state legislators have made dollars to date, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. While some states have set aside small funds to employ a few co-ordinators, others have set aside large amounts. For example, California, budgeted at California, is $ 90 million to it. This has been a major change since a decade ago when it has only spent a few million out for outreach.

The increase in the current political environment is a partial response. There are many fears that a question of citizenship that pushed the Trump administration on to the immigrants could choose not to respond to the Census, which could lead to a large number. Census counts have major consequences, with billions being directed in annual federal funding and the allocation of House seats. Population projections suggest that Alabama, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and West Virginia are at risk of losing a house seat. This could be a “trigger for some states that are on the bubble,” says Todd Graham, who chairs the national network of Census Data Centers.

One state is one state that could soon put aside a significant sum of money. A coalition of advocacy groups asked the state to pay $ 40 million and plans to lobby law makers. The Arizona House bill which distributes $ 2 million will be reintroduced this year, and similar proposals have been sponsored by lawmakers in other states. —Michael



When most of the legislatures hit last year, electric scooters, perhaps an unusual toy, were a new phenomenon, but they are a cause of concern for the traffic cops, much smaller state makers. However, companies with entrepreneurial capital support have introduced rental scooter fleets in almost 100 US cities.

The rapid proliferation means that state and local officials must tackle all sorts of concerns about scooters: Do they belong to the street, the sidewalk or the bike lane? What safety regulations should be in place? Should cyclists have to wear helmets? Should they have a speed limit? Should they be allowed at all?

It is likely that state makers will begin to answer these questions next year. —Deliel C. Vock



Last year was very important for labor unions and their ruins, but left a lot of unfinished business that could demand the attention of legislators in 2019.

The largest development came from the Supreme Court, which ruled that states would not be able to pay their non-trade union employees to pay “fair share fees” to cover the costs of trade union services such as collective bargaining and arbitration. In decision 5-4, the judges ruled that the fees infringed public speaking rights.

The decision affects government workers in 22 states, which tend to have liberal leaks and do not have proper laws to work. There are a lot of states that have already tried to beat the Supreme Court's decision in Janus v. Reassure AFSCME by making it difficult for government employees to refuse to pay agency fees. The state of California, Maryland and Washington expressly give unions permission to explain the benefits of membership during the orientation of employees. California, New Jersey and Washington also prevent government officials from discouraging workers from entering trade unions.

More states could follow. Manufacturers of Massachusetts laws, for example, departed last year to find a “Janus arrangement.” If one proposal they were working on would allow trade unions to charge directly to non-members for services. they provide, such as complaints and arbitration hearings.

Meanwhile, custody groups are working to enforce control. Last year, the Liberty Law Center, which represented the complainant in Janus, sent retirement and parent orders to 11 states claiming to allow workers to refuse to pay agency fees immediately. Two teachers invoked the governor of New Jersey and the largest teachers' union in the state to challenge the law of a new state that only public employees can “refuse” to pay agency fees during a 10-day commemorative window. .

Other conservative groups, such as the Nevada Policy Research Institute, are seeking to hamper the power of public unions. They want trade unions to be withheld from time to time, which means that workers have to vote to keep their current trade unions every few years. They also want workers to be able to represent themselves in contract negotiations.

But in 2018 too, public employees hired their muscles in states when they don't have as much power on paper. Teachers in six states went on strike to demand better pay and classroom conditions. A ballot measure sponsored by a new legal union advanced Missouri's right to work, which was passed by Republican makers. Two thirds of the voters in the August election refused the law. And labor groups helped two of the people against the public sector trade unions to overcome in gubernatorial elections in November: Scott Walker Republicans from Wisconsin and Bruce Rauner of Illinois.

Together, the results mean that both sides of the trade union debates are galvanized, and are likely to lead to further fights. —Deliel C. Vock



In an attempt to undermine the Affordable Care Act, the University House Speaker, Paul Ryan tried a few years ago to add work requirements to much of the conference's efforts to remove the program. But while he failed at the federal level, the states succeeded better in requiring people to get work to gain benefits.

