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The corona crisis, private education also struck… Private education expenses for elementary, middle and high schools decreased by 12% last year

Private education participation rate decreased by 7.9%P last year
Private education expenses and participation rate for elementary and junior high school students decreased… The number of high school students increases
Arts and physical education subjects are also a hit… General subjects such as Kook Young-soo are better off

In the aftermath of the novel coronavirus infection (Corona 19), the total private education expenses for elementary, middle and high schools decreased by about 12% last year. The reinforcement of social distancing has limited sales of academies, and the rate of participation in private education has also greatly declined. In particular, private education expenditure and participation rate in private education decreased among elementary and middle school students. In the case of high school students before college entrance exams, both the participation rate and the cost of private education rose.

However, if the target was limited to only students participating in private education, private education expenses rose slightly and remained flat.
As for subjects, participation rate declined in arts and sports, but there was a trend of maintaining or increasing in general subjects. However, only for participating students, private education costs have risen compared to last year.

According to the “2020 Survey of Private Education Expenses for Elementary, Middle and High Schools” released by the National Statistical Office on the 9th, the total amount of private education expenses for elementary, middle and high schools from March to May and July to September of last year decreased by 11.8% from the previous year to KRW 9,284.9 billion. The percentage of children was 66.5%, a decrease of 7.9 percentage points (p) compared to the previous year, and the weekly private education participation time was 5.3 hours, which was a decrease of 1.2 hours from the previous year.

This private education expenditure survey reflects the wide range of changes due to social distancing and academic schedule changes due to Corona 19, and was originally prepared on an annual basis, and was prepared on a temporary basis for the period subject to the survey. For comparison with the previous year, the statistics for 2019 were also rewritten based on the survey period.

By school level, the total private education expenditure of elementary schools, which accounted for 38.5% of the total private education expenditure, decreased by 25.2% from the previous year to 3.577.7 billion won. Middle schools, which accounted for 27.9% of the total private education expenditure, decreased by 1.8% from the previous year to KRW 2.591.7 trillion, and high schools, which accounted for 33.6% of the total private education expenditure, increased 0.3% to 3,115.5 billion KRW.

Meanwhile, the rate of participation in private education was 69.2% for elementary schools and 66.7% for middle schools, down 13.9%P and 4.2%P, respectively, compared to the previous year, and 60.7% for high schools, up 0.3%P from the previous year. Participation hours per week were 4.6 hours for elementary school and 6 hours for middle school, which decreased by 2.1 hours and 0.8 hours, respectively, compared to the previous year, and 5.9 hours for high schools, an increase of 0.1 hours from the previous year.

The average monthly private education expenditure per student was 289,000 won, down 10.1% from the previous year. By school level, elementary schools were 221,000 won, a 23.7% decrease from the previous year, middle schools decreased 3.4% from the previous year, to 328,000 won, and high schools were 388,000 won, an increase of 5.9% from the previous year.

The average monthly private education expenditure of students participating in private education was 433,000 won, an increase of 0.3% from the previous year. By school level, elementary schools were 318,000 won, a 9% decrease from the previous year, middle schools increased 2.5% from the previous year, 492,000 won, and high schools 640,000 won, a 5.2% increase from the previous year.

Looking at the distribution by monthly average private education expenditure, the percentage of not receiving private education was the highest at 33.5%, an increase of 7.9%p from the previous year, with 12.3% for those with more than 700,000 won, 11.5% for less than 100,000-200,000 won, and 200,000-30. Less than 10,000 won was found in the order of 9.7%. This seems to be the effect of restricting the sales of academies due to strengthening social distancing.

The percentage of not receiving private education was the highest at 43.2% in towns and villages, followed by metropolitan cities, small and medium-sized cities, and Seoul.

The average monthly private education expenditure per student for each subject was higher than other subjects at 90,000 won for English, a 4.8% decrease in English, and 90,000 won for mathematics, and 3.4% and 0.5% for Korean language and social sciences, respectively. It was 24,000 won and 13,000 won. Arts and sports, hobbies, and culture were 58,000 won, down 30.1% from the previous year.

The average monthly private education expenditure per participant was 217,000 won for English, up 1.4%, and 204,000 won for math, up 6.1% from the previous year. Social Sciences and Sciences 122,000 won and Korean 120,000 won, respectively, 11.7. % And 10.8% increase. Arts and sports, hobbies, and culture were KRW 181,000, a decrease of 4.7% from the previous year.

The average monthly private education expenditure per student for general subjects by participation type was the highest at 158,000 won, which decreased 3.6% from the previous year for all students, followed by private tutoring 32,000 won and group tutoring 22,000 won.

In terms of participating students, private tutoring was the highest at 419,000 won, an increase of 4.3% from the previous year, followed by 366,000 won for individual tutoring and 262,000 won for group tutoring. Internet and telecommunications were 7,000 won for all students and 118,000 won for participating students, up 16.9% and 7.8%, respectively, compared to the previous year.

For arts and sports, hobbies and liberal arts, private tutoring was KRW 41,000 for all students and 162,000 KRW for participating students, down 33% and 8.1%, respectively, compared to the previous year. Individual tutoring for participating students was 233,000 KRW, and group Tutoring was 153,000 won, up 9.2% and 18.6% from the previous year, respectively.

For the purpose of taking private education related to general subjects, supplementation of school classes was the most common at 50%, followed by 23.7% for prior learning and 14.5% for preparation for further education. On the other hand, other purposes, such as preparing for college and making friends, decreased by 1.3%p and 1%p, respectively.

Dividing into the first and second surveys, in the first survey, where there was a change in the academic calendar, such as the first pandemic of Corona 19 and postponement of school opening, the percentage of respondents who said, “I receive private education because of advanced learning,” increased by about 3%p. In the second survey, where there were changes in the academic calendar, such as the second pandemic and shortening of summer vacation, it was found that the response of’due to supplementary school classes’ increased.

The higher the household income, the more parents participated in economic activities, and the fewer children, the higher the average monthly private education cost and participation rate per student. Looking at the characteristics of households, the average monthly private education expenditure and participation rate per capita decreased from the previous year at all income levels, and the decrease was found to be small for those with an average monthly income level of less than 2 million won and over 8 million won.

In terms of parents’ economic activity, private education expenses and participation rates decreased by 14.7% and 10.2%p, respectively, when the father was single-earning, and by number of children, private education expenses and participation rates decreased by 10.8% and 8.2%p, respectively, when there was one child. .

High school participation rate and average monthly private education cost per capita increased compared to the previous year. By grade, the higher the grade, the higher the private education cost and participation rate, and the private education cost and participation rate of high school students in the 81~100% range were 8.8% and 1.2%, respectively. p increased.

The average monthly private education cost per student for all students was 433,000 won for Seoul, 282,000 won for small and medium-sized cities, 279,000 won for metropolitan cities, and 184,000 won for towns and villages. On the other hand, the number of participating students was 579,000 won for Seoul, 420,000 won for metropolitan cities, 419,000 won for small and medium-sized cities, and 324,000 won for towns and villages, showing an increase in all regions excluding small and medium-sized cities.

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