The Causes, Symptoms, and Management of Dizziness: A Comprehensive Guide

Dizziness: A Common Symptom Demanding Attention

Dizziness is a prevalent symptom experienced by individuals at least once in their lifetime, with a significant 20-30% of people encountering it. The likelihood of dizziness increases with age, particularly by 10% for every 5 years among individuals over the age of 60.

Recognizing the Symptoms

Patients may describe a variety of sensations associated with dizziness, such as a spinning or tilting feeling, floating or numbness, and a heavy sensation in the head. This sensation can be likened to the feeling after spinning in one direction, exercising on a treadmill, riding a boat, or jumping on a trampoline and then landing on the ground.

Accompanying Symptoms of Dizziness

When dizziness strikes rapidly, inaccurate speed perception can affect eye movement, posture maintenance, and blood pressure regulation. Consequently, symptoms such as sweating, paleness, nausea, and a feeling of leaning to one side or falling may occur alongside dizziness. Blurred vision or focus, helplessness, digestive disorders, and actual falls are also common complaints.

Identifying Causes of Dizziness

While everyone can induce dizziness through artificial means, daily situations that cause dizziness usually stem from diseases or dysfunctions of the vestibular, visual, and somatosensory organs responsible for speed transmission, as well as brain-related abnormalities. The vestibular organ and the brain are typically the main culprits. As a result, dizziness is sometimes classified into peripheral dizziness or central dizziness, depending on the location of the underlying disease.

Prevention Methods

Appropriate preventative measures can be taken depending on the underlying cause of dizziness. For instance, individuals with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo may benefit from supplementation with vitamin D to reduce the recurrence of dizziness. Likewise, reducing salt intake and caffeine consumption is advisable for managing vertigo attacks in individuals with Meniere’s disease. Managing stress levels, obtaining sufficient sleep, and controlling high blood pressure, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia can also prevent certain types of dizziness.

When to Seek Medical Attention

If experiencing dizziness, it is important to seek medical attention promptly for proper diagnosis and treatment. Depending on the severity and nature of the dizziness, a visit to the emergency room or outpatient treatment may be necessary. Emergency departments are best suited for evaluating life-threatening conditions or severe symptoms requiring immediate intervention, while outpatient care offers a more comprehensive evaluation and long-term management. In cases where severe dizziness persists for more than ten minutes or is accompanied by slurred speech, double vision, weakness, or lack of limb control, emergency room care is recommended. For mild or persistent dizziness, outpatient treatment provides a more suitable option for detailed evaluation and ongoing management.

By: [Author Name]

(source: National Information Portal)

Dizziness is a common symptom that anyone can experience at least once, and 20-30% of people will experience dizziness in their lifetime. The incidence of dizziness increases with age, and it is known that the incidence of dizziness increases by 10% for every 5 years among those over 60.


Patients express various sensations such as feeling that they or their surroundings are spinning or being pushed to one side, floating or feeling numb, and feeling heavy in the head. For example, the feeling you get after spinning in one direction, after exercising on a treadmill, or after riding a boat or walking on a trampoline and coming down to the floor.

Accompanying symptoms of dizziness

If dizziness is a rapid sense of speed, inaccurately measured speed information affects eye movement, posture maintenance, and blood pressure maintenance. For example, when we lower our head to turn and stand up, we feel things spinning, our body leaning to one side, sweating, paleness, and nausea as well as dizziness. Therefore, the symptoms of blurred vision or blurred focus, helplessness, a feeling of bending to one side or falling, or actually falling, digestive disorders, and nausea can of course be complained about by patients with dizziness.

a situation that causes dizziness

Normal people can create dizziness through unnatural and artificial stimuli, but the causes of dizziness that occur during everyday life are diseases or dysfunctions of the vestibular organs, visual organs, and somatosensory organs that transmit speed, and their interpretation in combination. is caused by disease or defect in the brain. In particular, it is most often caused by diseases of the vestibular organ and the brain. Therefore, depending on the location of the disease that causes dizziness, it is sometimes divided into peripheral dizziness and central dizziness. Depending on the disease causing dizziness, the intensity, clinical features and prognosis of dizziness also vary.


Depending on the cause of the dizziness, appropriate preventative measures may be helpful. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is known to be associated with a decrease in vitamin D, and vitamin D supplementation may reduce recurrence. In the case of Meniere’s disease, the evidence is not established, but a high salt diet and caffeine intake are known to be associated with vertigo attacks. Therefore, a low-salt diet and reducing caffeine intake can also be good lifestyle habits to reduce vertigo attacks in Meniere’s disease. Excessive stress and insomnia are aggravating factors of various dizziness attacks, so it is recommended to manage stress and get enough sleep. Since stroke and transient ischemic attack can be prevented by controlling high blood pressure, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia, it is also important to check the risk factors for vascular disease and take necessary medications regularly.

When to go to hospital

If you have dizziness, it is recommended to visit a hospital for diagnosis and treatment. Depending on the type and severity of the dizziness, you may need to visit the emergency room or outpatient treatment may be more appropriate. The emergency room and outpatient procedures are quite different. Although emergency departments may provide appropriate care in the evaluation of serious life-threatening conditions or when symptoms are severe enough to require intervention, outpatient care may be more appropriate for detailed case evaluation and long-term management. Therefore, it is appropriate to visit the emergency room if severe dizziness lasts for more than ten minutes or if it is accompanied by slurred speech or double vision, or weakness or lack of control of the limbs. If mild dizziness occurs repeatedly or persists, a more detailed evaluation and long-term management can be obtained through outpatient treatment rather than a visit to the emergency room.

Source: National Information Portal

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