Arkansas just rolled out work requirements in 2018 – and the PR was not big. Over 12,000 people have lost coverage, many of whom stated that they were unaware of the new work requirement or that they had lost bureaucracy in reporting working hours.

Starting this month, Indiana and New Hampshire are to phase in work needs for Medicaid beneficiaries. Both states have different rules and exemptions, and New Hampshire requires people to work or volunteer 100 times a month, while Indiana needs only 20 hours. Indiana changes will also roll out slower, with a six month grace period before people start losing insurance, and only two months at New Hampshire beneficiaries will meet them. “The complexities of each of these different rules make my own head,” says Jennifer Wagner, policy analyst for the Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. “So even when you have a guard rail, people don't know about them and they won't use them.” T

While Kentucky was the first state to receive work requirements approved in last January, a federal judge quickly described them, which returned them to the Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Centers for review. But the federal government made a duplication and resubmission of a Kentucky application, which is now to be implemented starting in April.

With the November elections giving full control to Republicans in 23 states, curators are sure to continue working requirements this year. There are nine states awaiting waiver of work requirement before CMS, including Alabama, Kansas, Mississippi and South Dakota. Wisconsin lawmakers, whose waiver has been approved, voted last month to proceed and phase them in next year.

Republicans argue that work needs are a ladder of poverty. In his letter approving Wisconsin's work needs, CMS Administrator, Seema Verma, issued a hard statement to critics. “I recognize that there are people who do not agree with this approach,” she wrote, adding that CMS believes that “working needs“ help people take out the shadows of opportunity and into their light. ” —Matthe Quinn



“People sent a very clear message,” said Gretchen Whitmer, the new Democratic Governor of Michigan, on Night Election. “They want us to fix the damn roads.”

Whitmer used this slight salty slogan as a rallying cry during her campaigns. She did not specify how Michigan would take about $ 2 billion in new state income. But any idea that she eventually proposed would be legislation directed by Republicans to become law, and GOP makers in recent years were reluctant to raise taxes.

Still, Whitmer is one of a number of newly elected governors talking about the need to raise funds for infrastructure improvements. This could, coupled with the fact that law-makers are more likely to raise transport-related taxes in non-election years, make 2019 a year to boost state transport budgets.

Tim Walz, Minnesota, plans to include a 10-cent-in-gallon gas tax election in his first budget proposal, and Connecticut's new governor, Ned Lamont, would like to start toll trucks to raise revenue for infrastructure. Colorado makers will decide how two of the transport-related ballot measures can drop down, and whether they will send Gov.-Jared Polis's plans on a commuter rail along the Front Range in a new transport package. Other states that could accept transport funding include Alabama, Illinois, Georgia, Massachusetts, New Mexico, Ohio and Wisconsin. —Deliel C. Vock



The epidemic of gun violence in America brought the nation's attention again in 2018, from the supermarket which killed 17 people at Douglas Marjory Stoneman High School in Parkland, Fla., With a 12 murder at a bar in Thousand Oaks, Calif. Despite Gallup's poll showing that 60% of Americans favor gun laws more stringent, federal makers did not take any action on the issue.

But the situation was very different in the states. Twenty-two states, with many Republican governors, enacted 50 new laws restricting access to guns. These were states of California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Washington and Washington Wisconsin. The laws ranged from banning to bump stocks that would allow people to temporarily disarm their violent.

In addition, Washington state voters approved a comprehensive gun control ballot in November, restricting access to semi-automatic rifles, imposing gun storage requirements, and strengthening background checks and waiting times.

Now states are ready to take further action. There are several, including Minnesota, New York and Pennsylvania, considering “red flag” laws, which allow families and the police to seek court orders that restrict people's access to guns that may be affected. dangerous. (This policy was enacted by Florida with bilateral support following Parkland shooting.) Nevada's lawmakers are attracting a ban on lump sum stocks and high-capacity magazines, as well as new methods of enforcing the state's vetted background check law.

Elsewhere, advocates advocated gun rights. Seven states expanded access to guns in 2018, according to Stateline. In Iowa, the legislature recently approved a resolution to cover the "right to carry arms" in the state's constitution. The State House and the Seanad must run the second time, this year or later, and Iowa voters can vote on a constitutional amendment at that stage. —Graham Vyse



Tá rialtais fós ag iarraidh a fháil amach cé mhéad bealach a bhfuil tionchar ag an ngéarchéim opioid ar a mbuiséid. Ach is é an rud atá ar eolas acu ná go bhfuil na costais ag luí go dáiríre. Mar thoradh air sin, tá go leor stát ag féachaint ar bhealaí chun opioids a chánachas chun cabhrú le híoc as an ngéarchéim anois.

An bhliain seo caite, ba é Nua-Eabhrac an t-aon stát rathúil i measc dosaen a rinne iarracht cáin nua a chur ar chógaisíocht. Tá iarrachtaí móra mar thoradh ar iarrachtaí móra ón tionscal. Mar shampla, bhí an chuma air go raibh cáin pingin-a-pill i Minnesota anuraidh i dtreo sliocht éasca go dtí go ndearna an Taighde Cógaisíochta agus Déantóirí Mheiriceá an bille a mhaoirsiú go trom.

Deir lucht déanta dlí i Minnesota, chomh maith le California, Delaware, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Montana, New Jersey, Tennessee agus Vermont, go bhfuil sé ar intinn acu reachtaíocht a ghlacadh in 2019 chun cáin a ghearradh ar Big Pharma as a ról sa ghéarchéim. —Léas Feirmeoir



Chonaic go leor daoine a bhí i gcoinne an ghinmhillte toghchán an Uachtaráin Trump mar eochair-bhua in iarrachtaí leanúnacha an rochtain siar a cuireadh ar fáil faoi Roe v. Wade. Agus in 2019, ní fhéadfadh an tírdhreach breathnú níos fearr do na foes ginmhillte sin.

Agus an Breitheamh Anthony Kennedy ar scor ón gCúirt Uachtarach in 2018, agus an deimhniú ina dhiaidh sin ar Brett Kavanaugh, tá an chúirt níos coimeádaí anois ná mar a bhí i gcuimhne le déanaí. “Táimid ag féachaint ar thart ar dhosaen cás ginmhillte a théann tríd na cúirteanna ina bhféadfadh an toradh Roe a bhaint amach,” a deir Elizabeth Nash, saineolaí beartais stáit d'Institiúid Guttmacher, eagraíocht taighde a thacaíonn le rochtain ginmhillte. Le ceapachán Kavanaugh, deir sí, “Ceapaim go gcuirfidh sé an ante suas.”

Go deimhin, táthar ag súil go ndéanfaidh stáit chaomhnaitheacha na teorainneacha a thástáil maidir le cad iad na srianta ginmhillte a cheadóidh na cúirteanna in 2019. Ag an am céanna, meastar go n-íocfaidh stáit atá níos forchéimnithí dlíthe a chódóidh rochtain ar chúram sláinte atáirgthe.

Rinne naoi stát déag achtú ar 63 srianta ar ghinmhilleadh in 2017 – an chuid is mó ó 2013 – de réir Institiúid Guttmacher. Agus in 2018, ritheadh ​​dhá bheart ginmhillte atá ceangailte sa chúirt faoi láthair: bille Iowa a chuireann cosc ​​ar ghinmhilleadh a luaithe is a bhraitear buille croí agus cosc ​​ar ghinmhilleadh 15 seachtaine i Mississippi. Bhíothas ag súil go gceadódh reachtóirí Ohio bille croí an mhí seo caite.

D'éirigh le lucht freastail cearta ginmhillte ag an mbosca ballóide freisin. I mí na Samhna ritheadh ​​dhá bheart frith-ghinmhillte, agus vótáil Alabama agus West Virginia ginmhilleadh i gcás go ndéantar an Roe a aisghairm nó a ghoid sna cúirteanna. Cé go bhfuil an dá cheann neamh-infheidhmithe den chuid is mó anois, ní dhéanann beart ballóide West Virginia deireadh le clúdach ginmhillte do thairbhithe Medicaid, agus aithníonn Alabama “beannaíocht na beatha neamhbheirthe agus cearta leanaí neamhbheirthe, lena n-áirítear an ceart chun beatha” ina bhunreacht stáit.

Idir an dá linn, tá roinnt stát claonta ag obair chun dlíthe frith-ghinmhillte a aisghairm ar na leabhair. Táthar ag súil go nglacfaidh lucht déanta dlí i Nua-Mheicsiceo reachtaíocht chun deireadh a chur le cosc ​​réamh-Roe an Stáit ar ghinmhilleadh, agus féadfaidh reachtóirí Nua-Eabhrac vótáil ar a dlí réamh-Roe a chuireann toirmeasc ar ghinmhilleadh thar 24 seachtaine. —Mata Quinn



In 2014, rinne Bill Haslam, Poblachtach Poblachtach, an t-ardoideachas a athmhúnlú ina stát nuair a rinne sé coláiste pobail saor in aisce do gach mac léinn ardchéime. Mhéadaigh an clár, Tennessee Promise, rollú freshman 13 faoin gcéad ina chéad trí bliana.

Theastaigh ó Haslam ach a stát a dhéanamh níos iomaíche, ach chuir an smaoineamh tús le gluaiseacht náisiúnta. Ní fada tar éis a lainseála, lean California, Nua Eabhrac, Oregon agus Rhode Island le cláir chosúla chun costas an oideachais dara leibhéal a scriosadh nó a ísliú. Agus rinne na Liobrálaithe náisiúnta suntasacha, ar nós iar-Uachtarán Barack Obama agus Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, pointe cainte saor in aisce.

Táthar ag súil go rachaidh an móiminteam sin i bhfeidhm in 2019, agus go háirithe tá stáit ghorm ag iarraidh reachtaíocht a rith a mhéadóidh rochtain ar ardoideachas. Is mian le Virginia, mar shampla, gealltóireacht spóirt a dhéanamh dleathach agus na fáltais a úsáid chun costas teagaisc ag coláistí pobail Achadh an Iúir a ísliú. Cheana féin, tá sé beartaithe ag an stát $ 1 billiún a infheistiú i gCampas Nuálaíochta Virginia Tech, a bhfuil sé beartaithe é a bheith mar mhol ardteicneolaíochta nach dtabharfaidh tallann do Amazon ach a mheallfaidh gnólachtaí níos ardteicneolaíochta.

Tá bac mór ar reachtaíocht ar bith a rith ag fáil amach conas íoc as. Tá ceann de na cláir chúnaimh theagaisc is sine sa tír ag Louisiana, Clár Taylor Opportunity do Mhic Léinn (TOPS), a seoladh i 1998. Íocann an clár teagasc, agus i roinnt cásanna stipinn bhreise, do mhic léinn ard-ghnóthachtála a fhreastalaíonn ar coláiste poiblí sa stát. Ach diúltaíodh do dhá phlean chun an clár a leathnú anuraidh. Tá TOPS tar éis ciorruithe buiséid a bhaint amach ar feadh na mblianta; the program was cut by 30 percent in 2016. Lawmakers are expected to take a long look at the program and funding this spring.

States are also looking to improve access by bringing more four-year degree programs to community colleges. Currently, 19 states allow community colleges to grant bachelor’s degrees, and another dozen may take up such legislation in 2019. Last fall, California lawmakers extended a pilot program that allows more than a dozen community colleges in the state to offer bachelor’s degrees. —J. Brian Charles

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